This video shows how to identify type 2 diabetes. The content of this video includes: What is type II diabetes, symptoms of type 2 diabetes, tests for diabetes and some information on type 2 diabetes.
Q: What is type 2 diabetes
A: It is disorder of glucose metabolism. Cells do not respond to insulin because of insulin resistance. Cells do not absorb glucose and high amount of glucose is found in blood.
What type 2 diabetes symptoms?
Diabetic symptom 1: Frequent urination
Diabetic symptom 2: Blurred vision
Diabetic symptom 3: Excessive hunger
Diabetic symptom 4: Excessive thirst
Diabetic symptom 5: Numbness in feet
Diabetic symptom 6: Long healing sores or cuts
Diabetic symptom 7: Feeling of tired wholeday
Diabetic symptom 8: Slight unexplained weight loss
1. Fasting plasma glucose:
Normal value: 70 to 100 mg/dL
Prediabetic: 100 to 125 mg/dL
Diabetic: More than 126 mg/dL
2. Oral glucose tolerance test
Blood glucose level is measured after fasting and then 2 hours after administration of glucose-rich beverage
Normal: Less than 140 mg/dL after two hrs
Prediabetic: 140 to 200 mg/dL
Diabetic: More than 200 mg/dL
3. Hemoglobin A1c Test
Normal: Less than 5.7 %
Prediabetic: 5.7 to 6.4 %
Diabetic: 6.5 % or more
Some type 2 diabetes information
Q: What is the type II diabetes treatment?
A: Treatment for type II diabetes is based on the following:
1) Blood sugar monitoring 2) Daily exercise 3) Diet control 4) Life style modification 5) Improvement in food habit 6) Medication or insulin
Q: Give the names of anti diabetic drugs or diabetes medications?
A: Metformin, Phenformin, Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Thiazolidinediones, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, SGLT2 inhibitors, insulin
Q: What is insulin dependent diabetis mellitus?
A: It is also known as type I diabetes. In this condition, pancreas produces little of no insulin. There is no insulin resistance.
Q: Give some insight in managing type 2 diabetes.
A: Type 2 diabetes can be managed by life style modification, regular exercise, control of body weight, control of sugar level, diet modification, regular blood glucose monitoring.
Q: What is insulin?
A: Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets.
Q: What are the functions of insulin?
A: It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
It promotes the absorption of glucose from the blood into fat, liver and skeletal muscle cells.
Q: What is insulin pump"
An insulin pump is a device that contains a cartridge of rapid-acting insulin. A pump has a screen and buttons that programme the internal computer of the pump. Based on the reading of the internal computer, a precise motor that pushes the insulin from the cartridge into the body.
Q: Suggest some best foods for diabetes.
A: Dark chocolate, broccoli, blueberries, oats, olive oil, Psyllium husk, Cannellini beans, Spinach, Sweet potatoes, Walnuts, Quinoa, Cinnamon, Collard greens, Turmeric, apples, asparagus, avocados, carrots, cranberries, flaxseed, garlic, kale, watermelon, muskmelon, raspberries, red grapefruit, red onions, red peppers, soy, green tea, tomatoes, yogurt.