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Existentialism in 3 Minutes
 
03:17
A few months ago a subscriber suggested I make a video on existentialism, so here it is! Existentialism is a European philosophy from the mid 19th and 20th centuries, which attempts to answer the questions humans have attemped to ask and answer for thousands of years: what is the purpose of life. Many believe, due to mainstream thinking, that the existentialist believes there is no purpose to our lives, but that is actually wrong - they would say our purpose is to create and cultivate our purpose. If you liked the video please hit the thumbs up button and subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: Artist - Rey. Song - Howl: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WlttLXkSklw Script: Existentialism is a European philosophy that began in the mid-19th and 20th centuries and became popular following the horrific years of WWII, when many began to doubt the traditional idea of a moral deity based on the terrifying atrocities committed during the war. The first philosopher to have actually identified as an existentialist is probably Jean-Paul Sartre who said that “what all existentialists have in common is the fundamental doctrine that existence precedes essence." What he means by this is that we are all born without any kind of collective purpose. We are born independent individuals rather than the labels, stereotypes, etc. that society or our family or whoever, decide to put on us. Our purpose or essence as Sartre describes is not what others place on to us, but instead ours to create through our own consciousness. The misconception here is that one might think they can define themselves as whatever they want, and thus be whatever they want. But the reality is that while we may believe we are of a certain essence, we are in fact defined by our actions, and are responsible for them. So if a person believes they are kind, but acts cruelly, the existentialist will then define that person by their act, as cruel. Sartre states that “man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges us in the world –and defines himself afterwards.” Another key idea in existentialism is the idea of the absurd. The absurd is the idea that the world is meaningless and in its meaninglessness the whole “bad things don’t happen to good people” flies out the window. In fact there is no such thing as a bad or good person or a bad or good situation. What happens, just simply happens. We are born into a world where our actions lack any coherent purpose, a world in which we are searching for meaning in a meaningless world. In contrast to what most of us think, Sartre believed that the amount of freedom we have is horrifying. The fact that the world is meaningless means that there are no guidelines or moral code to live by. The best thing to do he states is to live authentically. By this he means that one has to create him or herself based on their true self – rather than the external pressures of the world - and then live accordingly. In today’s world this might mean acting in opposition to the idea that we should grow up, go to college, find a good job, start a family, buy a house, send your kids to college, and then retire – something that many of us are often pressured to do by our society, teachers, parents, and even government. Again in existentialism only you can assign meaning to your life. The only wrong thing you can do is to live in-authentically, against your own essence.
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Stoicism in 6 Minutes
 
06:44
Recently I've been reading a lot about Stoicism. It has been a very practical philosophy that I've been using in my day to day life. Books: Marcus Aurelius - Meditations Epictetus - Enchiridion Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instragram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Script: The word stoic often connotes emotionless-ness, a cold and hardened heart, or strength. But this connotation would seem inaccurate to the original stoics. Stoics are people who practice stoicism which is a philosophy that is thought to have been developed in the times of ancient Greece. Stoics basically believe that everything is rooted in the natural order of the universe and that to live a good life one must understand the rules of the natural order and align their beliefs, thoughts, and actions with it. In Stoicism, it is recognized that all humans have a tendency to have destructive emotions. They believe that it is in the way that we think and how self-disciplined we are with our thinking that we can overcome destructive emotions and develop a character and mind that is unbiased and calm – or what Buddhist might consider as enlightened. The Stoics understand that the world is chaotic and that the people that inhabit the world can be extremely destructive. Despite whatever negative circumstances surround us however, it is our thoughts that dictate our state. A well-known stoic Marcus Aurelius, who is considered to be one of the last great emperors of Rome, describes that, “The universe is change; our life is what our thoughts make it.” Our destiny, in other words, is not fixed. It is up to how we think about our circumstances that will determine it. Another Stoic, Epictetus who was born into slavery and eventually banished from his home in Rome said, "sick and yet happy, in peril and yet happy, dying and yet happy, in exile and happy, in disgrace and happy.” Whatever outside events happen, we can remain stable handed and at peace if we learn to self-discipline our thoughts and reactions to outside events. As in some key eastern philosophies, the Stoics stressed that clear judgment and spiritual freedom come from an absence of suffering. Epictetus states that, “The essence of the philosophy is that we should live so that our happiness depends on as little as possible on external causes.” To end suffering in Stoicism, one must have a balanced emotional response in the face of life’s highs and lows. Part of this means expecting that life is going to throw curve balls at you. That people will betray you. That you will face challenges that test your will. With the understanding that nature is an ever changing, chaotic, and wild phenomenon one can take their first steps in finding a level headedness during those wild rides the natural order of things puts us on. The Stoics would say that it’s ok, in fact it’s natural that unexpected events happens. It is neither good nor evil, just natural and it allows us a chance to practice self-discipline in our thoughts and reactions. Stoicism is not just a belief system, but it is a way of life, a daily ritual. It involves constant growth in theory, practice, and reflection. It also involves a practice of mindfulness similar to eastern philosophies. The Stoics stress training in our ability to keep our attention on the present moment. However, there are no strict doctrines that the Stoics follow, but instead, underlying principles that can be adapted to meet each individual’s needs. One practice that Marcus Aurelius defines in one of his journal entries is, “Say to yourself in the early morning: I shall meet today ungrateful, violent, treacherous, envious, uncharitable men. All of the ignorance of real good and ill... I can neither be harmed by any of them, for no man will involve me in wrong, nor can I be angry with my kinsman or hate him; for we have come into the world to work together...” Aurelius prepares himself for his day by expecting the unexpected to happen, by expecting that he will encounter evil men, by expecting that challenges will occur, and by promising that none of those events can cause him harm. Stoicism is a very powerful and pragmatic philosophy that can be used to guide ones spirit in tough times.
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How the Stock Market Works in 5 Minutes
 
05:38
Ever wonder how exactly the stock market works? It seems quite complicated, but it is based on a pretty simple concept. Enjoy the video! Subscribe here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
Просмотров: 39401 Thought Monkey
Zen Buddhism in 3 Minutes
 
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Curious about Zen Buddhism? It's such a simple yet complicated philosophy which can help you turn any situation into a positive. Check out this video and learn all about it! Please subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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The Circadian Rhythm and Your Biological Clock in 3 Minutes
 
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The Circadian Rhythm is an idea that has been around for thousands of years. It explains why we feel the way we feel throughout our days. Enjoy the video. Please subscribe by clicking the link below: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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Introverts vs Extroverts in 5 Minutes
 
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If you’re an introvert someone at some point in time has probably asked you what’s wrong? Are you feeling ok? Why are you so quiet? And you silently in your head want to politely say: Would you please SHUT THE F*CK UP? But instead you end up saying the same thing you always say: Nothings wrong. Yes I’m fine. Or I didn’t realize I was being so quiet. Get the Book - Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking: http://amzn.to/2l8QsVM Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Mad Smoky – Autumn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdCFpA4H3OU Script: The terms introvert and extrovert come from the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung. But our current understanding of the idea comes more from the German psychologist Hans Eysenck. The idea can be thought of as a spectrum. On one side you have the extreme extrovert that is super outgoing, talkative, and energetic while on the other you have the extreme introvert who is very reserved and solitary. Most of us lie somewhere on this spectrum, and some of us even lie in the middle and would be considered an ambivert. Ambiverts get the best of both worlds and have been scientifically shown to be better sales people than both extroverts and introverts, but that’s beside the point. Some people mistake an introverted person as a shy person. But the two are actually unrelated. Shyness is a fear of social judgment. While introversion is simply how one responds to stimulation – whether social or not. Introverts simply feel more alive in quiet, low key environments. Part of this has to do with science. First, all humans have something called an Ascending Reticular Activating System which is part of the brain stem that regulates how much stimulation we need to feel good. You see, your brain wants to feel good and needs a certain amount of stimulation in order to reach a happy point. While introverts already have a lot of stimulation going on in their brains, they don’t need as much external stimulation to get to that happy point. The opposite is true of extroverts who have less stimulation going on in their brains and thus need more external stimulation to reach their happy point. Second, our personality traits are linked to our genetics to an extent. There are studies that show that extroverts share two copies of one allele that introverts lack. Third, brain scans of both show that introverts have a thicker frontal lobe than extroverts which is linked to a tendency toward deep thought and planning over impulsive action, but are also linked to anxiety and depression. Finally, in another study in which extroverts and introverts were asked to look at photos of people, the brains of extroverts responded more strongly when seeing groups of people in photos, implying that introverts don’t need as much social connection to feel good. The book by Susan Cain, Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking explains how our society is structured for extroverts, and how that might limit the creative progress of it. You see Cain found that a third to half of the population are introverts, but if you look at schools or the work place, nearly all people are expected to work cooperatively in groups and the leaders that emerge are generally the most outspoken and extroverted. And while this happen frequently the research shows introverts may be better leaders due to their careful and thoughtful consideration of ideas and their ability to allow those they lead to feel more autonomous. Some introverted leaders in history include Abraham Lincoln, Ghandi, and Rosa Parks. Cain also says that solitude is a crucial ingredient to creativity. In fact Charles Darwin is famous for turning down dinner invitations and taking long walks by himself in the woods. You can also see this in most world belief systems – where the likes of the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad all go off on a solo journey, finding wisdom, and return with a message. Sounds like the Hero’s Journey huh? The fact is, is that there are zero correlations between being the best talker and having the best ideas. But our society is structured so that the best talker usually becomes the leader. How did this happen?
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The Federal Fund Rate in 4 Minutes
 
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"The Federal Fund Rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions lend reserve balances to other depository institutions overnight, on an uncollateralized basis.” What the f*ck? Yeah. I don’t get it either. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: George Fields - Understand Script: Ok. First what is an interest rate? An interest rate is a percent of a loan that is given out which is charged to the person or institution borrowing money. So for example if Bob wants to buy a house and takes out a loan of 100,000 dollars from Wells Fargo Bank, Wells Fargo may charge him an extra 5% of that $100,000 dollars to take the loan out - meaning that Bob actually owes the bank $105,000. The federal interest rate – also known as the federal fund rate – is the interest rate that banks charge each other for taking out overnight loans to meet their reserve requirement. The reserve requirement is something made by the Fed that tells banks how much money they have to keep in their reserves. It’s usually about 10% of all deposits that bank customers make. So for every $100 dollars you deposit into your Bank of America account, B-of-A must only hold on to $10 dollars of it. What happens to the other $90? This is how banks make their money. They lend that money out to customers who may be looking for a new house, tuition for college, a new car or even to other banks and sometimes even to the government. Of course they charge interest rates on the money that you’ve given to them to lend out and they make money on your money. So what happens when a bunch of customers go to the bank and want a lot of money and the bank doesn’t have enough in its reserves to give it out? Well, when this happens banks can borrow money from the Fed or other banks that hold their reserves at the Fed. If the borrowing bank borrows from the Fed they are charged something called the discount rate - which is the same thing as an interest rate. If the borrowing bank borrows from another bank that keeps its money at the Fed it’s called the Federal Funds Rate – again the same thing as an interest rate. So let’s say Wells Fargo runs out of money today because so many of its customers want to buy the new Call of Duty game that came out. Wells Fargo then will borrow money from another bank, say Bank of America, and be charged whatever the Federal Funds Rate is. Theoretically Wells Fargo will have to pay B-of-A back at the given interest rate. So what happens when the Fed raises or lowers its rates? You hear about this in the news all the time and see news anchors freaking out about it on the regular. But why? When the Fed raises its rates it’s usually because it’s afraid of inflation – which is when prices increase while the value of money decreases. For example let’s say a pack of gum costs $1 today but inflation is occurring at 10% annually. In one year that same pack of gum will cost $1.10. You see, after inflation your dollar can’t buy the same pack of gum. Some may think that when the Fed raises its rates it has a direct effect on the stock market. But that’s not the case. The rate simply makes it more expensive for banks to borrow money from the Fed or from each other. Of course, this creates a ripple effect which influences businesses, people and the stock market. Banks will now charge people more to borrow money – so for example mortgages and car loans become more expensive – which decreases the amount of money people have and affects businesses because people will spend less of their hard earned dough. Businesses are affected similarly – borrowing money becomes more expensive and limits business’ potential growth. Further down the ripple the stock market is also affected. When companies are seen as cutting back on its growth spending or are making less profit their stock prices generally drop. If enough companies experience this kind of decline then the entire stock market will go down.
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Utilitarianism in 4 Minutes
 
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What if instead of providing homeless shelters, food, and work programs for all homeless people around the country, we murdered them and harvested their organs so that we could save the lives of thousands of hard working people who needed organ transplants? Haha - just kidding. But many think that this is what the idea of utilitarianism is all about - doing actions that have a consequence that will do the most good for the most people – in this case taking organs from people who do little for their community and giving them to people who do much for their community. But it’s not quite as simple as organ stealing as you might think. My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Snares - Circuit In the mid-18th century the philosopher and statesman Jeremy Bentham was born in England. This guy was straight up hippie for his time. He believed in freedom of speech, abolition of slavery, women’s rights, gay rights - I mean this is stuff that some people don’t even believe in today. He also founded the idea of utilitarianism - the main principle being that “the right action is the one that produces the most overall happiness.” But here’s where the misunderstandings come in. First we have to define what Bentham and other utilitarian’s consider happiness or pleasure. Some might think that this means they can watch porn, smoke weed, and eat Oreos all day. But that would be wrong. You see the utilitarianism people have distinguished two types of pleasure. A higher pleasure - related to our intellect and a lower pleasure - related to our senses. You see it is not just how much pleasure we receive, but the quality of it as well – kind of like anything in life. 10 ok cookies might not be as yummy as 1 extremely f*cking delicious cookie. In utilitarianism the delicious cookie is intellectual pleasure, and is more highly valued than physical pleasure – the ok cookie. So if you’re thinking about watching porn, try reading a book about Particle Physics or Paleomagnetism instead. At the same time our happiness is not just a selfish individual kind of happiness, but rather communal. Everyone’s happiness counts the same and there is no room for prejudice or discrimination – it is the total amount of happiness that the masses has that counts. Think of it like this – the action that you do that gives the most amount of people happiness is the best action you can do – which might mean you actually make sacrifices to your happiness in order to make others happy. So to put it into mathematical terms it might look like total amount of happiness in all people + the right action to get the most amount of people happy = utilitarianism. But there are problems to this idea. First, we don’t all agree on what makes us happy. For one person, it might mean having a loving family, for another it might mean playing World of Warcraft all day long, and for another it might mean living in a cave somewhere in India. The second problem is after miraculously coming up with a consensus as to what happiness is it’s even harder to figure out what the right action is to arrive at such happiness. There is a famous thought experiment that goes something like this. There is a train speeding down the railroad. There is a switch up ahead. On one side you have five people tied to the tracks and on the other you have one person tied down. You are in a position to switch the track so the train runs over the one person rather than the five people. Would you do it? The utilitarian would perform the action that creates the most amount of happiness and would switch the track. One life taken is better than five, right? But what if that one guy was a philanthropic humanitarian and the other five were just a**holes? Well, sh*t then you might have some disagreements. Could you reform the douchebags to become better people so that they could do more good than the one guy? Or maybe after this experience the one good guy becomes an a**hole because he realizes that in spite of his good guyness he still was tied down to a train for some unknown reason and now wants to start living for himself.
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The Cost of College in 4 Minutes
 
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Why College is so Expensive: I’m a lucky guy. I didn’t do so well in high school and didn’t meet the requirements to go to university right off the bat. Instead, I went to Community College, lived at home, worked a part time job, and saved a sh*t load of money. Afterwards I went to a public University and saved even more money. I graduated during a huge recession without debt thanks to my privileged circumstances which allowed me to think less about the money I’d earn after college and more about my interests. That being said, tuition to even state Universities has increased dramatically since I graduated - making the once realistic American dream seem a distant memory for many of us youngsters. Music: Mono:Massive - Attila My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Just how expensive is college? The website Collegedata.com states that one year at a public University will cost on average roughly $25,000 while at a private University it will cost $50,000. This hasn’t always been the case. From 1984 to 2014 tuition for public universities has increased 225%. And to make matters more daunting, only 19% of students actually graduate at a “4” year university within 4 years – making the majority graduating within 5 or 6 years. And while tuition goes up and it takes longer for students to graduate, on average it takes longer for college grads to earn back what they’ve spent on tuition which on average is at 36 years old. Moreover college grads has been earning less and less over the past 10 years while the cost of college is skyrocketing. But why? High education is just like a business. In fact some say that the U.S. Department of Education makes $15 billion dollars in profit from student loans every year. If students stopped taking out loans and going to college, our economy might just collapse. Universities want to attract students, just like businesses want to attract customers. To do this need to hire the best professors who can conduct research in the most up to date and technologically advanced labs. This is not cheap. The average salary for a professor is $100,000. A lab? Probably a lot more expensive than that. Universities also need to have beautifully built campuses. Again not cheap. Not only do the buildings need to be architecturally aesthetic, but the grounds need to be taken care of and the buildings maintained. Universities also must have attractive amenities like career services, health centers, and even psychiatric availability. All of this costs a sh*t load of money and creates a load of competition between the universities. Consider it like an arms race education style. But that’s not all. In order to pay for such expenses, universities create high tuition and use financial aid to help those who can’t afford it on their own and take as much as possible to those that can afford it. This is called the Bennett Hypothesis – our government provides loans and financial aid to students, and colleges get their money whether it’s from students who take out loans, get financial aid, or can pay for it out of pocket. If schools know that students have more money to spend, they can raise tuition, and make their campuses more attractive to potential students, which causes more competition between schools. So when the government is providing subsidies for its citizens to go to college –there is more demand for education now that more and more people can afford to go to college – and this in turn encourages colleges to charge more for education and they can increase their marketability by spending that money on professors, campus beautification or improved amenities. The real question however is - is college worth it? That I cannot answer. But I will say that going to college has made me widen my perspective and allowed me to pursue ideas that I probably wouldn’t have if I had not gone. College is about your education and an investment that will last you a lifetime. The only answer I can give you is to think about what you are passionate about and do it. If you don’t need a college degree to pursue your passion, don’t go. But if you think college will enrich your life and help you obtain mastery in your passion, then go.
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How Corporations Became so Powerful in 6 Minutes
 
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We live in a democracy right? Well kind of. Learn how corporations became so powerful and why they became so interconnected with our government undermining our democratic system. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Soul Chef – Blind Man See https://www.youtube.com/user/soulchefmusic Script: Go to any city, any town, any rest stop in America and you’re bound to find the same old shopping centers with the same stores and the same gas stations and the same fast food as any other city. How did just a few companies gain monopoly over the entire country? You know which companies I’m talking about – the Coca Cola’s, the Shell’s, the Comcasts, you name it. First a little bit of background about what a corporation is. The word corporation comes from the Latin word corpus which means body of people. In fact in ancient Roman law, corporate entities were recognized and even given protection under the law. Similarly today, by definition a corporation is simply a group of people who have been authorized by law to act as a single legal entity. And while most of the time we use the word corporate negatively, corporations are not innately bad. They can be bad or good just like people. However, over the past 100 years corporations have gained certain legal rights that have allowed them to gain more and more power. Again – some may use their power responsibly for good, while others recklessly for bad. Think Google vs. Exxon-Mobile. Corporations today are super powerful for a number of reasons. First Corporations are allowed to create Political Action Committees or PACs for short, which are basically organizations that pool money from members and donate those funds to campaign for or against candidates, ballot initiatives or legislation. For example AT&T donated nearly $3 million dollars during the 2016 campaign cycle on funding the campaigns of possible representatives they believed would put out legislation in AT&Ts best interest. Second corporations tend to spend a lot of money on lobbying in Washington in the hopes of influencing politicians on a particular issue. For example the oil company Exxon-Mobile has spent over $200 million dollars alone over the past 20 years on lobbying. Just in 2008 the company spent over $29 million dollars in an effort to defeat legislation that addressed climate change. Not only do corporations donate millions of dollars to the politicians they know will act in their best interest, or spend hundreds of millions of dollars on expert influencers to try and get those politicians to sign or block legislation that will help or hurt their companies, but they also employ many “revolvers” or people who were at one time government employees that now work for corporations – strengthening the connection between corporations and government further. Of the 29 registered lobbyists that work for Exxon-Mobile, 22 of them have at one time been government employees. You get the point. Of course Exxon is just one example out of many – I don’t know why I’m ragging on Exxon, but I am – if you happen to be the CEO please don’t come after me, I’m just using you as an example. Anyways the point is corporations and the government is tightly wound up within each other. So how did this happen? Before the late 1800s, corporations were required to be public service organizations and have a stated public purpose. In other words they were a sort of gift from a group of people to serve the public good. They were tightly controlled and very limited due to widespread public opposition. In fact a common misconception is that the Boston Tea Party was a protest between the American Revolutionaries and the King of England, but rather it was a protest by the Americans against the monopolization of the tea market by the East India Company.
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Your Internal Monologue: Why People Talk to Themselves in 3 Minutes
 
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Do you ever talk to yourself? Yeah, me too. This is called your inner voice or sometimes your internal monologue. Ever wonder why? Well psychologists from Lev Vygostky to modern professors have been studying this for years. Watch the video to learn what we know about why you talk to yourself. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Dope Violin & Trumpet Beat - Diract Beats https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=voig7MmtF5A Script: Have you ever been talking to yourself when a friend walks in the room? Yeah, super awkward. But why? Everyone talks to themselves. Whether it’s out loud or just in their head. When I’m on super long road trips I usually end up having a full on conversation with myself. Or if other people are around, the conversation just simply moves into my head. Scientists call this our internal monologue or sometimes refer to it as our inner voice. It’s so weird, because not only are we constantly having silent conversations with ourselves, but it often feels like we can actually hear our conversations out loud even though it’s happening in our heads. Since the dawn of the study of psychology, psychologists have been studying our inner voice. The Soviet psychologist Lev Vygostky believed that our inner voice occurred because of the internalization of external speech. So for example when you hear yourself or another speak out loud, you internalize the sound of it and recreate the sounds you’ve perceived in your mind. That’s why your inner voice sounds like your voice and when you are thinking about what your mom might say to you after doing another bump of Chuck Norriss, you recreate the sound of her nagging voice asking you why you haven’t settled down with a nice girl and gotten married yet. You see, scientists have found through neurological experiments that the same part of brain used when we talk out loud is used when we are using our inner voice. This is called Broca’s area – and you guessed it, it’s named after the scientist who discovered the link between speech and that part of the brain. And as we use Broca’s area, simultaneously we are using the same muscles in our throat that we use just before we make sound come out of our mouths – the Larynx. Wonder where that word came from? Well, look it up ‘cause I have no idea. Anyways, almost everyone talks to themselves. For many years, some professor at the University of Las Vegas studied this shit and found that while it is still unclear as to why exactly we have an inner voice, we almost all do. Of course there are exceptions such as some dyslexic and deaf people who both report having an inner voice that is made up of mostly visual pictures or symbols rather than sounds like normal people do. And by normal I don’t mean that dyslexic and deaf people are abnormal, rather that – well no I guess that’s what I’m saying. Speaking of abnormal people, those who have auditory hallucinations probably think they are hearing voices due to the fact that their inner speech may just be not recognized by them as self-produced. The evidence shows that the same parts of the brain that are active during inner speech are active during auditory hallucinations. In a 2012 Finish study, it was found that during auditory hallucinations, the part of the brain that is tied to self-awareness is less active, meaning that auditory hallucinations might be a result of hearing one’s own inner speech without being self-aware that they are having inner speech. Ok. But why do we talk to ourselves? Well I hate to break it to you, but the answer to that isn’t quite known. It might be an evolutionary step as our inner voices actually help us with tasks. For example chess players whose inner voices are suppressed aren’t able to perform as well as those whose inner voices aren’t interrupted. You may experience this when a person is talking to you while you are in the middle of a project. While out of politeness you may continue to converse with the person, you silently want to cuss them out because you just f’ed up the Lego Star Wars Sandcrawler that you had been working on for hours. Our inner voice can also act as a motivator and help us overcome difficult situations by urging us to strive on and not give up. However, it can be just as damaging as helpful. Many describe their inner voice to be nasty or cruel. We’ve all been there. But you, know, don’t let it get you down.
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How the Electoral College Works in 6 Minutes
 
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The Electoral College is the system that dictates how our next president is elected. Contrary to popular belief, when you or I go to the polls to vote, we are not actually voting for a presidential nominee. We are voting for an elector. Enjoy the video and please subscribe to my YouTube channel for more educational videos: Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Script: We often believe that we live in a purely democratic nation. That we live in a nation in which the people elect their leaders through their votes. That the people get to decide who the next president will be. And while this idea is part of our national story, it is not entirely true. In fact it is not the people who get to elect the president, but instead the members of an electoral college. You see, every four years a presidential election happens and it is not you or me, but the Electoral College that directly elects the president. Citizens who vote for a presidential candidate are actually voting for what are called “electors.” These people pledge to vote for the presidential candidate that gets the popular vote in their state. Electors are represented in each of the 50 states. The amount of electors each state has coincides with how many Congressional members there are in each state. For example California right now has 53 members in the House of Representatives and 2 in the Senate, therefore California gets 55 electoral votes. Washington D.C. also gets an electoral vote which is based on the same number of the least populated state. Right now D.C. gets 3 electoral votes and there are a total of 538 electors who make up the electoral college. That means only 538 people make the final decision on which presidential candidate becomes president. Most electors have pledged to vote for which ever candidate has won the most votes in a particular state. So for example during the 2012 election between Barak Obama and Mitt Romney, Obama won the popular vote in New York and all 29 electors in New York voted for Obama. The only exceptions to this pledge is in Nebraska and Maine which both use a congressional district method. Despite this difference, in every election both states have never split their electoral votes and have always ended up following the statewide popular vote. One strange fact is that electors are not required by law to vote for the candidates that they have pledged their votes toward. Despite its legality, however, there have only been 157 cases of electors who have voted contrary to their pledge. These are called faithless electors. It should be noted that not once in the history of an election, have faithless electors changed the outcome of any presidential election. There are also many reasons why most electors remain faithful. Most electors have been chosen due to their loyalty to their political party and run the risk of political retaliation and possible criminal penalties in some states, if they vote against their pledge. The way a president wins an election is by receiving at least 270, or the absolute majority, of electoral college votes. If no candidate receives a majority, or at least 270 votes, then the House of Representatives will select the president. Months before election day, electors are nominated to their positions by each political party. On election day when you or I are at the polls and when we are voting for a presidential candidate, we are actually voting for an elector. These electors, will then meet up in their respective state capitols and sign something called the “Certification of Vote,” which is then delivered to the Office of the President of the U.S. Senate. It is on January 6 when the U.S. Congress convenes and announces the Certificates of Vote and declares the official winner.
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The Tao of Pooh
 
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Winnie the Pooh was probably my favorite cartoon as a kid. It turns out he has quite a bit to teach us. He is the embodiment of what it means to be in flow with the Tao. -- Buy the Book 'The Tao of Pooh': http://amzn.to/2lQ5Qot Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Sign up to my Email List: http://thtmonkey.com/ -- Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode
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Religion vs  Philosophy in 3 Minutes
 
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The difference between religion and philosophy can be difficult to explain. Here's a quick video on my take. Enjoy! If you liked the video give it a thumbs up and subscribe. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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Perfectionism in 3 Minutes
 
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When you think of the word perfectionism, you might think of those you know (or maybe yourself) who are anal, OCD, and hard to work with. Perfectionism is when you aren't satisfied until every little detail is up to your standard of "perfect." The problem with this is that perfection is subjective, and our subjective judgment changes from day to day. So while something in your eyes may be perfect today, tomorrow you opinion could completely change. Thank you guys for watching! It's so awesome to see my subscriber base grow. Also let me know what you think of my new style below in the comment sections :). Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Be the first to know about my latest video by signing up to my email list: http://facebook.us16.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=f942e490173f7a5bdbd5cecb3&id=7694111750 Sources: 1. Isaac Newton removes name: https://books.google.com/books?id=Ppv5h4sgAYwC&pg=PA27#v=onepage&q&f=falsez 2. Definition of perfectionism: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/perfectionism 3. Perfectionism correlation with suicide: https://digest.bps.org.uk/2017/07/27/perfectionism-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide-the-most-comprehensive-test-to-date/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23889574 4. Instagram making people feel bad: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/14/perfect-girls-five-women-stories-mental-health
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The Texas Revolution in 3 Minutes
 
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Texas was once a country. Before that a state in Mexico. Before that part of New Spain. And before that claimed by different Native American tribes. How did it become a state of the U.S.? Well it all started with the Texas Revolution. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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Libertarianism in 6 Minutes
 
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Libertarianism is a political movement that is all about creating the maximum amount of economic and social freedom. In the U.S. especially, Libertarians advocate the removal of all but the most necessary taxes to keep society functioning while removing any laws that infringe upon your rights of freedom of choice. In a nut shell you can do whatever you want as long as you do not harm or infringe upon another persons natural rights. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Intro - Phoniks - Got to My Head Main Video - Joakim Karud - Love Mode Sources: Libertarianism in U.S. vs. Europe: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libertarianism#Etymology Democratic/Republican Control of Presidential Debates: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commission_on_Presidential_Debates Why Haven't Other Countries Tried Libertarianism?: http://www.salon.com/2013/06/04/the_question_libertarians_just_cant_answer/ How Free Market Creates Aggressive Coercion: http://www.demos.org/blog/10/28/13/libertarians-are-huge-fans-economic-coercion Easterlin Paradox: https://hbr.org/2016/04/when-economic-growth-doesnt-make-countries-happier
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Noam Chomsky on Manufacturing Consent
 
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Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/
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How WiFi Works in 4 Minutes
 
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Ever think about how WiFi works? How images, videos, and music can fly through the air and miraculously end up on your computer? Check out this short video that explains how WiFi works in 4 minutes! Thanks for watching and please subscribe! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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How to Start a Business for Under $100 in 5 Minutes
 
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Have you been thinking of starting up a business? Many people have this thought and never end up pursuing it because they make excuses. Learn about how to quit making excuses and starting your business now! Enjoy the video and please subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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Why America is Only a Two Party System in 4 Minutes
 
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America is often referred to the land of freedom or of democracy. Is that really the case though? If it were, why do only two political parties with any influence exist? And why has that been the case for nearly the entire history of the U.S.? Watch and find out! If you enjoyed the video please give it a thumbs up and subscribe. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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Globalization: Why Everything is Made in China in 5 Minutes
 
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Remember the opening scene to the amazing Nick Cage movie Lord of War? The one where you follow the life of a bullet from its birth in a factory to its shipment from the Soviet Union to the jungles of Africa? When I watched that I was mesmerized. Almost all of our material goods make a similar journey. From the extraction of raw materials found in the Earth, to their production in a factory most likely somewhere in Asia, to the retail store that you or I can head to down the street. My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: L'indécis - Day by Day Script: The last time you looked at your T-shirt tag you probably noticed that it was made in China, or Bangladesh, or Pakistan, or…wherever - you get the point. But have you stopped to ask yourself why they never say England, or France, or the U.S.? Well as most of us probably know already it has to do with cost. But that’s only part of the story. Awhile back I read an interesting article on NPR that talked about the journey of a t-shirt. In their investigations they found that the cotton for most t-shirts are grown in either China, India or surprisingly the U.S. in places like Texas. If the cotton is grown in the U.S. it is then shipped over 7,000 miles to China or India where the milling process begins which transforms the plant cotton into yarn or sheets. From there it is shipped another 1,800 miles to Bangladesh where it is sewn into shirts by workers who are paid $40 a month in super sketchy conditions. In 2013 for example a factory collapsed and killed 1,100 garment workers. Most popular clothing companies like Gap, Walmart, Target and well pretty much every store you can think of rely heavily on suppliers from this region. When sewn the shirts are shipped another 8,000 miles back to the U.S. where they are delivered to retailers, folded neatly by workers who are paid whatever the minimum wage in your city is and sold for $20 bucks a pop. The estimated miles traveled for any given t-shirt from cotton farm to retail store? About 16,000 miles. $20 bucks for an item that has seen more of the world than you or I have? Not bad. But why does this happen and how is it a viable economic model? During the 19th century the process of industrialization began which was basically the time when everyday household items became easier to make with the use of machines and standardization and allowed the prices of items to decrease making it more affordable for the public to buy. Along with this there was a transportation revolution with the invention of the steam engine making shipping using boats or trains much cheaper. At the same time Europeans were busy conquering the world which had the sometimes very unwanted effect of integrating parts of the world with other parts of the world. But nonetheless it happened and here we are. Because of this more and more nations began to embrace international trade while at the same time vigorously competing with each other to gain economic and military dominance over one another and their colonies. Eventually this competition grew to a tipping point and WWI happened. Then WWII happened. Then the Cold War. Finally after the Cold War when most major government decided to just chill the f*ck out, a period of rapid globalization happened. But it was really after the agreements made by the international community after WWII, that laid the foundation to the kind of globalization that we know and either love or hate or have no opinion about today. Most countries agreed to an international monetary policy which basically has made it easier for countries to trade with each other by eliminating or reducing taxes. This led to other economic agreements between the international community and eventually the World Trade Organization which currently provides a system for countries to make trade agreements with one another. There are also other bilateral agreements between countries – for example the U.S. and South Korea has a Free Trade Agreement which eliminates 95% of taxes or NAFTA between Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. which probably ruined the lives of millions of poor corn farmers in Mexico – but that’s a story for another time.
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Generations: The History of America's Future
 
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The idea of generations is not a new one. But the authors William Strauss and Neil Howe came up with a theory that could potentially allow us to reasonably predict the future. They have detailed the generational history of the U.S. population and found reoccurring rhythmic themes that can be used to look into the future! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Script: Months ago I was listening to an interview with Tony Robbins who said that if he could recommend any book to read he would recommend a book published in 1991 called Generations: The History of America’s Future. Because it was Tony Robbins, and I treat everything he says as gold, I had to read it. In it, the authors William Strauss and Neil Howe argue that there are themes in the past which we can use to make predictions about the course of the future. As skeptical as I was at first, the more I read, the more it seemed to make sense. Many might say that the authors are trying to determine the future of millions of people who have yet to be born. But that isn’t really what they’re talking about. Their book takes a broad look at the generations of people over the past 500 years of U.S. history and has found reoccurring themes in the “personality” of each generation and in how generations follow repeating patterns. They found that there are four reoccurring types of generations, that each generation lasts on average 22 years, and that the four types of generations arrive in the same repeating sequence. By understanding this, we can potentially predict the characteristics of the next generation of people along with probable reactions that generations may have to historical events. The authors make no claim that the future can be determined, but instead state that it is history that makes the generation while simultaneously the generation making history. The first important thing to understand in Howe’s and Strauss’ theory is what they mean by generation. A generation is a cohort of people who have been born over the same time span of around 22 years – or about the length of one phase of life (like the length of childhood, young adulthood, midlife, and old age). Members of a generation share three things in common. 1. they have been born during the same time in history – in other words they have encountered the same key historical events. As a millennial, for example, I witnessed 9/11 during roughly the same time period in my life as all other millennials - childhood And because people are shaped by the events they encounter, this leads us to 2. How they adapt similar beliefs and behaviors. As a reaction to the strong anti-Islamic sentiments after the 9/11 attacks, many of us millennials have reacted in the opposite way as our parents and country’s leaders, showing strong disapproval of generalized anti-Muslim sentiment and instead a more optimistic and open view of Muslims. And because of each generation’s awareness of the traits they share with their peers they 3. have a sense of common perceived membership in that generation. Of course, as a millennial I feel more part of the millennial generation than any other generation. The most recent generations have been the Baby Boomers which began in 1943 and ended in 1960, lasting 23 years. During their formative years some key historical events that the Boomers have encountered is the end of WWII, and the beginning of the Counter-Culture Movement. After the Boomers are the Gen Xers who are made up of people born between 1961 and 1981. After the Gen Xers are, the Millennials born from 1982 to 2004. And most recently the Homeland Generation born from 2005 on. What’s most interesting about the idea about generations of people, is that it is not a new one. In fact some of the past’s greatest thinkers have outlined the idea of a generation in a similar way as Strauss and Howe. Some include Polybius, Ibn Khaldun, and Jose Ortega y Gasset. The pilsopher Lewis Mumford also once said that “Every generation revolts against its fathers and makes friends with its grandfathers.” Which leads us to the next key idea: turnings. As mentioned before, each generation lasts around 22 years and goes through particular historical and social events together. These events are called turnings and just as a generation lasts around 22 years, so do turnings. Turnings happen in a four-stage consecutive cycle and each has been given a particular name. Howe’s and Strauss’ have detailed them in U.S. history from 1435 to the present day. A full cycle of the four turnings lasts between 80-90 years. An easier way to think about a turning is to think of it as kind of like a historical mood or season.
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Why Marijuana is Illegal in 5 Minutes
 
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Ever wonder why Marijuana became illegal in the U.S. in the first place? Watch the video to find out. Please click the link below to subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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How to Get Rich or Die Trying: The 3 Most Important Principles in Becoming Filthy Rich
 
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The secrets to getting rich are kind of common sense - just as the secrets to staying healthy are or doing well in school is. The problem is that most people don't have the system or discipline to reach their dreams of one day being a "1 percenter". Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music Credits: FloFilz - Tilezeit: https://www.facebook.com/flofilz Script: The first book I read about money was Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill. This book changed the way I approached money, yes, but also life. The main idea in it is that you must have a burning desire to get whatever it is you’re after. If that burning desire isn’t there, you are unlikely to persist and remain disciplined over long periods of time or in the face of extreme adversity or failure. Hill states that “thoughts are things and powerful things at that, when they are mixed with definiteness of purpose, persistence, and a burning desire for their translation into riches, or other material objects.” After I embraced this idea, I stopped giving up on the things that I wanted. School, fitness, learning. When you decide you want something and you make the commitment not to give up on it regardless of circumstances, your mindset changes. Before I went to college, I used to be a skinny kid with little strength, muscles or athletic ability. However, one day I woke up and knew I wanted to change this. And using the principle of desire from Think and Grow Rich, I made a commitment to myself to go the gym and muscle up. I never gave up even when my progress seemed slow. However, if you were to look at a picture of me two years later – you’d think you were looking at two different people. You see, having a burning desire is key, and without it I’d never have the persistence to pursue my goals even when I thought I was failing. However is not just enough to desire. Desire is only the first step in the journey toward greatness, wealth or whatever it is you want. The second book I read about money changed the way I thought about how to use that skrill in a way that could benefit me now, but also later. The classic George Clason book, The Richest Man in Babylon, seems so simple, yet most people I know are not aware of its principles. The main idea is that you need to pay yourself first. Most people don’t. They pay other businesses first and sometimes forget to pay themselves at all. What I mean by this is that you spend your time working for a company that pays you for that time and often we use the money that we earn and give it to businesses that make our food, supply us with entertainment, or make our clothes, for example, before we give ourselves that money. Immediately and automatically when you get paid, if you have the burning desire to become the Richest Man in Babylon, you need to set aside a percentage of your hard earned cash and save it for yourself. Clason says in his book, “A part of all I earn is mine to keep. Say it in the morning when you first arise. Say it at noon. Say it at night. Say it each hour of every day. Say it to yourself until the words stand out like letters of fire across the sky.” The last extremely important book on money that I’ve read is by Tony F-ing Robbins. The book? Money: Master the Game. In this book he goes through thousands of details and stories about the principles of how people become wealthy. However it really comes down to one thing. Growth. How can you make your money work for you while you are at the gym? Eating breakfast? Or watching porn? It is a lot simpler than you think. Invest it. And don’t do it through some big advisor. Do it on your own and automate it. The catch? Most people fail at investing because of they don’t systematize it or they lack the discipline to follow their system. The good news is that, as Robbins states, “96% of actively managed mutual funds fail to beat the market over any sustained period of time,” meaning that you can beat 96% of professional investors by doing one simple thing. Take the money that you are going to pay yourself first with and invest it in the U.S. Stock Market every pay period. Don’t know how to invest your money in the stock market? It’s simple. Sign up for an online brokerage like TD Ameritrade and buy the ticker symbol SPY. Bam. You just bought the U.S. Stock Market. All you need to do now is be disciplined enough to follow your system for the next 40 years. Easy right?
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One Minute Buddhism
 
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Buddhism is one of the oldest philosophies in the world and is practiced by millions of people around the world. Enjoy the video! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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The Battle of Gettysburg in 3 Minutes
 
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In history wars are often huge turning points. And within wars – battles often act as turning points that dictate the outcome of those wars. One battle that historians often refer to as the turning point of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg. If the Union had lost this battle, the U.S. might look very different today. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music Credit: Star Wars: Imperial March (Darth Vader's Theme) Remix by Rey
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How the News Manipulates You, Me and Itself in 9 Minutes
 
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The news these days is filled with sensational headlines meant to constantly grab our attention. But why? Shouldn’t the news just be a report on significant events that have an effect on our lives? Why are we flooded with “breaking news,” and trending tweets that don’t matter? Check out The Journey's YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCPalX5tJprIlv7HqjQWP7cA Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Today we're going to be talking about why the news has little to do with the news. There are two events that are covered in the news world – those that happen spontaneously and those that are what the author Daniel Boorstin call “pseudo-events.” Spontaneous events are events that happen by themselves – things like a local Earthquake or terrorist attack – in other words they are rare but important enough that the news will cover them because they are noteworthy enough. Pseudo-events however are planned, man-made, and mostly predictions of probabilities that may or may not occur. They are mostly used in self-interest as a way to grab attention and gain coverage. For example there might be a hotel that wants more business. So they hire a PR firm that tells them to set up a celebration of their 13th anniversary. They form a committee of rich people, plan the event and hire photographers and journalists to report on it. If this were a truly an important event it would all happen on its own. There’d be no need to hire photographers and reporters because they’d be there naturally. In other words the power to make an event reportable is really based on the power to make an experience. A false report like this hotel anniversary affects people’s perception of reality – of what actually is important and what is not. But before the 20th century people didn’t expect exciting news every single day. It was ok if the news was boring or the paper wasn’t even published that day because nothing may have happened that was noteworthy. Nowadays we expect sensational news daily or even hourly. And the journalist is expected to find a story where there is no story. There is increased demand for illusion, which has resulted in a change in how the news is delivered, but also a change in what we expect from the news. The news is now a business and if we didn’t create and implement pseudo-events, thousands would be out of work. Fake news has become the norm and has been propagated even more with the invention of television. TV has made it easy to deliver constant news to millions of people. This has increased the media’s ability to feed its audience content, while at the same time financially supporting itself.
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The Philippine American War in 4 Minutes
 
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After nearly 400 years of being ruled by the Spanish Empire, the Philippines found themselves under the rule of a new colonial power in 1899 - the United States. How did this happen and what were the consequences of the U.S. occupation of the Philippines? Watch and find out! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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7 Proven Benefits of Practicing Mindfulness
 
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What do you think about mindfulness? Are the benefits real? Or is it just another fad? Write your thoughts in the comment section below. -- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/julesy.bulsy/ -- Sources: How Mindfulness Changes Your Brain: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/what-does-mindfulness-meditation-do-to-your-brain/ Mindfulness and the Immune System: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4940234/ Mindfulness and Morality: http://opim.wharton.upenn.edu/risk/library/WPAF2010-07-02_NR%2CMS.pdf Benefits of Mindfulness: http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/07-08/ce-corner.aspx
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Charisma in 3 Minutes
 
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Most of us at some point in time have been around someone we just can’t stand. Recently at work, our boss was fired and a new young guy was hired to replace him. Nice enough guy. But completely unlikeable. All he does all day is tickle his own pickle. You might ask what that even means and I don’t really know. But anyways he’s a micromanager that loves to talk about how great everything he does is. Hopefully he’ll watch this video and learn a thing or two. And hopefully he won’t know it’s me. Get the Book: http://amzn.to/2kO7jOz Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Snares - Ninetythree Some might think that the best way to get people to like you is to become as attractive, interesting, wealthy, and popular as possible. And while there might be some truth to that, likeability is more about how you interact with those around you. Some of the people I like the most in life aren’t rich, aren’t attractive, don’t live particularly interesting lives, and aren’t popular. Instead they take interest in me and my life. So the first thing you can do to get others to like you is to simply take an authentic interest in people. Learn their names and use them. Science has proven that people love to hear the sound of their own names. Ask them about their interests and encourage them to talk about them with you. Don’t over think it. If they express an interest in photography simple ask them their story about how they got into it or what they plan to do with it. The art here is to make the other person feel like you are sincerely interested in what they have to say. This will make the other person feel important. But you also don’t want to overdo it and come off as a weirdo who wants to know every little detail about the other person’s life. Most people like to have some degree of privacy about their personal life and would rather you not pry. When you start taking too much of an interest, this plan might backfire and actually make you less liked than if you took no interest at all. So be careful out there and don’t be a creep. Next. Simply be presentable. Smile and use friendly body language. Dress well and keep yourself groomed. No one likes a smelly person or a person with dirty fingernails, unkept hair, and bad breath. Do yourself a favor and shower daily, brush your teeth and floss. Unless of course you are in a famous hipster band – then do whatever the f*ck you want, because people hate you anyways. Finally be humble. You’d think this goes without saying, but there are a lot of egotistical a**holes out there that don’t understand their lack of humility is a huge part of what makes this world a terrible place. It’s ok to try your best to be right all the time, but you also have to know when you’re wrong. You have to respect the opinions of others even if you disagree with them, if you want others to respect yours. There’s an old poem by Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee Indian tribe that says this best: "So live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Trouble no one about their religion; respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and Its purpose in the service of your people.” Also don’t call people guy or buddy or chief. It’s annoying. Use their f*cking names. So what does this all boil down to? Simple. Don’t be born on the Jersey Shore.
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3 Reasons Why the American Education System is Failing You
 
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The educational system in the U.S. has been far behind the leading pack for a long time. Here are three reasons why. What do you think the solution is? Allocating more of our tax dollars to education? Paying and supporting our teachers more? Changing the way our classrooms are structured? Write what you think below. -- Subscribe to Thought Monkey: https://www.youtube.com/thoughtmonkey/ Connect with me on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/julesy.bulsy/ -- Sources: U.S. Richest Country in the World by GDP: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal) Where our tax dollars go: https://www.cbpp.org/research/federal-budget/policy-basics-where-do-our-federal-tax-dollars-go California Proposition 13: https://www.californiataxdata.com/pdf/Prop13.pdf Education vs. Prison Costs: http://money.cnn.com/infographic/economy/education-vs-prison-costs/
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The Hero's Journey in 5 Minutes
 
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The Hero's Journey is a concept that was developed by Joseph Campbell in his book the Hero with a Thousand Faces. This story arch can be seen in our most popular stories of today and of a thousand years ago. Campbell might argue that this archetypal story arch is embedded within our DNA. Enjoy the video and don't forget to subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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The Persian Wars in 5 Minutes
 
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The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and Persians over two thousand years ago. Their battles originated for many of the same reasons wars happen today - resources, pride, revenge and prejudice. Enjoy the video! Subscribe here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
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Is Gender a Social Construct? in 7 Minutes
 
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Gender is a very touchy subject these days - whether you believe it's a social construct or you don't. Both sides of the argument seem to overlook evidence on the opposing view. In this short video I'll go over some of the main arguments and evidence that both support the idea of gender as a social construct and refute it. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music: Phoniks - No Stress https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pf6p4Inmlm8 Summary: In recent years many social scientists have begun to believe that gender identity is not a stable and fixed trait. They argue that it is socially constructed and can vary over time. Some have even argued that there are more than two genders and have created additional classifications by using terms such as cis-gender, transgender, gender queer, non-binary, gender fluid, agender, etc. Anyways, the two competing ideas about whether gender is a social construct come from the familiar nature vs. nurture debate. In other words, is it our environment that makes us who we are or our biology? Those who say gender is a social construct often argue the following: 1. There are differences in gender norms in different cultures. For example there are subcultures in India that identify three genders. And in Chile some believe you must channel another gender to accomplish certain tasks. The list goes on. According to the academics Candace West and Don Zimmerman gender is “an emergent feature of social situations: both as an outcome of and a rationale for various social arrangements, and as a means of legitimating one of the most fundamental divisions of society" (West & Zimmerman, 1977, p. 126). By the way I looked up Candace West on Rate My Professor and she only got a 2.1 out of 5. Would you eat at a restaurant that got such a low Yelp score? I don’t think so. Old Donny didn’t do much better. 2. Language forms our reality. The words man and woman are simply words to describe certain phenomena, but don’t describe every option or experience of all people in our culture. Phrases like “be a man” or “boys don’t cry” are used to pressure boys into conforming to traditional masculine gender roles while “run like a girl” and other women-centered phrases pressure girls into behaving in a way that is considered traditionally feminine. Others say that gender is a feature of nature, not nurture. They say: 1. Being exposed to testosterone and estrogen will make the way we behave inherently different. For example, there are studies that show male babies and female babies behave differently given different stimulus. Male babies tend to stare longer at mechanic objects while female babies tend to stare longer at faces which may explain why women and men tend to find themselves in different career paths –men often gravitate toward science and engineering while women toward health care and education. 2. The reason some women and men identify as a gender opposite of their sex is because sometimes nature has hiccups. For example some female fetuses are exposed to large quantities of male hormones and develop Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – a fancy term for a disease that may alter the sex organs of people. Also, there are members of the trans-community that believe gender is biological. Some transwomen have stated that while they were brought into this world as men, from the get go they felt biologically that they were women, and thus behaved as a woman. Their argument is that if gender was socially constructed, then as a boy who felt like a girl they would have been socially pressured into feeling like boys. However, despite being socially pressured into feeling like boys these transgender women have always felt like women despite their sex being male. 3. A boy named David Reimar whose circumcision went horribly wrong, was given sex reassignment surgery as a 22 month year old and was raised as a girl named Brenda. Brenda was given girl toys, but always seemed to gravitate toward more traditionally boy toys. Eventually as a teenager she expressed her suicidal thoughts to her parents, and her father told her what had happened. Despite the female hormones and socialized pressures to be a girl, Brenda identified as a male and changed her name back to David when she was 14. Years later David started treatment to reverse the reassignment given to him as a 22 month year old and married a woman. Unfortunately years later after battling with a failed marriage and depression, at 38 years old he killed himself. This shows that despite the social pressures of David’s parents and doctors to identify as a girl – he still felt like a boy.
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One Minute Bushido
 
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Bushido is the ancient code of the Samurai warrior. They either lived by it, or committed ritual suicide in order to regain any lost honor. Enjoy the video and please subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
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Big Pharmaceutical Companies Don’t Want You to Watch This Video and Neither Does Your Grandma
 
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Want to be a drug addict? If you live in the U.S. chances are you probably already are. The U.S. - land of the free, of MTV, and of legal drugs. This might just be what makes America great. A place where our doctors prescribe us pills we don’t need for conditions that don’t exist. It’s a win-win. Big Pharma gets bigger and richer and we get higher or just die. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: FloFilz - Tilezeit The story was different 50 years ago when Jon went down to his dentist’s office to get his wisdom teeth pulled and the doctor gave him aspirin as pain medication. This was a time when young men went to war and women worked their asses off at home to save the country from collapse. Now? We get high, play video games, watch YouTube, and complain when someone doesn’t call us the right gender. And these days if old Jonny boy goes to the dentist and wants some work done it’s dealers choice. Vicodin. Percocet. Codeine. You name it. Whatever company happens to be in bed with your doctor that day. And if you don’t have private insurance that pays for your drugs? No problem. Sign up for Medicaid. You’ll definitely be able to get free drugs through them. First what exactly is the pharmaceutical industry? To make a long story short it’s a business that creates drugs for use as medications. It’s important to note that it’s not a terrible industry. In fact they have made some very important discoveries like insulin which has saved millions of lives or the countless vaccines that have protected us from at one point, very common diseases like measles and hepatitis. The problem is not the idea of pharmaceuticals – drugs are neither good nor bad. They can either be helpful or dangerous depending on their use. The problem with big pharma is that it is literally killing people. And it’s making a profit doing so. And our government is basically encouraging it. You may ask yourself how an industry that it supposed to be providing us medication which is regulated by the Federal Drug Administration – an organization responsible for “protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human…drugs,” is killing us. Let’s first look at the health statistics: • 99% of hydrocodone worldwide use is in the U.S – we know this drug more colloquially as Vicodin (which is just a company that makes hydrocodone). This is a drug that the FDA rates as less dangerous as marijuana but in 2011 caused nearly 100,000 emergency department visits. • The U.S. makes up 5% of the world’s population but consumes 80% of its opioid consumption • On average 40 deaths per day are linked to specifically prescription opioids and over 100,000 deaths per year linked with prescription drugs in general. This is far more deaths than what illegal street drugs cause. • Prescription drugs are now the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S. Ok. You get the point. Prescription drugs are dangerous and they are killing people. But now the question is why are people taking them if they’re so dangerous? The answer lies in the incredible reach of big Pharma. The pharmaceutical industry spends between 30 and 60 billion dollars a year on advertising their miracle drugs. You’ve all seen their ads – blue skies, beautiful couple, trees – having trouble sleeping? Bad knees? Buy our pill and feel like new. And then the 10 second list of possible side effects which always include “and in extreme cases, death.” The folks that regulate these advertisements have a budget of $9 million dollars. Do you really think a $9 million dollar budget is enough to regulate something that is more than 6,000 times that size. This is not a David vs. Goliath story. This is an ant vs. an elephant. Big pharma is also notorious for selling drugs that aren’t approved for certain symptoms – a practice called Off-Label Promotion. For example your doctor might prescribe you an antidepressant because she or he believes it will help your migraines. This practice is at times is legal and at others illegal. If illegal you will learn shortly that the fine usually is smaller than the profit these companies make. Big pharma might just consider it another tax of doing business. And yes it has in some cases caused death. There is also the idea that big Pharma creates new illnesses and solves them with their pills. Sounds like a conspiracy theory, right? But actually it makes a lot of sense and you’ve probably seen an ad that talks about some made up illness and a pill to fix it without thinking twice. For example restless leg syndrome. Is that really an illness?
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Trees in 4 Minutes
 
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Years ago I went on a solo backpacking trip through Big Sur. It was during a time in the year when there were few other people to see or hear. When I got to camp, I was surrounded by the forest. It was just me and this vast surrounding living organism. All I heard was the wind blowing through the trees, the birds chirping in the distance, and the constant sound of the flowing river. I didn’t feel like I belonged. I felt like an outsider. I felt in a way like the forest was alive talking to itself, and I was there in its way. Since that trip I’ve always wondered if there was more to the forest, to the trees than I knew. Get the Book - The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate—Discoveries from a Secret World : http://amzn.to/2kXajoC Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Nujabes – Prayer Script: Last year a man named Peter Wohlleben wrote a book about trees. Thrilling stuff, huh? Well actually it turned out to be pretty thought inspiring. The book? The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate – Discoveries from a Secret World. Wohlleben worked as forester somewhere in Germany who one day 20 years ago woke up to the fact that trees are just more than lumber. This change happened when he was working with tourists who seemed to always find the most crooked and gnarled trees to be most interesting, which he previously dismissed because they were essentially worthless. This reminds me of the Taoist idea that a crooked tree, which is useless for timber, will live long, while on the other hand the lives of the trees that are useful to people are cut short. After Wohlleben’s realization he began studying the forest and working toward making the lumber plantation he was working on more natural and wild with much success. Through his research Wohlleben’s findings suggest that trees have a much more sophisticated way of life than we may imagine. First trees live in communities, much like how humans do. One day Wohlleben was walking around the forest and found the remains of an ancient tree stump that had been cut down several hundred years ago. But the thing was, it wasn’t dead. The surrounding trees had been providing nutrients to it in order for it to survive. You see, there are advantages for trees to work in communities – together they can create their own local climate to protect themselves from the wind and weather – in such a protected environment where trees are moderating extreme heat and cold, and storing water thus creating humidity, trees can live to be hundred if not thousands of years old. But to do this, trees have to work together and reciprocate their needs, much like human friends do. Trees also communicate with one another. Decades ago in the African savannah, giraffes began eating the leaves of the iconic acacia trees which we all probably know best from the Lion King. Anyways, the trees didn’t like this very much and very quickly began releasing the chemical ethylene into the air to warn their nearby friends. Immediately, all the surrounding trees followed suit and the giraffes moved on. The same thing happens in nearly all forests and tree communities. This is not the only way trees communicate with one another. They also use something called the “Wood Wide Web” - an underground fungal network that is yet to be completely understood which trees use to send warning signals to one another about droughts, insects and other dangers. One of these networks in Oregon is estimated to weigh 660 tons, to cover 2,000 acres, and is 2,400 years old. The relationship is also reciprocal – while the fungus provides trees with much needed nutrients and protect them from harmful fungi and bacteria, trees provide the fungus with sugar and other nutrients. So, what do you think? Do trees have feelings? Comment below and if you’re interested in the topic, pick up a copy of Wohlleben’s book by clicking the link below.
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Why 2 Million People in the U.S. are Homeless in 377 Seconds
 
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Homelessness is getting worse in the U.S. But why? Is it the escalating housing prices? Or is it something else? Get the book and read more about Tom and Dr. Seagar's story: http://amzn.to/2j4w7lF -- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ -- Music Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode -- Sources: Number of homeless in U.S.: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/How_Many.html Number of homeless with mental disease: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/Mental_Illness.pdf Number of homeless with substance abuse issues: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/addiction.pdf Number of homeless because of economic reasons: https://endhomelessness.atavist.com/mayorsreport2016 Chronic homelessness definition: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/DefiningChronicHomeless.pdf Percent of mentally ill and substance abuse that recover: [7] https://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/advisory-boards-and-groups/namhc/index.shtml Ancient greek diagnosis of mentally ill: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/01/diagnosing-mental-illness-in-ancient-greece-and-rome/282856/ Mass murderers often are mentally ill: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-forensic-files/201404/seven-myths-mass-murder Life expectancy of mentally ill: https://www.nhs.uk/news/lifestyle-and-exercise/homeless-die-30-years-younger-than-average/ Likelihood of a homeless person being assaulted: https://www.crisis.org.uk/ending-homelessness/homelessness-knowledge-hub/types-of-homelessness/its-no-life-at-all-2016/ Many homeless people in prisons: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/06/americas-largest-mental-hospital-is-a-jail/395012/&sa=D&ust=1512009172947000&usg=AFQjCNHC75Izveq4fAc0yVoQhw5gEqKfCw Housing and providing treatment for homeless is cheaper than keeping them on the streets: http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/02/housing-first-solution-to-homelessness-utah/
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Are You a Racist or a Perceptionist?
 
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Jamie Foxx explains the difference between a racist and a "perceptionist" on the Joe Rogan Podcast. Most importantly he makes the distinction between the idea that many liberals believe that all people who voted for Trump are racists when the reality is that many are just "perceptionists." A perceptionist is someone who has deeply ingrained beliefs about the way certain people are. We are all victims of perception. And i believe that one of life's tasks is to become aware of this bias that blinds all of us into thinking things are the way we think they are because of our deep and often unconscious beliefs. Somewhere in our individual histories we "learn" stuff that the world "teaches" us. A lot of this stuff is wrong and we end up being ignorant our whole lives. In this way it's up to us to unlearn what we've "learned." In this case Jamie shows us that even though we know that there are good black pilots out there, we still hold the perception that a silver foxed white man is more trustworthy as a good pilot than a black man. Obviously the truth can only be known if we look at each pilot's experience and flight history. But this is almost always overlooked. And I'm sure there will be plenty of examples of this in the comment section below :). Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/
Просмотров: 7666 Thought Monkey
The History of Tattoos in 3 Minutes
 
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Learn about the history of tattoos in this short animated video. Nearly every culture on Earth has participated in the act of tattooing the human body and just as it is seen as a taboo by some today, it has been deemed unlawful or unchristian by some in the past. Thank you for watching! Please subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg
Просмотров: 15087 Thought Monkey
Why We Believe What We Believe in 4 Minutes
 
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There are a lot of different thoughts on why we believe what we believe. Some says it's due to our biology, others due to how we were raised, and even some that might say it is our destiny to believe whatever it is we believe. But if you look at it geographically, it's interesting to think about the predictability about a persons belief system based on their geographical upbringing. If you liked the video please give it a thumbs up and subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credit: Gorila - Akaido https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Gj-yyJHYoQ Script: Have you ever stopped to think why you believe what you believe? Well if you’re like me, you think about that shit every day and it gets kind of annoying. Anyways, when I was younger, I blindly believed whatever it was I was taught by my parents and teachers – which is something most of us do and that scientists have found is in our biology. I never stopped to think I might be wrong, or that another person’s view might be right. It was only after being introduced to the ideas of eastern philosophy and religion, and meeting various Christians and Muslims that my mind started to open to the possibility that my rigidly held beliefs might be wrong. Thought Monkey here. Today we’ll explore the why of our beliefs. Not why they are right or wrong, but why we believe them in the first place. Weeks ago I was listening to the Joe Rogan podcast and an interesting idea popped up in the discussion that Rogan was having with his guest. It was the idea that most people believe what they believe based on the geography of where they grew up. So for example if you grow up in a particular part of India, nine times out of ten you’ll believe whatever beliefs that the people in that part of India believe. Likewise if you grow up along the Bible belt of the United States south, you are more likely to practice a form of evangelical Protestantism than a person who grew up in the ultra-progressive Bay Area of California. The same could be said of any kind of beliefs, whether religious, political, or simply your beliefs about what you should eat for breakfast or when you should drop the kids off at the pool. While our biology craves belief – as without it we’d lose our sense of belongingness –our beliefs largely come from our environment. You see it is the combination between our biology and geography that largely dictate what we believe. And it is often only through exposure to different beliefs that one can start to think about changing her or his own beliefs. So when you or I say or think that this person is wrong or crazy because he or she believes in something called Allah, she or he might be thinking the same thing about us and our beliefs. It is only when you can understand that people believe what they believe based on their experiences in life which largely come from the places they grew up, that you can start to accept the fact that you too are a product of your experiences and your geography - which is probably why you believe what you believe. In the west where objectiveness is highly valued, we often feel we are more logical than other places in the world. Despite this, something we all do, whether from the western world or not, is engage in bias. Bias is easy to understand, but hard to perceive in ourselves. It’s an assumption, belief, conclusion, decision, or emotion that changes our perception and limits our choices for responding to an experience. There are at least 75 types of biases that psychologists have studied. One of the most common is something called confirmation bias which is when we find evidence that support our beliefs while discounting any evidence that goes against our beliefs. You can see this is modern day politics where many republicans around the U.S. have refused to believe that climate change is actually happening despite the overwhelming amount of evidence that supports such a view and the fact that 99% of scientists agree with that belief and the fact that the east coast of Florida is slowly disappearing into the ocean. There is some evidence that shows that one reason we may stick with our beliefs is that we have to consume extra energy to rewire the neurons in our brains when we change that way we think. In other words – those who refuse to change their beliefs – may make that choice simply out of neurological laziness. So it seems that our beliefs start with our biology, develop due to our geography, and stay put because of laziness or maybe even fear. Life is short though. Why spend all your time thinking about beliefs or trying to rewire your brain just to change your beliefs? Just go out and do you. Your beliefs really only affect you and the other people living on this planet. Oh and probably the planet too. No biggie – just live baby.
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Confirmation Bias in 5 Minutes
 
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Confirmation Bias is part of human nature. We all are susceptible to it. But why is it such a universal human condition? And what can we do to move beyond it? ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Music Credits: Intro - Phoniks - Got to My Head Main Video - Joakim Karud - Love Mode ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sources: 1. Rider and Elephant Metaphor: The Righteous Mind by Jonathon Haidt 2. Everyone is affected by Confirmation Bias: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2129319-liberals-are-no-strangers-to-confirmation-bias-after-all/ 3. How our mind takes shortcuts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bq_xYSOZrgU 4. Kathleen White on how C02 is good for the environment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xykBJLfxDFI 5. Kathleen White's credentials: https://www.desmogblog.com/kathleen-hartnett-white
Просмотров: 18828 Thought Monkey
Why Inspiration is so Inspiring in 4 Minutes
 
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Ever wonder why you feel so inspired after listening to or reading a quotation? Inspiration is built into our DNA. But how does it work? Why does it exist? Watch and find out. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
Просмотров: 3274 Thought Monkey
One Minute Hinduism
 
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Hinduism is a complex religion! In fact many Hindus wouldn't even consider it a religion, but more of a culture or way of life. Enjoy the video and give it a thumbs up if you like it! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/
Просмотров: 4114 Thought Monkey
Guns, Germs and Steel: Why Europeans Came to Dominate the World in 7 Minutes
 
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Three hundred years ago something big happened. The western world began to look at the world with new scientific eyes. There was a problem with this, though. As scientists began to classify the world into different categories, they also began to divide the human species into sub-species. Because of this an authoritative justification of slavery and colonialism happened. People have suffered because of this for over three hundred years. And while many people back in the day argue that the dominance of Europeans was because its race was “superior” to those of Africa, China, the Americans, etc. The truth is that their power really came from luck. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Script: In 1997 a man named Jared Diamond published a book called Guns, Germs, and Steel. The book was inspired by a question that a New Guinean man named Yali asked him. One day Yali asked Diamond, “why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” Diamond spends his book answering this question. He details evidence that points to the environment rather than biological differences between different groups of people, for their success. He goes back over 13,000 years to discover why the west rather than the east, Africa, or the Native Americans, have dominated the world. The argument he points to is the European dominance is a result of opportunity and necessity rather than any kind of particular ingenuity. That there was a chain of events that led them to the position they are in. If we go back far enough into history we can look at these developments. The road to such inequality began when people stopped being hunter-gatherers and started farming. When this happens, people don’t have to spend all their time looking for food to eat and instead can plant, harvest, and store a surplus of food. With enough food stored, people can have free time and do stuff like build cities, develop states, and consolidate those states into empires. It’s not quite as easy as it sounds, however. A number of factors must be in your favor in order to make the transition from hunting-gathering to farming. First you have to have crops that are high in nutrients which can also be stored. And you need a climate that is dry enough that will allow storage. You also need animals that can be domesticated by humans and used to help with the farming process. When you have control of these things, you can make extra food which can be used to feed lots of people who can grow the population, learn other things, and innovate socially and technologically. At this point societies start to become hierarchical and political structures develop that lead to nations being built. Another key in explaining that dominance of Europe is disease. And animal domestication had a lot to do with this. Many of the diseases that have wiped out enormous populations in Europe and Asia are a consequence of people living in close proximity with animals. Diseases like smallpox, measles, and influenza all come from living close to animals. Over hundreds of years exposure to these diseases have allowed Eurasians to develop resistances toward them. As they traveled they also took these diseases wherever they went – and when they came into contact with people who have never been exposed to them, the deaths of millions resulted. Europeans were able to adopt the animals and plants of Southwest Asia, and their agricultural techniques over thousands of years ago. By 1000 CE pretty much all of Europe had adopted the plants and methods of Southwest Asia. Because societies in Eurasia were able to produce a crop surplus and develop cities, people were able to specialize in skills outside of basic survival. People like craftsmen and scribes made Eurasian societies grow economically and technologically much faster than hunter-gatherers. These advantages eventually led the people of one part of Eurasia – Europe – to conquer the world using technological advances like guns and steel. Even today as the world has entered a more globalized era, the difference in wealth and power is huge between people who have descended from western Europeans and everyone else. In fact if you look at a list of the richest people in the world, the majority are people who have descended from western Europeans. Most of us don’t stop to think about it, but the consequences of geographical and environmental luck have had a lasting impact on each and every one of our lives today.
Просмотров: 23641 Thought Monkey
How it Feels to Be Rich in 4 Minutes
 
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Most of us at some point want to be rich and the reason that is is because money allows us power, freedom, and security which we think is ultimately what will give us happiness. But have you ever thought about how it might really feel? Why do so many people who win the lottery find themselves just as unhappy and sometimes even worse off than before? If you enjoyed the video please give it a thumbs up and subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
Просмотров: 10487 Thought Monkey
As a Man Thinketh: The Power of Positive Thinking in 3 Minutes
 
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Tony Robbins is one of those self-help gurus, but unlike most of them he seems to actually care. One of his favorite books is called As a Man Thinketh, which I picked up recently. Its short but certainly sweet. Check out its main principles in this episode brought to you by Thought Monkey! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
Просмотров: 2145 Thought Monkey
Why Bad Food Taste so Good in 4 Minutes
 
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Food is all around us, but some foods taste better than other foods. Why is it that so often the foods that are worst for us make us feel so good in the short run, but cause so many problems in the long run? Watch the video to find out! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/
Просмотров: 2734 Thought Monkey
Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
 
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We come across ideas all the time. But there are only a few that stick with us. Why do some of the ideas we encounter stick and others simply fade away? -- Get the book 'Made to Stick': http://amzn.to/2CcM4LD Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ -- Music Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode -- Sources: Made to Stick by Chip and Dan Heath
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