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What Is - Melatonin
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6 Reasons You May Have Trouble Breathing Freely
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Hemorrhagic Vs.  Ischemic Stroke
http://www.dailyrx.com/ When it comes to a health problem as serious as stroke, it's good — and potentially lifesaving — to stay informed. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A stroke is a medical emergency and must be treated immediately. Managing other conditions like high blood pressure can reduce your risk of stroke, and there are also other lifestyle factors under your control. Strokes come in two basic versions: hemorrhagic and ischemic. Most strokes in the US are ischemic strokes, according to the CDC. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by bleeding in the brain. Chaouki Khoury, MD, a neurologist and director of neurology education and research at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas and an associate professor of neurology at Texas A&M, told dailyRx News that "Hemorrhagic strokes are due to weakening of the blood vessels ... most commonly because of very high blood pressure that is not being treated or being treated but not enough." Other possible causes, according to Dr. Khoury, "include certain vascular malformations; the blood vessels are formed wrong." He added, "There's a third condition that occurs in older patients called amyloid angiopathy. It's the same disease process as in Alzheimer's, where you have amyloid deposits in the blood vessels, leading to the blood vessels being weak and leaking on their own." An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked. Ischemic strokes may be thrombotic or embolic. In the first, a blood clot occurs in an artery going to the brain. These usually occur in an area damaged by plaque, a thick fatty deposit in the artery. Embolic strokes occur when a clot forms somewhere else in the body — usually in the head or neck arteries — and travels to the brain. Dr. Khoury added, "Ischemic strokes occur for one of three reasons — either you have a heart condition that predisposes you to form blood clots that then travel up to the brain and cause the stroke, or you have disease of the blood vessels themselves, such as blood vessels that are damaged by high blood pressure, diabetes, [or] high cholesterol with cholesterol deposit on the inner surface of the blood vessels causing narrowing and blood clot formation." Some people develop diseases or have inherited conditions that can make the blood more likely to clot, Dr. Khoury said. If you do have a stroke, prompt treatment may increase your chance of survival and decrease complications. There's no time to waste, according to Dr. Khoury. "If all of a sudden you lose vision on one side ... or you lose the ability to talk or understand speech ... going weak on one side, going numb on one side all of the sudden or losing coordination on one side ... these are things people need to be aware of so, if that happens, they immediately call 911," Dr. Khoury said.
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What Is - Molluscum Contagiosum?
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Intellectual Disability: SEARCHing for Employment
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/project-search-places-those-intellectual-disabilities-internships-could-lead-competitive-employment For many, conversation about intellectual disabilities is limited or never happens. But for the estimated 4.6 million Americans living with an intellectual disability, the conversation is far from over. That's why Project SEARCH is working to offer these individuals independence through competitive employment.
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Chagas Disease Parasite Found In Texas
Chagas disease is usually thought of as a tropical disease, found in places like Guatemala or Brazil. But researchers recently found that the parasite that causes Chagas disease was present in the blood of some Texans. A great resource: http://kissingbug.tamu.edu/
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Norovirus: Prevention & Symptoms
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What Is - Interstitial Cystitis?
According to the Urology Care Foundation about 4 million Americans suffer from a condition known as Interstitial Cystitis. About 8 in 10 of those suffering from this condition are women. So what is Interstitial Cystitis? For more information visit http://www.dailyrxnews.com/
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Investigating Youth Football and Traumatic Brain Injury
http://www.dailyrx.com/ It can happen anywhere, anytime. Maybe you've suffered a fall, a car accident, or sports injury and didn't feel quite right after - that persistent headache and trouble concentrating are all warning signs of a traumatic brain injury. March is Brain Injury Awareness Month - a great time to hear the story of one family's struggle and hope for their teenage son. It's a scene played all over Texas.. Football's Friday Night Lights... with fierce boys lining up for a tackle. I remember getting hit and my head was just throbbing Matt, a smart, tough 13-year old.. loved football's fitness and friendships.. But that all changed one fall day. they were on the line going forward and they guy just came and plowed him over and he went just back. I literally lost it. Matt knew something was wrong too.. but when he asked to sit-out the coach kept him in the game. He took another hit. But this time it was just really, really really hurt, so I asked, hey, can I go out and he said, no you’re the only one on the team for your position or whatever. By the time the game was over, his body was showing all the warning signs. All of his friends were coming out .. they’re like, ‘Matt’s really messed up Mrs. Reed. Matt’s really hurt Mrs. Reed. Kid after kid and the coach just said, Yep. He got his bell rung. Matt's body was showing all the clear signs of concussion: headaches, dizziness, slurred speech, amnesia. MRI scans show Matt suffered three concussions that day - a traumatic brain injury that would change the course of his life. Oh man. There is no way to prepare as a parent to watch your kid in such much pain. It was kind of weird how it affected school things that were so simple to me like, I used to be able to read a book you know, in a few hours, and it’s like, now I have to re-read it and I can’t remember parts of it and it still happens to me. Dr. Kimberly Arlinghaus says it's really important to pay attention to these lingering cognitive problems with processing information. All of a sudden you're not absorbing it the way you used to but you really don't understanding why. Matt's parents are working hard to help him understand how his life changed. With football out of the question.. Matt spends more time on his art.. and he's getting better every day. It’s slow, but we’re getting there and I’m hoping with time my Matt will be back. Post-concussive syndrome is a complex disorder in which symptoms like headaches and dizziness last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury.
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Did You Know - How Long It Takes To Become A Pediatrician
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What Is - Gastroparesis
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Adenovirus: Facts & How To Stay Safe
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4 Steps to Help Prevent Birth Defects
http://www.dailyrx.com/national-birth-defects-prevention-month-and-folic-acid-awareness-week-focus-infant-health?autoplay=554982786 Pregnant women can decrease the chances of birth defects by following four healthy strategies. January is National Birth Defects Prevention Month. And in that same month, from Jan. 4 to Jan. 10, was Folic Acid Awareness Week. Folic acid is a B vitamin thought to reduce the risk of certain birth defects.
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Pregnancy With Rheumatoid Arthritis
http://www.dailyrx.com/rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-can-have-successful-pregnancies http://www.dailyrx.com/conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis In the past, women with rheumatoid arthritis were discouraged from getting pregnant. But now the picture is different. With the help of their doctors, along with careful disease management, most women with rheumatoid arthritis can have a successful pregnancy. A successful pregnancy, however, does not necessarily mean everything goes according to plan. According to the American College of Rheumatology, "Doctors and patients must be ready to deal with possible complications for both mother and child." Rheumatoid arthritis and similar diseases often affect women when they reach their childbearing years. Women with rheumatoid arthritis needn't be discouraged from getting pregnant, but they should be prepared. It is especially important that patients get their rheumatoid arthritis under control before getting pregnant. Through working closely with their doctors, women with rheumatoid arthritis can have a pregnancy similar to that of otherwise healthy women. For DailyRx TV, I'm Jennifer Dodd
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When Less Is More: Low Dose Beta Blockers
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/beta-blockers-may-help-heart-attack-patients-even-low-doses Beta blockers are a class of medications often prescribed to patients after a heart attack. But the dosing for this medication has remained controversial. A new study from Northwestern University found that the dose of beta blockers prescribed to heart attack patients can likely be significantly reduced without sacrificing effectiveness. In fact, patients on low doses may live just as long — or even longer — as patients on higher doses. Jeffrey Goldberger, MD, a professor of cardiology at Northwestern University, launched this study when he noticed that many patients were being treated with lower doses of beta blockers than those typically used in clinical trials.
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Asthma Made Me Smoke
A new study found that adolescents with asthma are twice as likely to smoke as adolescents without asthma. The research team examined more than 3,300 questionnaires from adolescents between the ages of 13-19 years old and divided those adolescents into two groups: those with asthma and those without. The questionnaires revealed that asthmatic teenagers were more were more likely to have some degree of nicotine dependence compared to non-smoking teens. For more information visit http://www.dailyrxnews.com/
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How the Night Shift Might Affect Your Health
http://www.dailyrx.com/shift-work-tied-insomnia-and-being-overweight Pulling the night shift at work may put a few extra bucks in your pocket, but could it also be harmful to your health? New evidence suggests it could be. A new study found a connection between "shift working" — working nontraditional shifts like night or rotating shifts — and being overweight and having sleep problems like insomnia. "We have known for some time that shiftworkers have more health problems," explained Robert S. Rosenberg, DO, FCCP, medical director of the Sleep Disorders Center of Prescott Valley, AZ, in an interview with dailyRx News. "This includes an increased incidence of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as cancer."
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Breathing Troubles Persist Even After Giving up Cigarettes
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ The thing about smoking is that even after you quit your body continues to have problems. You can be smoke-free for a year and still be choking on the past. A new study from researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) in Nashville, Tennessee found that symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continue to persist even after a patient has ceased smoking due to a bacterial invasion of the lungs. COPD is a common illness associated with smoking and is one of the leading causes of death in the US, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Doctors had long believed that inflammation of the small airways in the lungs due to inhalation of toxic gases and particles from smoking was the root cause of COPD. However, that particular explanation failed to go far enough to explain why symptoms persisted after patients stopped smoking.
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Exercise and Treatment for Concussion
www.dailyrxnews.com Limiting physical activity has been the standard of care for treating concussion. But there is something new to try. A new study from Canada found that children who exercised within the first week after a concussion had fewer symptoms a month later. A concussion is also called minor traumatic brain injury. It results from a blow to the head or an injury that causes neck whiplash. Swelling and damage to the structure of the brain results. Symptoms include headache, visual changes, sensitivity to light or noise and mood swings. Concussion can also cause problems with thinking abilities and concentration.
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What Is - Achalasia?
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The Differences of a Bipolar Brain
Visit the link for the full story! https://goo.gl/NNRhep New research suggests that when it comes to bipolar disorder we’re one step closer to recognizing biomarkers. According to a press release issued by Elsevier, a new study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) found a link between reduced functional activation and reduced cortical thickness in the brains of bipolar patients.
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List Show - 5 Heart Disease Risk Factors
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Treating Huntington's Disease is Evolving
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ Huntington's disease has always been a genetic condition with no treatment available, but new treatment options are possible. Researchers from the University of British Colombia have developed a new medication. The new drug, IONIS-HTTRx, may prevent the mutated gene from destroying nerve cells and causing the symptoms associated with Huntington's. The medication was tested in mice and monkeys, and found to be effective. Huntington's disease is hereditary. Each child of a parent with Huntington's disease has a 50 percent chance of developing the disease. The disease causes damage to nerve cells. The damaged nerve cells bring about symptoms such as uncontrolled muscle movements. Symptoms don't begin until patients are in their 30s or older.
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How to Save Face: Mohs Micrographic Surgery
For more information visit dailyRxNews.com! Dr. Dominic Ricci begins every Mohs surgery with a patient consultation. As a board-certified dermatologist, fellowship trained in Mohs surgery, he specializes in the surgical treatment of skin cancer.
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Intellectual Disability: SEARCHing for Employment
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ For many, conversation about intellectual disabilities is limited or never happens. But for the estimated 4.6 million Americans living with an intellectual disability, the conversation is far from over. That's why Project SEARCH is working to offer these individuals independence through competitive employment. Project SEARCH first began at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in 1996 and has since spread to more than 300 sites across the US and several other countries, including Seton Medical Center Austin (SMCA) in Texas. “Project SEARCH is the best practice for hiring individuals with intellectual disabilities,” said Geronimo Rodriguez, vice president for advocacy and external affairs at Seton Healthcare Family, in an interview with dailyRx News. “Here at Seton Healthcare Family, we're the first employer in the state of Texas to implement Project SEARCH; we're hopefully not the last.” Project SEARCH works by placing those with intellectual disabilities in internships that may lead to competitive employment. Project SEARCH interns at SMCA are between the ages of 18 and 21 and transitioning out of the school system. Those interested in the program must go through an application and interview program. If accepted, they’ll begin a nine-month internship consisting of three 10-week rotations. Successful interns graduate from the program with a professional portfolio and the chance to apply for positions at Project SEARCH or in the community.
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What Happens When Women are Abused During Pregnancy?
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ Domestic violence is decidedly not a good thing. That's particularly true when a woman is pregnant. Researchers at the University of Iowa found that domestic violence during pregnancy greatly increased the risk of early births and low birth weight. Domestic violence can affect the baby directly due to physical or sexual trauma. Mothers may also have increased stress or poor medical care while pregnant.
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Are Antidepressants Safe During Pregnancy?
www.dailyrx.com www.dailyrxnews.com The question of taking antidepressants during pregnancy is an intimate and complicated one. But, if you're pregnant (or trying to be) and you have depression, you may want to read this. A recent study found that the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) paroxetine (brand name Paxil) and fluoxetine (Prozac) may be associated with birth defects when taken by pregnant mothers. The SSRIs citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro) and sertraline (Zoloft) were not associated with any birth defects.
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How Coffee May Cut Alzheimer's Risk
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/coffee-consumption-moderation-linked-lower-alzheimer%E2%80%99s-disease-risk Drinking moderate amounts of coffee now may help your brain later. People who drink moderate amounts of coffee over their lifespans could potentially reduce their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by up to 20 percent, according to a new report from the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee. AD is the most common form of dementia, affecting about 5 percent of all people older than 65 and around 26 million people worldwide. Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life.
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Have ADHD? Don't Stop Fidgeting
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/fidgeting-and-squirming-may-increase-when-children-adhd-face-difficult-problems-and-stress Parents who tell their kids to stop fidgeting might want to think twice. According to a new study from Florida State University, fidgeting and squirming might be a helpful mechanism for children with ADHD when they are faced with difficult problems. In this study, researchers presented problems of varying levels of difficulty to 25 children aged 8 to 12 with ADHD. One test consisted of memorizing pictures of different colored dots on a screen, while another consisted of memorizing and organizing numbers and letters in the correct order. For the more difficult tests the children did not know how much they would have to remember. When faced with more difficult tests, the children moved 25 percent more, the study authors found.
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Warning Signs - Headaches During Pregnancy
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/headaches-during-pregnancy-can-signal-serious-conditions-preeclampsia For pregnant women, a headache is often no big deal. Sometimes, however, it can be a warning sign. Researchers from Montefiore Health System and Albert Einstein College of Medicine have developed the first clinical guidelines for headaches in pregnant women. This research may help doctors determine when a headache is something to worry about. "Headaches during pregnancy are quite common, but it is not always easy to distinguish between a recurring, preexisting migraine condition and a headache caused by a pregnancy complication," said lead author Matthew S. Robbins, MD, chief of neurology at Jack D. Weiler Hospital, in a press release. "Our study suggests that physicians should pay close attention when a pregnant woman presents with a severe headache, especially if she has elevated blood pressure or lack of past headache history. Those patients should be referred immediately for neuroimaging and monitoring for preeclampsia." For their study, Dr. Robbins and colleagues studied the records of every pregnant woman with a headache who had been referred for a neurology consult at Weiler Hospital over a five-year period. The study population of 140 women was primarily Hispanic and black. Patients were 29 years old on average. Most of the women had headaches like migraines. However, 49 patients had headaches for some other reason. Of those, 51 percent had pregnancy-related high blood pressure. Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that usually occurs during the second or third trimester. Once known as toxemia, it can cause high blood pressure, headaches and blurry vision. Preeclampsia can pose serious health risks to both mother and baby. Dr. Robins and colleagues found that women with a headache plus high blood pressure were 17 times more likely than those with normal blood pressure to have a headache because of preeclampsia. The researchers also found that a woman who did not have a history of headaches was five times more likely to have a headache because of a problem like preeclampsia. Other potential warning signs were seizures, headaches plus fever, headaches without sensitivity to noise and headaches without psychiatric problems. This study was published in the August issue of the journal Neurology.
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The Latest Skinny on Trans Fats
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ A new study from Canada found that trans fats may be linked to an increased risk of both heart disease and death. Saturated fats, however, may not be linked to either — or to an increased risk of stroke or type 2 diabetes. "For years everyone has been advised to cut out fats," said lead study author and dietitian Russell de Souza, RD, ScD, an assistant professor of epidemiology at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, in a press release. "Trans fats have no health benefits and pose a significant risk for heart disease, but the case for saturated fat is less clear." Gabriela Pichardo-Lafontaine, MD, explained why saturated fats aren't necessarily "bad," despite what the public may have been told about them. "Your body needs some fat from food, Dr. Gabriela Pichardo-Lafontaine told dailyRx News. "It’s a major source of energy. Saturated fats from animal and vegetable sources provide a number of important health benefits. In fact, your body cannot function without saturated fats." According to Dr. de Souza, current dietary guidelines recommend limiting trans fats to less than 1 percent and saturated fats to less than 10 percent of the total amount of calories consumed daily. Saturated fats are naturally found in many animal products, including butter, cows' milk, meat, salmon and egg yolks. Palm oils and chocolate also contain saturated fats. Trans fats, however, are industrially-produced from plant oils — in a process known as hydrogenation. They are typically found in margarine, snack foods and packaged baked goods. Dr. de Souza and team looked at 50 studies on the topic to determine the link between fat types and health outcomes in US adults. No link was found between a high intake of saturated fat and death from all causes, or between saturated fat and heart disease, stroke or type 2 diabetes. The picture was very different for trans fats, however. A high intake of trans fats was linked to a 34 percent increased risk of death from all causes, a 21 percent increased risk of developing heart disease and a 28 percent increased risk of death from heart disease.
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What Is - Marburg Virus?
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Apraxia Of Speech
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FDA Approves New Combination Pill for Type 2 Diabetes
http://www.dailyrx.com/xigduo-xr-type-2-diabetes-combines-dapagliflozin-and-metformin The FDA is approving a new two-in-one pill to treat Type 2 diabetes. It's called Xigduo XR and it combines dapagliflozin with metformin — the first-line treatment options.
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Tips for Parents of Children with ADHD
http://www.dailyrx.com/managing-adhd-children-requires-compassion-and-control-parents http://www.dailyrx.com/conditions/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder Managing ADHD tips for parents. I'm Erin White and this is a dailyRx Feature. Kids with ADHD face a number of learning and behavioral issues including difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. The home may be one of the best places for children with ADHD to learn how to control problematic behaviors. If you are a parent of a child with ADHD, you play a crucial role in your child's treatment and learning process. Routine is extremely important for a child with ADHD. In addition to a consistent routine, children with ADHD may need a clear set of ground rules. It is also important that parents boost their child's self-esteem and confidence. Parents can highlight and encourage the things their children are good at doing. Ask your doctor what else you can do to help your child with ADHD. For dailyRx TV, I'm Erin White.
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How Exercise Can Benefit The Gut
http://www.dailyrx.com/exercise-tied-more-diverse-good-bacteria-digestive-system?autoplay=559275580 Did you know that bacteria can be good for you and having a healthy dose in your gut may depend on more than just your diet? I'm Rachelle Grossman with your latest health news. The word bacteria tends to have a negative connotation, but bacteria aren't just foreign invaders that make us sick. Healthy bacteria lives within our digestive system and new research shows that athletes have a wider range of good bacteria. The authors of this study suggest that vigorous exercise could play a significant role in keeping your digestive system healthy. Disturbances in the gut's bacteria can increase your risk of obesity and some diseases. Researchers say that both diet and exercise are important that it is always a good idea to exercise regularly to keep your gut healthy.
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Folic Acid Supplements Before Pregnancy Found Beneficial
Is it ever too early to start thinking about the health of a child? A new study suggests that more women should be thinking ahead and taking folic acid supplements before they become pregnant. I'm Shelby Cullinan and this is a dailyRx Minute. This new study showed that most women did not take the folic acid prior to becoming pregnant but often began taking them after. The researchers said that taking folic acid supplements before pregnancy may reduce the risk of spina bifida by as much as 72 percent. Consult with your doctor before beginning any supplement regimen. For dailyRxTv, I'm Shelby Cullinan.
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What You Need to Know about Cat Scratch Disease
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/cat-scratch-disease-blinds-woman-after-she-was-licked-her-cat House pets can harbor many common bacteria but, while most are harmless, a few can cause serious illness — or even blindness. That appears to be what happened to Janese Walters, who awoke blinded in one eye. Walters thought she had pink eye, but doctors concluded what she actually had — cat scratch disease — came from her furry, feline friend. "Anything that is exposed to the cat's mouth, including if you have a little scratch that the cat licks — that's how you can get it," said Dr. Kristopher R. Brickman, MD, of the University of Toledo's College of Medicine and Life Sciences, in an interview with CBS News.
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This Is Your Brain on Too Much TV
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/cognitive-function-midlife-linked-television-exercise-patterns-young-adulthood Mom was right. It turns out watching too much TV really might hurt your brain. A new study, which followed a large group of participants for 25 years, found that watching a lot of TV and getting little exercise in young adulthood may lead to poor cognitive function in midlife. "In this biracial [group] followed for 25 years, we found that low levels of physical activity and high levels of television viewing during young to mid-adulthood were associated with worse cognitive performance in midlife," wrote lead study author Tina D. Hoang, MSPH, of the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and colleagues. "Participants with the least active patterns of behavior (i.e., both low physical activity and high television viewing time) were the most likely to have poor cognitive function." For this study, Hoang and team used data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study to look at the TV and physical activity habits of 3,247 young adults from 1985 to 2011. Surveys were used to assess these patterns.
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How Alzheimer's in Mice Was Reversed in One Week
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ Could reversing Alzheimer's in just one week be possible soon? New research indicates that might be a real possibility. In a new study on mice, a protein called IL-33 was found to reverse the cognitive decline and memory issues associated with Alzheimer's in just one week while appearing to prevent future symptoms as well. Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia, or cognitive decline, that can interfere with daily life. About 60 to 80 percent of dementia patients have Alzheimer's disease, a progressive condition that interferes with daily life and eventually causes death. Symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss, moodiness, feeling disoriented, difficulty walking and speaking. Most of the five million Alzheimer's patients in the US are over the age of 65 and about one out of three seniors die from some form of dementia or Alzheimer's, according to the Alzheimer's Association. Scientists from the University of Glasgow discovered that when mice bred to develop cognitive decline as they age were given IL-33, not only did cognitive tasks and memory improve, but physical symptoms of Alzheimer's were also less apparent.
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Gastric Bypass and Treating Diabetes
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/bariatric-surgery-was-more-effective-lifestyle-changes-treating-type-2-diabetes-moderately-obese Bariatric surgery might be more effective than lifestyle changes at reversing type 2 diabetes-even for the moderately obese. A recent year-long study from the University of Washington in Seattle suggested that the Body Mass Index (BMI) requirements for bariatric surgery could be lowered to as much as 30 for type 2 diabetes patients. The study authors found that healthy lifestyle changes, including exercise and dieting, were drastically less effective than bariatric surgery for reversing the disease. This year-long study included type 2 diabetes patients aged 25 to 64 with a BMI of 30 to 45. Fifteen study subjects underwent a surgery called Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), while 17 patients adopted lifestyle changes. The lifestyle patients exercised for 45 minutes five days a week, ate a strict low-sugar diet while being monitored by a nutritionist and took the ideal medicine for their condition.
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New HIV Antibody Shows Promise
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/hiv-viral-load-dramatically-reduced-3bnc117-antibody The motto for HIV and AIDS treatment since the 1980s has always been “control, not cure,” but coming years may bring a different saying. Rockefeller University researchers have isolated an antibody, 3BNC117, they believe will dramatically reduce the amount of HIV in a patient’s blood. The body’s main struggle is the persistently mutating virus versus the immune system, but researchers say this antibody may put the body one step ahead. “What’s special about these antibodies is that they have activity against over 80 percent of HIV strains and they are extremely potent,” said study author Dr. Marina Caskey, an assistant professor at Rockefeller University, in a press release. Antibodies are large, Y-shaped protein molecules created by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects and pathogens like bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and toxins. 3BNC117 targets the primary site where HIV attaches to host cells and shows activity against 195 out of 237 HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) strains, Dr. Caskey and team found. In past studies, the antibody appeared to suppress and prevent further infection in mice and primates infected with HIV. For this study, eight human volunteers infected with HIV received a single dose of 3BNC117 and were monitored for 56 days. All of these patients showed up to 300-fold decreases in the amount of virus in their blood, and resistance did not occur.
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Showdown - Homeopathy vs. Conventional Medicine
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/homeopathy-and-conventional-medicine-effectiveness-debated-two-experts Should doctors recommend homeopathy over conventional medicine? Two experts debated the issue inThe BMJ this week. “Of all the major forms of complementary medicine, homeopathy is the most misunderstood," wrote Peter Fisher, MD, PhD, the Director of Research at Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine, UK. Homeopathy is a type of complementary and alternative medicine. It is based on two premises: that substances that cause illnesses or symptoms in a healthy person can (in very small doses) also treat those symptoms, and that highly diluted solutions can retain a "memory" of the original substance. Homeopathic medicine is prepared by taking a substance — a plant, animal or chemical material — and repeatedly diluting it in water or alcohol. These medicines can include tablets, liquids, ointments, sprays and creams. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, homeopathic medicine tends to be holistic and often requires the patient to take an active part in his or her treatment. Many homeopathic therapies are based on the idea of enabling the body to heal itself. On the other hand, conventional medicine mainly focuses on understanding and correcting the underlying problems that are causing a patient's symptoms. A recent review from the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) concluded that "There are no health conditions for which there is reliable evidence that homeopathy is effective." Dr. Fisher, however, questioned the methods of this review. According to Dr. Fisher, the review assumed that a positive response to one type of homeopathic treatment was undone by a negative response to another homeopathic treatment. “The fact that one homeopathic treatment for a condition is ineffective doesn’t mean that another is ineffective,” Dr. Fisher wrote. Dr. Fisher pointed to studies from France, Switzerland and Germany, which found homeopathy to have positive outcomes (at an equivalent cost) for a range of conditions. Dr. Fisher concluded by calling for unbiased decision making. “Doctors should put aside bias based on the alleged implausibility of homeopathy,” Dr. Fisher wrote. "When integrated with standard care homeopathy is safe, popular with patients, improves clinical outcomes without increasing costs, and reduces the use of potentially hazardous drugs, including [antibiotics]." Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, a professor of complementary medicine at the University of Exeter, disagrees with Dr. Fisher. “The assumptions underlying homeopathy fly in the face of science, and critics have long pointed out that, unless our understanding of the laws of nature is incorrect, homeopathy’s mode of action has no rational explanation,” wrote Dr. Ernst. Dr. Ernst argued that most studies do not show homeopathy’s effectiveness and that positive reviews "usually have serious methodological flaws." According to Dr. Ernst, choosing homeopathic medicine over "effective" therapy can cause harm and that "several deaths have occurred in this unnecessary way." Dr. Ernst criticized Europe’s annual spending on homeopathic remedies, writing that the funds "could and should be spent more usefully elsewhere."
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Chronic Fatigue and Suicide: An Alarming Trend
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) could lead to deadly results when it comes to mental health, a new British study has found. According to researchers from King's College in London, while overall deaths as a result of CFS are not increasing, the rate of mortality as a result of suicide is. Chronic fatigue syndrome is the condition of never-ending fatigue that does not improve with rest and worsens with activity. Symptoms include persistent exhaustion, muscle weakness, memory problems and insomnia, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Risk factors include a weakened immune system, viral infections, stress and possibly diet. The condition is normally diagnosed after six months of symptoms. In this study, authors combed through data from the National Health Service, the British public health system. After analyzing data from those diagnosed with chronic fatigue from 2007 to 2013, the researchers discovered an alarming trend: a six times higher likelihood of suicide compared to the general population in England and Wales.
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Gulf War Veterans Finally Getting Answers
Visit www.dailyrxnews.com for the full story! Though it lasted less than a year, many Gulf War veterans came home with a mysterious disease that researchers are just now beginning to understand. According to a press release issued by the Veterans Affairs Research Communications, three VA-funded studies found that Gulf War Illness (GWI) is caused by an abnormal immune response.
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6 Cold Weather Health & Safety Tips
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Did You Know - The Difference Between Moles & Freckles
Did you know there's a difference between moles and freckles? It is common for moles to be signs or indicators of skin cancer, but sometimes you might not be able to tell a mole apart from a freckle.
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Using Stem Cells to Lost Fat -- Without Diet or Exercise
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/ Losing fat could one day mean manipulating stem cells--with no diet or exercise needed. Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, Colorado have found that doctors could one day manipulate stem cells to rid the body of fat cells that could cause disease. These stem cells, which are cells that can be multiplied into various types of cells, reside in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the tissue inside bones. In this study, people who had received bone marrow transplants from donors were found to have cells from the new bone marrow right under skin near the belly button. The DNA of the blood found at this location matched not the study subjects' DNA, but that of their donors at a rate of 35 percent.
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Get the Skinny on Weight Loss Programs
http://www.dailyrx.com/weight-loss-programs-mostly-fell-short-long-term-success-except-weight-watchers-and-jenny-craig Many weight loss programs make big promises, but how many can live up to the hype long-term? Unfortunately, probably not too many. That's the finding of a new study, anyway. Commercial weight loss programs are a growing market in the US — where around two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese, explained the authors of this new review, led by Kimberly A. Gudzune, MD, of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. "Primary care doctors need to know what programs have rigorous trials showing that they work, but they haven't had much evidence to rely on," Dr. Gudzune said in a news release. To better explore the issue, Dr. Gudzune and team looked at 45 past studies ranging in length from 12 weeks to a year. These studies involved patients on a weight loss program compared to patients who were not involved in a program ("control" patients). The studies covered 11 diet programs, such as Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig, Nutrisystem, Atkins, The Biggest Loser Club and eDiets. These programs all had a focus on nutrition alongside a social support or behavioral counseling aspect. These researchers found that only two programs — Weight Watchers and Jenny Craig — had evidence of success helping patients keep weight off in the long term. After a year, patients in Weight Watchers had at least a 2.6 percent greater weight loss than their control group counterparts. Patients in Jenny Craig had 4.9 percent greater weight loss than control patients after a year.
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Type 1 Diabetes Cure In the Works
http://www.dailyrxnews.com/beta-cell-implantation-could-replace-insulin-injections-researchers-mit-and-harvard-say A breakthrough in diabetes type 1 research could mean replacing needles with healthy cells inside the body. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) have found that implanting healthy cells into the body of mice-and protecting these cells with a device-could mean that human type 1 diabetes patients would no longer need insulin injections in the future. In this study, beta cells, or cells that produce insulin, were inserted into the pancreas, along with a device that blocks attacks from the body. The mice were able to release the insulin their body needed for six months without interruption or destruction of the cells. Implanting beta cells could also be safer than injecting insulin, according to the study. Injecting insulin makes personalizing treatment to match a patient's exact needs difficult, according to the Harvard Gazette. This can mean a patient is not adequately treated and can still face the effects of long-term type 1 diabetes, such as blindness.
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