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Existentialism in 3 Minutes
 
03:17
A few months ago a subscriber suggested I make a video on existentialism, so here it is! Existentialism is a European philosophy from the mid 19th and 20th centuries, which attempts to answer the questions humans have attemped to ask and answer for thousands of years: what is the purpose of life. Many believe, due to mainstream thinking, that the existentialist believes there is no purpose to our lives, but that is actually wrong - they would say our purpose is to create and cultivate our purpose. If you liked the video please hit the thumbs up button and subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: Artist - Rey. Song - Howl: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WlttLXkSklw Script: Existentialism is a European philosophy that began in the mid-19th and 20th centuries and became popular following the horrific years of WWII, when many began to doubt the traditional idea of a moral deity based on the terrifying atrocities committed during the war. The first philosopher to have actually identified as an existentialist is probably Jean-Paul Sartre who said that “what all existentialists have in common is the fundamental doctrine that existence precedes essence." What he means by this is that we are all born without any kind of collective purpose. We are born independent individuals rather than the labels, stereotypes, etc. that society or our family or whoever, decide to put on us. Our purpose or essence as Sartre describes is not what others place on to us, but instead ours to create through our own consciousness. The misconception here is that one might think they can define themselves as whatever they want, and thus be whatever they want. But the reality is that while we may believe we are of a certain essence, we are in fact defined by our actions, and are responsible for them. So if a person believes they are kind, but acts cruelly, the existentialist will then define that person by their act, as cruel. Sartre states that “man first of all exists, encounters himself, surges us in the world –and defines himself afterwards.” Another key idea in existentialism is the idea of the absurd. The absurd is the idea that the world is meaningless and in its meaninglessness the whole “bad things don’t happen to good people” flies out the window. In fact there is no such thing as a bad or good person or a bad or good situation. What happens, just simply happens. We are born into a world where our actions lack any coherent purpose, a world in which we are searching for meaning in a meaningless world. In contrast to what most of us think, Sartre believed that the amount of freedom we have is horrifying. The fact that the world is meaningless means that there are no guidelines or moral code to live by. The best thing to do he states is to live authentically. By this he means that one has to create him or herself based on their true self – rather than the external pressures of the world - and then live accordingly. In today’s world this might mean acting in opposition to the idea that we should grow up, go to college, find a good job, start a family, buy a house, send your kids to college, and then retire – something that many of us are often pressured to do by our society, teachers, parents, and even government. Again in existentialism only you can assign meaning to your life. The only wrong thing you can do is to live in-authentically, against your own essence.
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Introverts vs Extroverts in 5 Minutes
 
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If you’re an introvert someone at some point in time has probably asked you what’s wrong? Are you feeling ok? Why are you so quiet? And you silently in your head want to politely say: Would you please SHUT THE F*CK UP? But instead you end up saying the same thing you always say: Nothings wrong. Yes I’m fine. Or I didn’t realize I was being so quiet. Get the Book - Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking: http://amzn.to/2l8QsVM Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Mad Smoky – Autumn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdCFpA4H3OU Script: The terms introvert and extrovert come from the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung. But our current understanding of the idea comes more from the German psychologist Hans Eysenck. The idea can be thought of as a spectrum. On one side you have the extreme extrovert that is super outgoing, talkative, and energetic while on the other you have the extreme introvert who is very reserved and solitary. Most of us lie somewhere on this spectrum, and some of us even lie in the middle and would be considered an ambivert. Ambiverts get the best of both worlds and have been scientifically shown to be better sales people than both extroverts and introverts, but that’s beside the point. Some people mistake an introverted person as a shy person. But the two are actually unrelated. Shyness is a fear of social judgment. While introversion is simply how one responds to stimulation – whether social or not. Introverts simply feel more alive in quiet, low key environments. Part of this has to do with science. First, all humans have something called an Ascending Reticular Activating System which is part of the brain stem that regulates how much stimulation we need to feel good. You see, your brain wants to feel good and needs a certain amount of stimulation in order to reach a happy point. While introverts already have a lot of stimulation going on in their brains, they don’t need as much external stimulation to get to that happy point. The opposite is true of extroverts who have less stimulation going on in their brains and thus need more external stimulation to reach their happy point. Second, our personality traits are linked to our genetics to an extent. There are studies that show that extroverts share two copies of one allele that introverts lack. Third, brain scans of both show that introverts have a thicker frontal lobe than extroverts which is linked to a tendency toward deep thought and planning over impulsive action, but are also linked to anxiety and depression. Finally, in another study in which extroverts and introverts were asked to look at photos of people, the brains of extroverts responded more strongly when seeing groups of people in photos, implying that introverts don’t need as much social connection to feel good. The book by Susan Cain, Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking explains how our society is structured for extroverts, and how that might limit the creative progress of it. You see Cain found that a third to half of the population are introverts, but if you look at schools or the work place, nearly all people are expected to work cooperatively in groups and the leaders that emerge are generally the most outspoken and extroverted. And while this happen frequently the research shows introverts may be better leaders due to their careful and thoughtful consideration of ideas and their ability to allow those they lead to feel more autonomous. Some introverted leaders in history include Abraham Lincoln, Ghandi, and Rosa Parks. Cain also says that solitude is a crucial ingredient to creativity. In fact Charles Darwin is famous for turning down dinner invitations and taking long walks by himself in the woods. You can also see this in most world belief systems – where the likes of the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad all go off on a solo journey, finding wisdom, and return with a message. Sounds like the Hero’s Journey huh? The fact is, is that there are zero correlations between being the best talker and having the best ideas. But our society is structured so that the best talker usually becomes the leader. How did this happen?
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The Federal Fund Rate in 4 Minutes
 
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"The Federal Fund Rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions lend reserve balances to other depository institutions overnight, on an uncollateralized basis.” What the f*ck? Yeah. I don’t get it either. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: George Fields - Understand Script: Ok. First what is an interest rate? An interest rate is a percent of a loan that is given out which is charged to the person or institution borrowing money. So for example if Bob wants to buy a house and takes out a loan of 100,000 dollars from Wells Fargo Bank, Wells Fargo may charge him an extra 5% of that $100,000 dollars to take the loan out - meaning that Bob actually owes the bank $105,000. The federal interest rate – also known as the federal fund rate – is the interest rate that banks charge each other for taking out overnight loans to meet their reserve requirement. The reserve requirement is something made by the Fed that tells banks how much money they have to keep in their reserves. It’s usually about 10% of all deposits that bank customers make. So for every $100 dollars you deposit into your Bank of America account, B-of-A must only hold on to $10 dollars of it. What happens to the other $90? This is how banks make their money. They lend that money out to customers who may be looking for a new house, tuition for college, a new car or even to other banks and sometimes even to the government. Of course they charge interest rates on the money that you’ve given to them to lend out and they make money on your money. So what happens when a bunch of customers go to the bank and want a lot of money and the bank doesn’t have enough in its reserves to give it out? Well, when this happens banks can borrow money from the Fed or other banks that hold their reserves at the Fed. If the borrowing bank borrows from the Fed they are charged something called the discount rate - which is the same thing as an interest rate. If the borrowing bank borrows from another bank that keeps its money at the Fed it’s called the Federal Funds Rate – again the same thing as an interest rate. So let’s say Wells Fargo runs out of money today because so many of its customers want to buy the new Call of Duty game that came out. Wells Fargo then will borrow money from another bank, say Bank of America, and be charged whatever the Federal Funds Rate is. Theoretically Wells Fargo will have to pay B-of-A back at the given interest rate. So what happens when the Fed raises or lowers its rates? You hear about this in the news all the time and see news anchors freaking out about it on the regular. But why? When the Fed raises its rates it’s usually because it’s afraid of inflation – which is when prices increase while the value of money decreases. For example let’s say a pack of gum costs $1 today but inflation is occurring at 10% annually. In one year that same pack of gum will cost $1.10. You see, after inflation your dollar can’t buy the same pack of gum. Some may think that when the Fed raises its rates it has a direct effect on the stock market. But that’s not the case. The rate simply makes it more expensive for banks to borrow money from the Fed or from each other. Of course, this creates a ripple effect which influences businesses, people and the stock market. Banks will now charge people more to borrow money – so for example mortgages and car loans become more expensive – which decreases the amount of money people have and affects businesses because people will spend less of their hard earned dough. Businesses are affected similarly – borrowing money becomes more expensive and limits business’ potential growth. Further down the ripple the stock market is also affected. When companies are seen as cutting back on its growth spending or are making less profit their stock prices generally drop. If enough companies experience this kind of decline then the entire stock market will go down.
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The Cost of College in 4 Minutes
 
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Why College is so Expensive: I’m a lucky guy. I didn’t do so well in high school and didn’t meet the requirements to go to university right off the bat. Instead, I went to Community College, lived at home, worked a part time job, and saved a sh*t load of money. Afterwards I went to a public University and saved even more money. I graduated during a huge recession without debt thanks to my privileged circumstances which allowed me to think less about the money I’d earn after college and more about my interests. That being said, tuition to even state Universities has increased dramatically since I graduated - making the once realistic American dream seem a distant memory for many of us youngsters. Music: Mono:Massive - Attila My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Just how expensive is college? The website Collegedata.com states that one year at a public University will cost on average roughly $25,000 while at a private University it will cost $50,000. This hasn’t always been the case. From 1984 to 2014 tuition for public universities has increased 225%. And to make matters more daunting, only 19% of students actually graduate at a “4” year university within 4 years – making the majority graduating within 5 or 6 years. And while tuition goes up and it takes longer for students to graduate, on average it takes longer for college grads to earn back what they’ve spent on tuition which on average is at 36 years old. Moreover college grads has been earning less and less over the past 10 years while the cost of college is skyrocketing. But why? High education is just like a business. In fact some say that the U.S. Department of Education makes $15 billion dollars in profit from student loans every year. If students stopped taking out loans and going to college, our economy might just collapse. Universities want to attract students, just like businesses want to attract customers. To do this need to hire the best professors who can conduct research in the most up to date and technologically advanced labs. This is not cheap. The average salary for a professor is $100,000. A lab? Probably a lot more expensive than that. Universities also need to have beautifully built campuses. Again not cheap. Not only do the buildings need to be architecturally aesthetic, but the grounds need to be taken care of and the buildings maintained. Universities also must have attractive amenities like career services, health centers, and even psychiatric availability. All of this costs a sh*t load of money and creates a load of competition between the universities. Consider it like an arms race education style. But that’s not all. In order to pay for such expenses, universities create high tuition and use financial aid to help those who can’t afford it on their own and take as much as possible to those that can afford it. This is called the Bennett Hypothesis – our government provides loans and financial aid to students, and colleges get their money whether it’s from students who take out loans, get financial aid, or can pay for it out of pocket. If schools know that students have more money to spend, they can raise tuition, and make their campuses more attractive to potential students, which causes more competition between schools. So when the government is providing subsidies for its citizens to go to college –there is more demand for education now that more and more people can afford to go to college – and this in turn encourages colleges to charge more for education and they can increase their marketability by spending that money on professors, campus beautification or improved amenities. The real question however is - is college worth it? That I cannot answer. But I will say that going to college has made me widen my perspective and allowed me to pursue ideas that I probably wouldn’t have if I had not gone. College is about your education and an investment that will last you a lifetime. The only answer I can give you is to think about what you are passionate about and do it. If you don’t need a college degree to pursue your passion, don’t go. But if you think college will enrich your life and help you obtain mastery in your passion, then go.
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Utilitarianism in 4 Minutes
 
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What if instead of providing homeless shelters, food, and work programs for all homeless people around the country, we murdered them and harvested their organs so that we could save the lives of thousands of hard working people who needed organ transplants? Haha - just kidding. But many think that this is what the idea of utilitarianism is all about - doing actions that have a consequence that will do the most good for the most people – in this case taking organs from people who do little for their community and giving them to people who do much for their community. But it’s not quite as simple as organ stealing as you might think. My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Snares - Circuit In the mid-18th century the philosopher and statesman Jeremy Bentham was born in England. This guy was straight up hippie for his time. He believed in freedom of speech, abolition of slavery, women’s rights, gay rights - I mean this is stuff that some people don’t even believe in today. He also founded the idea of utilitarianism - the main principle being that “the right action is the one that produces the most overall happiness.” But here’s where the misunderstandings come in. First we have to define what Bentham and other utilitarian’s consider happiness or pleasure. Some might think that this means they can watch porn, smoke weed, and eat Oreos all day. But that would be wrong. You see the utilitarianism people have distinguished two types of pleasure. A higher pleasure - related to our intellect and a lower pleasure - related to our senses. You see it is not just how much pleasure we receive, but the quality of it as well – kind of like anything in life. 10 ok cookies might not be as yummy as 1 extremely f*cking delicious cookie. In utilitarianism the delicious cookie is intellectual pleasure, and is more highly valued than physical pleasure – the ok cookie. So if you’re thinking about watching porn, try reading a book about Particle Physics or Paleomagnetism instead. At the same time our happiness is not just a selfish individual kind of happiness, but rather communal. Everyone’s happiness counts the same and there is no room for prejudice or discrimination – it is the total amount of happiness that the masses has that counts. Think of it like this – the action that you do that gives the most amount of people happiness is the best action you can do – which might mean you actually make sacrifices to your happiness in order to make others happy. So to put it into mathematical terms it might look like total amount of happiness in all people + the right action to get the most amount of people happy = utilitarianism. But there are problems to this idea. First, we don’t all agree on what makes us happy. For one person, it might mean having a loving family, for another it might mean playing World of Warcraft all day long, and for another it might mean living in a cave somewhere in India. The second problem is after miraculously coming up with a consensus as to what happiness is it’s even harder to figure out what the right action is to arrive at such happiness. There is a famous thought experiment that goes something like this. There is a train speeding down the railroad. There is a switch up ahead. On one side you have five people tied to the tracks and on the other you have one person tied down. You are in a position to switch the track so the train runs over the one person rather than the five people. Would you do it? The utilitarian would perform the action that creates the most amount of happiness and would switch the track. One life taken is better than five, right? But what if that one guy was a philanthropic humanitarian and the other five were just a**holes? Well, sh*t then you might have some disagreements. Could you reform the douchebags to become better people so that they could do more good than the one guy? Or maybe after this experience the one good guy becomes an a**hole because he realizes that in spite of his good guyness he still was tied down to a train for some unknown reason and now wants to start living for himself.
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Your Internal Monologue: Why People Talk to Themselves in 3 Minutes
 
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Do you ever talk to yourself? Yeah, me too. This is called your inner voice or sometimes your internal monologue. Ever wonder why? Well psychologists from Lev Vygostky to modern professors have been studying this for years. Watch the video to learn what we know about why you talk to yourself. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Dope Violin & Trumpet Beat - Diract Beats https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=voig7MmtF5A Script: Have you ever been talking to yourself when a friend walks in the room? Yeah, super awkward. But why? Everyone talks to themselves. Whether it’s out loud or just in their head. When I’m on super long road trips I usually end up having a full on conversation with myself. Or if other people are around, the conversation just simply moves into my head. Scientists call this our internal monologue or sometimes refer to it as our inner voice. It’s so weird, because not only are we constantly having silent conversations with ourselves, but it often feels like we can actually hear our conversations out loud even though it’s happening in our heads. Since the dawn of the study of psychology, psychologists have been studying our inner voice. The Soviet psychologist Lev Vygostky believed that our inner voice occurred because of the internalization of external speech. So for example when you hear yourself or another speak out loud, you internalize the sound of it and recreate the sounds you’ve perceived in your mind. That’s why your inner voice sounds like your voice and when you are thinking about what your mom might say to you after doing another bump of Chuck Norriss, you recreate the sound of her nagging voice asking you why you haven’t settled down with a nice girl and gotten married yet. You see, scientists have found through neurological experiments that the same part of brain used when we talk out loud is used when we are using our inner voice. This is called Broca’s area – and you guessed it, it’s named after the scientist who discovered the link between speech and that part of the brain. And as we use Broca’s area, simultaneously we are using the same muscles in our throat that we use just before we make sound come out of our mouths – the Larynx. Wonder where that word came from? Well, look it up ‘cause I have no idea. Anyways, almost everyone talks to themselves. For many years, some professor at the University of Las Vegas studied this shit and found that while it is still unclear as to why exactly we have an inner voice, we almost all do. Of course there are exceptions such as some dyslexic and deaf people who both report having an inner voice that is made up of mostly visual pictures or symbols rather than sounds like normal people do. And by normal I don’t mean that dyslexic and deaf people are abnormal, rather that – well no I guess that’s what I’m saying. Speaking of abnormal people, those who have auditory hallucinations probably think they are hearing voices due to the fact that their inner speech may just be not recognized by them as self-produced. The evidence shows that the same parts of the brain that are active during inner speech are active during auditory hallucinations. In a 2012 Finish study, it was found that during auditory hallucinations, the part of the brain that is tied to self-awareness is less active, meaning that auditory hallucinations might be a result of hearing one’s own inner speech without being self-aware that they are having inner speech. Ok. But why do we talk to ourselves? Well I hate to break it to you, but the answer to that isn’t quite known. It might be an evolutionary step as our inner voices actually help us with tasks. For example chess players whose inner voices are suppressed aren’t able to perform as well as those whose inner voices aren’t interrupted. You may experience this when a person is talking to you while you are in the middle of a project. While out of politeness you may continue to converse with the person, you silently want to cuss them out because you just f’ed up the Lego Star Wars Sandcrawler that you had been working on for hours. Our inner voice can also act as a motivator and help us overcome difficult situations by urging us to strive on and not give up. However, it can be just as damaging as helpful. Many describe their inner voice to be nasty or cruel. We’ve all been there. But you, know, don’t let it get you down.
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How Corporations Became so Powerful in 6 Minutes
 
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We live in a democracy right? Well kind of. Learn how corporations became so powerful and why they became so interconnected with our government undermining our democratic system. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Soul Chef – Blind Man See https://www.youtube.com/user/soulchefmusic Script: Go to any city, any town, any rest stop in America and you’re bound to find the same old shopping centers with the same stores and the same gas stations and the same fast food as any other city. How did just a few companies gain monopoly over the entire country? You know which companies I’m talking about – the Coca Cola’s, the Shell’s, the Comcasts, you name it. First a little bit of background about what a corporation is. The word corporation comes from the Latin word corpus which means body of people. In fact in ancient Roman law, corporate entities were recognized and even given protection under the law. Similarly today, by definition a corporation is simply a group of people who have been authorized by law to act as a single legal entity. And while most of the time we use the word corporate negatively, corporations are not innately bad. They can be bad or good just like people. However, over the past 100 years corporations have gained certain legal rights that have allowed them to gain more and more power. Again – some may use their power responsibly for good, while others recklessly for bad. Think Google vs. Exxon-Mobile. Corporations today are super powerful for a number of reasons. First Corporations are allowed to create Political Action Committees or PACs for short, which are basically organizations that pool money from members and donate those funds to campaign for or against candidates, ballot initiatives or legislation. For example AT&T donated nearly $3 million dollars during the 2016 campaign cycle on funding the campaigns of possible representatives they believed would put out legislation in AT&Ts best interest. Second corporations tend to spend a lot of money on lobbying in Washington in the hopes of influencing politicians on a particular issue. For example the oil company Exxon-Mobile has spent over $200 million dollars alone over the past 20 years on lobbying. Just in 2008 the company spent over $29 million dollars in an effort to defeat legislation that addressed climate change. Not only do corporations donate millions of dollars to the politicians they know will act in their best interest, or spend hundreds of millions of dollars on expert influencers to try and get those politicians to sign or block legislation that will help or hurt their companies, but they also employ many “revolvers” or people who were at one time government employees that now work for corporations – strengthening the connection between corporations and government further. Of the 29 registered lobbyists that work for Exxon-Mobile, 22 of them have at one time been government employees. You get the point. Of course Exxon is just one example out of many – I don’t know why I’m ragging on Exxon, but I am – if you happen to be the CEO please don’t come after me, I’m just using you as an example. Anyways the point is corporations and the government is tightly wound up within each other. So how did this happen? Before the late 1800s, corporations were required to be public service organizations and have a stated public purpose. In other words they were a sort of gift from a group of people to serve the public good. They were tightly controlled and very limited due to widespread public opposition. In fact a common misconception is that the Boston Tea Party was a protest between the American Revolutionaries and the King of England, but rather it was a protest by the Americans against the monopolization of the tea market by the East India Company.
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Noam Chomsky on Manufacturing Consent
 
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Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/
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Libertarianism in 6 Minutes
 
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Libertarianism is a political movement that is all about creating the maximum amount of economic and social freedom. In the U.S. especially, Libertarians advocate the removal of all but the most necessary taxes to keep society functioning while removing any laws that infringe upon your rights of freedom of choice. In a nut shell you can do whatever you want as long as you do not harm or infringe upon another persons natural rights. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Intro - Phoniks - Got to My Head Main Video - Joakim Karud - Love Mode Sources: Libertarianism in U.S. vs. Europe: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libertarianism#Etymology Democratic/Republican Control of Presidential Debates: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commission_on_Presidential_Debates Why Haven't Other Countries Tried Libertarianism?: http://www.salon.com/2013/06/04/the_question_libertarians_just_cant_answer/ How Free Market Creates Aggressive Coercion: http://www.demos.org/blog/10/28/13/libertarians-are-huge-fans-economic-coercion Easterlin Paradox: https://hbr.org/2016/04/when-economic-growth-doesnt-make-countries-happier
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Perfectionism in 3 Minutes
 
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When you think of the word perfectionism, you might think of those you know (or maybe yourself) who are anal, OCD, and hard to work with. Perfectionism is when you aren't satisfied until every little detail is up to your standard of "perfect." The problem with this is that perfection is subjective, and our subjective judgment changes from day to day. So while something in your eyes may be perfect today, tomorrow you opinion could completely change. Thank you guys for watching! It's so awesome to see my subscriber base grow. Also let me know what you think of my new style below in the comment sections :). Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Be the first to know about my latest video by signing up to my email list: http://facebook.us16.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=f942e490173f7a5bdbd5cecb3&id=7694111750 Sources: 1. Isaac Newton removes name: https://books.google.com/books?id=Ppv5h4sgAYwC&pg=PA27#v=onepage&q&f=falsez 2. Definition of perfectionism: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/perfectionism 3. Perfectionism correlation with suicide: https://digest.bps.org.uk/2017/07/27/perfectionism-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide-the-most-comprehensive-test-to-date/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23889574 4. Instagram making people feel bad: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/14/perfect-girls-five-women-stories-mental-health
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Globalization: Why Everything is Made in China in 5 Minutes
 
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Remember the opening scene to the amazing Nick Cage movie Lord of War? The one where you follow the life of a bullet from its birth in a factory to its shipment from the Soviet Union to the jungles of Africa? When I watched that I was mesmerized. Almost all of our material goods make a similar journey. From the extraction of raw materials found in the Earth, to their production in a factory most likely somewhere in Asia, to the retail store that you or I can head to down the street. My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: L'indécis - Day by Day Script: The last time you looked at your T-shirt tag you probably noticed that it was made in China, or Bangladesh, or Pakistan, or…wherever - you get the point. But have you stopped to ask yourself why they never say England, or France, or the U.S.? Well as most of us probably know already it has to do with cost. But that’s only part of the story. Awhile back I read an interesting article on NPR that talked about the journey of a t-shirt. In their investigations they found that the cotton for most t-shirts are grown in either China, India or surprisingly the U.S. in places like Texas. If the cotton is grown in the U.S. it is then shipped over 7,000 miles to China or India where the milling process begins which transforms the plant cotton into yarn or sheets. From there it is shipped another 1,800 miles to Bangladesh where it is sewn into shirts by workers who are paid $40 a month in super sketchy conditions. In 2013 for example a factory collapsed and killed 1,100 garment workers. Most popular clothing companies like Gap, Walmart, Target and well pretty much every store you can think of rely heavily on suppliers from this region. When sewn the shirts are shipped another 8,000 miles back to the U.S. where they are delivered to retailers, folded neatly by workers who are paid whatever the minimum wage in your city is and sold for $20 bucks a pop. The estimated miles traveled for any given t-shirt from cotton farm to retail store? About 16,000 miles. $20 bucks for an item that has seen more of the world than you or I have? Not bad. But why does this happen and how is it a viable economic model? During the 19th century the process of industrialization began which was basically the time when everyday household items became easier to make with the use of machines and standardization and allowed the prices of items to decrease making it more affordable for the public to buy. Along with this there was a transportation revolution with the invention of the steam engine making shipping using boats or trains much cheaper. At the same time Europeans were busy conquering the world which had the sometimes very unwanted effect of integrating parts of the world with other parts of the world. But nonetheless it happened and here we are. Because of this more and more nations began to embrace international trade while at the same time vigorously competing with each other to gain economic and military dominance over one another and their colonies. Eventually this competition grew to a tipping point and WWI happened. Then WWII happened. Then the Cold War. Finally after the Cold War when most major government decided to just chill the f*ck out, a period of rapid globalization happened. But it was really after the agreements made by the international community after WWII, that laid the foundation to the kind of globalization that we know and either love or hate or have no opinion about today. Most countries agreed to an international monetary policy which basically has made it easier for countries to trade with each other by eliminating or reducing taxes. This led to other economic agreements between the international community and eventually the World Trade Organization which currently provides a system for countries to make trade agreements with one another. There are also other bilateral agreements between countries – for example the U.S. and South Korea has a Free Trade Agreement which eliminates 95% of taxes or NAFTA between Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. which probably ruined the lives of millions of poor corn farmers in Mexico – but that’s a story for another time.
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The Battle of Gettysburg in 3 Minutes
 
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In history wars are often huge turning points. And within wars – battles often act as turning points that dictate the outcome of those wars. One battle that historians often refer to as the turning point of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg. If the Union had lost this battle, the U.S. might look very different today. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music Credit: Star Wars: Imperial March (Darth Vader's Theme) Remix by Rey
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Charisma in 3 Minutes
 
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Most of us at some point in time have been around someone we just can’t stand. Recently at work, our boss was fired and a new young guy was hired to replace him. Nice enough guy. But completely unlikeable. All he does all day is tickle his own pickle. You might ask what that even means and I don’t really know. But anyways he’s a micromanager that loves to talk about how great everything he does is. Hopefully he’ll watch this video and learn a thing or two. And hopefully he won’t know it’s me. Get the Book: http://amzn.to/2kO7jOz Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Snares - Ninetythree Some might think that the best way to get people to like you is to become as attractive, interesting, wealthy, and popular as possible. And while there might be some truth to that, likeability is more about how you interact with those around you. Some of the people I like the most in life aren’t rich, aren’t attractive, don’t live particularly interesting lives, and aren’t popular. Instead they take interest in me and my life. So the first thing you can do to get others to like you is to simply take an authentic interest in people. Learn their names and use them. Science has proven that people love to hear the sound of their own names. Ask them about their interests and encourage them to talk about them with you. Don’t over think it. If they express an interest in photography simple ask them their story about how they got into it or what they plan to do with it. The art here is to make the other person feel like you are sincerely interested in what they have to say. This will make the other person feel important. But you also don’t want to overdo it and come off as a weirdo who wants to know every little detail about the other person’s life. Most people like to have some degree of privacy about their personal life and would rather you not pry. When you start taking too much of an interest, this plan might backfire and actually make you less liked than if you took no interest at all. So be careful out there and don’t be a creep. Next. Simply be presentable. Smile and use friendly body language. Dress well and keep yourself groomed. No one likes a smelly person or a person with dirty fingernails, unkept hair, and bad breath. Do yourself a favor and shower daily, brush your teeth and floss. Unless of course you are in a famous hipster band – then do whatever the f*ck you want, because people hate you anyways. Finally be humble. You’d think this goes without saying, but there are a lot of egotistical a**holes out there that don’t understand their lack of humility is a huge part of what makes this world a terrible place. It’s ok to try your best to be right all the time, but you also have to know when you’re wrong. You have to respect the opinions of others even if you disagree with them, if you want others to respect yours. There’s an old poem by Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee Indian tribe that says this best: "So live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Trouble no one about their religion; respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and Its purpose in the service of your people.” Also don’t call people guy or buddy or chief. It’s annoying. Use their f*cking names. So what does this all boil down to? Simple. Don’t be born on the Jersey Shore.
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How the News Manipulates You, Me and Itself in 9 Minutes
 
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The news these days is filled with sensational headlines meant to constantly grab our attention. But why? Shouldn’t the news just be a report on significant events that have an effect on our lives? Why are we flooded with “breaking news,” and trending tweets that don’t matter? Check out The Journey's YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCPalX5tJprIlv7HqjQWP7cA Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Today we're going to be talking about why the news has little to do with the news. There are two events that are covered in the news world – those that happen spontaneously and those that are what the author Daniel Boorstin call “pseudo-events.” Spontaneous events are events that happen by themselves – things like a local Earthquake or terrorist attack – in other words they are rare but important enough that the news will cover them because they are noteworthy enough. Pseudo-events however are planned, man-made, and mostly predictions of probabilities that may or may not occur. They are mostly used in self-interest as a way to grab attention and gain coverage. For example there might be a hotel that wants more business. So they hire a PR firm that tells them to set up a celebration of their 13th anniversary. They form a committee of rich people, plan the event and hire photographers and journalists to report on it. If this were a truly an important event it would all happen on its own. There’d be no need to hire photographers and reporters because they’d be there naturally. In other words the power to make an event reportable is really based on the power to make an experience. A false report like this hotel anniversary affects people’s perception of reality – of what actually is important and what is not. But before the 20th century people didn’t expect exciting news every single day. It was ok if the news was boring or the paper wasn’t even published that day because nothing may have happened that was noteworthy. Nowadays we expect sensational news daily or even hourly. And the journalist is expected to find a story where there is no story. There is increased demand for illusion, which has resulted in a change in how the news is delivered, but also a change in what we expect from the news. The news is now a business and if we didn’t create and implement pseudo-events, thousands would be out of work. Fake news has become the norm and has been propagated even more with the invention of television. TV has made it easy to deliver constant news to millions of people. This has increased the media’s ability to feed its audience content, while at the same time financially supporting itself.
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How to Get Rich or Die Trying: The 3 Most Important Principles in Becoming Filthy Rich
 
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The secrets to getting rich are kind of common sense - just as the secrets to staying healthy are or doing well in school is. The problem is that most people don't have the system or discipline to reach their dreams of one day being a "1 percenter". Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music Credits: FloFilz - Tilezeit: https://www.facebook.com/flofilz Script: The first book I read about money was Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill. This book changed the way I approached money, yes, but also life. The main idea in it is that you must have a burning desire to get whatever it is you’re after. If that burning desire isn’t there, you are unlikely to persist and remain disciplined over long periods of time or in the face of extreme adversity or failure. Hill states that “thoughts are things and powerful things at that, when they are mixed with definiteness of purpose, persistence, and a burning desire for their translation into riches, or other material objects.” After I embraced this idea, I stopped giving up on the things that I wanted. School, fitness, learning. When you decide you want something and you make the commitment not to give up on it regardless of circumstances, your mindset changes. Before I went to college, I used to be a skinny kid with little strength, muscles or athletic ability. However, one day I woke up and knew I wanted to change this. And using the principle of desire from Think and Grow Rich, I made a commitment to myself to go the gym and muscle up. I never gave up even when my progress seemed slow. However, if you were to look at a picture of me two years later – you’d think you were looking at two different people. You see, having a burning desire is key, and without it I’d never have the persistence to pursue my goals even when I thought I was failing. However is not just enough to desire. Desire is only the first step in the journey toward greatness, wealth or whatever it is you want. The second book I read about money changed the way I thought about how to use that skrill in a way that could benefit me now, but also later. The classic George Clason book, The Richest Man in Babylon, seems so simple, yet most people I know are not aware of its principles. The main idea is that you need to pay yourself first. Most people don’t. They pay other businesses first and sometimes forget to pay themselves at all. What I mean by this is that you spend your time working for a company that pays you for that time and often we use the money that we earn and give it to businesses that make our food, supply us with entertainment, or make our clothes, for example, before we give ourselves that money. Immediately and automatically when you get paid, if you have the burning desire to become the Richest Man in Babylon, you need to set aside a percentage of your hard earned cash and save it for yourself. Clason says in his book, “A part of all I earn is mine to keep. Say it in the morning when you first arise. Say it at noon. Say it at night. Say it each hour of every day. Say it to yourself until the words stand out like letters of fire across the sky.” The last extremely important book on money that I’ve read is by Tony F-ing Robbins. The book? Money: Master the Game. In this book he goes through thousands of details and stories about the principles of how people become wealthy. However it really comes down to one thing. Growth. How can you make your money work for you while you are at the gym? Eating breakfast? Or watching porn? It is a lot simpler than you think. Invest it. And don’t do it through some big advisor. Do it on your own and automate it. The catch? Most people fail at investing because of they don’t systematize it or they lack the discipline to follow their system. The good news is that, as Robbins states, “96% of actively managed mutual funds fail to beat the market over any sustained period of time,” meaning that you can beat 96% of professional investors by doing one simple thing. Take the money that you are going to pay yourself first with and invest it in the U.S. Stock Market every pay period. Don’t know how to invest your money in the stock market? It’s simple. Sign up for an online brokerage like TD Ameritrade and buy the ticker symbol SPY. Bam. You just bought the U.S. Stock Market. All you need to do now is be disciplined enough to follow your system for the next 40 years. Easy right?
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Big Pharmaceutical Companies Don’t Want You to Watch This Video and Neither Does Your Grandma
 
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Want to be a drug addict? If you live in the U.S. chances are you probably already are. The U.S. - land of the free, of MTV, and of legal drugs. This might just be what makes America great. A place where our doctors prescribe us pills we don’t need for conditions that don’t exist. It’s a win-win. Big Pharma gets bigger and richer and we get higher or just die. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music: FloFilz - Tilezeit The story was different 50 years ago when Jon went down to his dentist’s office to get his wisdom teeth pulled and the doctor gave him aspirin as pain medication. This was a time when young men went to war and women worked their asses off at home to save the country from collapse. Now? We get high, play video games, watch YouTube, and complain when someone doesn’t call us the right gender. And these days if old Jonny boy goes to the dentist and wants some work done it’s dealers choice. Vicodin. Percocet. Codeine. You name it. Whatever company happens to be in bed with your doctor that day. And if you don’t have private insurance that pays for your drugs? No problem. Sign up for Medicaid. You’ll definitely be able to get free drugs through them. First what exactly is the pharmaceutical industry? To make a long story short it’s a business that creates drugs for use as medications. It’s important to note that it’s not a terrible industry. In fact they have made some very important discoveries like insulin which has saved millions of lives or the countless vaccines that have protected us from at one point, very common diseases like measles and hepatitis. The problem is not the idea of pharmaceuticals – drugs are neither good nor bad. They can either be helpful or dangerous depending on their use. The problem with big pharma is that it is literally killing people. And it’s making a profit doing so. And our government is basically encouraging it. You may ask yourself how an industry that it supposed to be providing us medication which is regulated by the Federal Drug Administration – an organization responsible for “protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human…drugs,” is killing us. Let’s first look at the health statistics: • 99% of hydrocodone worldwide use is in the U.S – we know this drug more colloquially as Vicodin (which is just a company that makes hydrocodone). This is a drug that the FDA rates as less dangerous as marijuana but in 2011 caused nearly 100,000 emergency department visits. • The U.S. makes up 5% of the world’s population but consumes 80% of its opioid consumption • On average 40 deaths per day are linked to specifically prescription opioids and over 100,000 deaths per year linked with prescription drugs in general. This is far more deaths than what illegal street drugs cause. • Prescription drugs are now the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S. Ok. You get the point. Prescription drugs are dangerous and they are killing people. But now the question is why are people taking them if they’re so dangerous? The answer lies in the incredible reach of big Pharma. The pharmaceutical industry spends between 30 and 60 billion dollars a year on advertising their miracle drugs. You’ve all seen their ads – blue skies, beautiful couple, trees – having trouble sleeping? Bad knees? Buy our pill and feel like new. And then the 10 second list of possible side effects which always include “and in extreme cases, death.” The folks that regulate these advertisements have a budget of $9 million dollars. Do you really think a $9 million dollar budget is enough to regulate something that is more than 6,000 times that size. This is not a David vs. Goliath story. This is an ant vs. an elephant. Big pharma is also notorious for selling drugs that aren’t approved for certain symptoms – a practice called Off-Label Promotion. For example your doctor might prescribe you an antidepressant because she or he believes it will help your migraines. This practice is at times is legal and at others illegal. If illegal you will learn shortly that the fine usually is smaller than the profit these companies make. Big pharma might just consider it another tax of doing business. And yes it has in some cases caused death. There is also the idea that big Pharma creates new illnesses and solves them with their pills. Sounds like a conspiracy theory, right? But actually it makes a lot of sense and you’ve probably seen an ad that talks about some made up illness and a pill to fix it without thinking twice. For example restless leg syndrome. Is that really an illness?
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Why 2 Million People in the U.S. are Homeless in 377 Seconds
 
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Homelessness is getting worse in the U.S. But why? Is it the escalating housing prices? Or is it something else? Get the book and read more about Tom and Dr. Seagar's story: http://amzn.to/2j4w7lF -- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ -- Music Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode -- Sources: Number of homeless in U.S.: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/How_Many.html Number of homeless with mental disease: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/Mental_Illness.pdf Number of homeless with substance abuse issues: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/addiction.pdf Number of homeless because of economic reasons: https://endhomelessness.atavist.com/mayorsreport2016 Chronic homelessness definition: https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/DefiningChronicHomeless.pdf Percent of mentally ill and substance abuse that recover: [7] https://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/advisory-boards-and-groups/namhc/index.shtml Ancient greek diagnosis of mentally ill: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/01/diagnosing-mental-illness-in-ancient-greece-and-rome/282856/ Mass murderers often are mentally ill: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-forensic-files/201404/seven-myths-mass-murder Life expectancy of mentally ill: https://www.nhs.uk/news/lifestyle-and-exercise/homeless-die-30-years-younger-than-average/ Likelihood of a homeless person being assaulted: https://www.crisis.org.uk/ending-homelessness/homelessness-knowledge-hub/types-of-homelessness/its-no-life-at-all-2016/ Many homeless people in prisons: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/06/americas-largest-mental-hospital-is-a-jail/395012/&sa=D&ust=1512009172947000&usg=AFQjCNHC75Izveq4fAc0yVoQhw5gEqKfCw Housing and providing treatment for homeless is cheaper than keeping them on the streets: http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/02/housing-first-solution-to-homelessness-utah/
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Is Gender a Social Construct? in 7 Minutes
 
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Gender is a very touchy subject these days - whether you believe it's a social construct or you don't. Both sides of the argument seem to overlook evidence on the opposing view. In this short video I'll go over some of the main arguments and evidence that both support the idea of gender as a social construct and refute it. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community Music: Phoniks - No Stress https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pf6p4Inmlm8 Summary: In recent years many social scientists have begun to believe that gender identity is not a stable and fixed trait. They argue that it is socially constructed and can vary over time. Some have even argued that there are more than two genders and have created additional classifications by using terms such as cis-gender, transgender, gender queer, non-binary, gender fluid, agender, etc. Anyways, the two competing ideas about whether gender is a social construct come from the familiar nature vs. nurture debate. In other words, is it our environment that makes us who we are or our biology? Those who say gender is a social construct often argue the following: 1. There are differences in gender norms in different cultures. For example there are subcultures in India that identify three genders. And in Chile some believe you must channel another gender to accomplish certain tasks. The list goes on. According to the academics Candace West and Don Zimmerman gender is “an emergent feature of social situations: both as an outcome of and a rationale for various social arrangements, and as a means of legitimating one of the most fundamental divisions of society" (West & Zimmerman, 1977, p. 126). By the way I looked up Candace West on Rate My Professor and she only got a 2.1 out of 5. Would you eat at a restaurant that got such a low Yelp score? I don’t think so. Old Donny didn’t do much better. 2. Language forms our reality. The words man and woman are simply words to describe certain phenomena, but don’t describe every option or experience of all people in our culture. Phrases like “be a man” or “boys don’t cry” are used to pressure boys into conforming to traditional masculine gender roles while “run like a girl” and other women-centered phrases pressure girls into behaving in a way that is considered traditionally feminine. Others say that gender is a feature of nature, not nurture. They say: 1. Being exposed to testosterone and estrogen will make the way we behave inherently different. For example, there are studies that show male babies and female babies behave differently given different stimulus. Male babies tend to stare longer at mechanic objects while female babies tend to stare longer at faces which may explain why women and men tend to find themselves in different career paths –men often gravitate toward science and engineering while women toward health care and education. 2. The reason some women and men identify as a gender opposite of their sex is because sometimes nature has hiccups. For example some female fetuses are exposed to large quantities of male hormones and develop Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – a fancy term for a disease that may alter the sex organs of people. Also, there are members of the trans-community that believe gender is biological. Some transwomen have stated that while they were brought into this world as men, from the get go they felt biologically that they were women, and thus behaved as a woman. Their argument is that if gender was socially constructed, then as a boy who felt like a girl they would have been socially pressured into feeling like boys. However, despite being socially pressured into feeling like boys these transgender women have always felt like women despite their sex being male. 3. A boy named David Reimar whose circumcision went horribly wrong, was given sex reassignment surgery as a 22 month year old and was raised as a girl named Brenda. Brenda was given girl toys, but always seemed to gravitate toward more traditionally boy toys. Eventually as a teenager she expressed her suicidal thoughts to her parents, and her father told her what had happened. Despite the female hormones and socialized pressures to be a girl, Brenda identified as a male and changed her name back to David when she was 14. Years later David started treatment to reverse the reassignment given to him as a 22 month year old and married a woman. Unfortunately years later after battling with a failed marriage and depression, at 38 years old he killed himself. This shows that despite the social pressures of David’s parents and doctors to identify as a girl – he still felt like a boy.
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Why We Believe What We Believe in 4 Minutes
 
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There are a lot of different thoughts on why we believe what we believe. Some says it's due to our biology, others due to how we were raised, and even some that might say it is our destiny to believe whatever it is we believe. But if you look at it geographically, it's interesting to think about the predictability about a persons belief system based on their geographical upbringing. If you liked the video please give it a thumbs up and subscribe! Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credit: Gorila - Akaido https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Gj-yyJHYoQ Script: Have you ever stopped to think why you believe what you believe? Well if you’re like me, you think about that shit every day and it gets kind of annoying. Anyways, when I was younger, I blindly believed whatever it was I was taught by my parents and teachers – which is something most of us do and that scientists have found is in our biology. I never stopped to think I might be wrong, or that another person’s view might be right. It was only after being introduced to the ideas of eastern philosophy and religion, and meeting various Christians and Muslims that my mind started to open to the possibility that my rigidly held beliefs might be wrong. Thought Monkey here. Today we’ll explore the why of our beliefs. Not why they are right or wrong, but why we believe them in the first place. Weeks ago I was listening to the Joe Rogan podcast and an interesting idea popped up in the discussion that Rogan was having with his guest. It was the idea that most people believe what they believe based on the geography of where they grew up. So for example if you grow up in a particular part of India, nine times out of ten you’ll believe whatever beliefs that the people in that part of India believe. Likewise if you grow up along the Bible belt of the United States south, you are more likely to practice a form of evangelical Protestantism than a person who grew up in the ultra-progressive Bay Area of California. The same could be said of any kind of beliefs, whether religious, political, or simply your beliefs about what you should eat for breakfast or when you should drop the kids off at the pool. While our biology craves belief – as without it we’d lose our sense of belongingness –our beliefs largely come from our environment. You see it is the combination between our biology and geography that largely dictate what we believe. And it is often only through exposure to different beliefs that one can start to think about changing her or his own beliefs. So when you or I say or think that this person is wrong or crazy because he or she believes in something called Allah, she or he might be thinking the same thing about us and our beliefs. It is only when you can understand that people believe what they believe based on their experiences in life which largely come from the places they grew up, that you can start to accept the fact that you too are a product of your experiences and your geography - which is probably why you believe what you believe. In the west where objectiveness is highly valued, we often feel we are more logical than other places in the world. Despite this, something we all do, whether from the western world or not, is engage in bias. Bias is easy to understand, but hard to perceive in ourselves. It’s an assumption, belief, conclusion, decision, or emotion that changes our perception and limits our choices for responding to an experience. There are at least 75 types of biases that psychologists have studied. One of the most common is something called confirmation bias which is when we find evidence that support our beliefs while discounting any evidence that goes against our beliefs. You can see this is modern day politics where many republicans around the U.S. have refused to believe that climate change is actually happening despite the overwhelming amount of evidence that supports such a view and the fact that 99% of scientists agree with that belief and the fact that the east coast of Florida is slowly disappearing into the ocean. There is some evidence that shows that one reason we may stick with our beliefs is that we have to consume extra energy to rewire the neurons in our brains when we change that way we think. In other words – those who refuse to change their beliefs – may make that choice simply out of neurological laziness. So it seems that our beliefs start with our biology, develop due to our geography, and stay put because of laziness or maybe even fear. Life is short though. Why spend all your time thinking about beliefs or trying to rewire your brain just to change your beliefs? Just go out and do you. Your beliefs really only affect you and the other people living on this planet. Oh and probably the planet too. No biggie – just live baby.
Просмотров: 3519 Thought Monkey
Trees in 4 Minutes
 
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Years ago I went on a solo backpacking trip through Big Sur. It was during a time in the year when there were few other people to see or hear. When I got to camp, I was surrounded by the forest. It was just me and this vast surrounding living organism. All I heard was the wind blowing through the trees, the birds chirping in the distance, and the constant sound of the flowing river. I didn’t feel like I belonged. I felt like an outsider. I felt in a way like the forest was alive talking to itself, and I was there in its way. Since that trip I’ve always wondered if there was more to the forest, to the trees than I knew. Get the Book - The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate—Discoveries from a Secret World : http://amzn.to/2kXajoC Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Nujabes – Prayer Script: Last year a man named Peter Wohlleben wrote a book about trees. Thrilling stuff, huh? Well actually it turned out to be pretty thought inspiring. The book? The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate – Discoveries from a Secret World. Wohlleben worked as forester somewhere in Germany who one day 20 years ago woke up to the fact that trees are just more than lumber. This change happened when he was working with tourists who seemed to always find the most crooked and gnarled trees to be most interesting, which he previously dismissed because they were essentially worthless. This reminds me of the Taoist idea that a crooked tree, which is useless for timber, will live long, while on the other hand the lives of the trees that are useful to people are cut short. After Wohlleben’s realization he began studying the forest and working toward making the lumber plantation he was working on more natural and wild with much success. Through his research Wohlleben’s findings suggest that trees have a much more sophisticated way of life than we may imagine. First trees live in communities, much like how humans do. One day Wohlleben was walking around the forest and found the remains of an ancient tree stump that had been cut down several hundred years ago. But the thing was, it wasn’t dead. The surrounding trees had been providing nutrients to it in order for it to survive. You see, there are advantages for trees to work in communities – together they can create their own local climate to protect themselves from the wind and weather – in such a protected environment where trees are moderating extreme heat and cold, and storing water thus creating humidity, trees can live to be hundred if not thousands of years old. But to do this, trees have to work together and reciprocate their needs, much like human friends do. Trees also communicate with one another. Decades ago in the African savannah, giraffes began eating the leaves of the iconic acacia trees which we all probably know best from the Lion King. Anyways, the trees didn’t like this very much and very quickly began releasing the chemical ethylene into the air to warn their nearby friends. Immediately, all the surrounding trees followed suit and the giraffes moved on. The same thing happens in nearly all forests and tree communities. This is not the only way trees communicate with one another. They also use something called the “Wood Wide Web” - an underground fungal network that is yet to be completely understood which trees use to send warning signals to one another about droughts, insects and other dangers. One of these networks in Oregon is estimated to weigh 660 tons, to cover 2,000 acres, and is 2,400 years old. The relationship is also reciprocal – while the fungus provides trees with much needed nutrients and protect them from harmful fungi and bacteria, trees provide the fungus with sugar and other nutrients. So, what do you think? Do trees have feelings? Comment below and if you’re interested in the topic, pick up a copy of Wohlleben’s book by clicking the link below.
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Are You a Racist or a Perceptionist?
 
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Jamie Foxx explains the difference between a racist and a "perceptionist" on the Joe Rogan Podcast. Most importantly he makes the distinction between the idea that many liberals believe that all people who voted for Trump are racists when the reality is that many are just "perceptionists." A perceptionist is someone who has deeply ingrained beliefs about the way certain people are. We are all victims of perception. And i believe that one of life's tasks is to become aware of this bias that blinds all of us into thinking things are the way we think they are because of our deep and often unconscious beliefs. Somewhere in our individual histories we "learn" stuff that the world "teaches" us. A lot of this stuff is wrong and we end up being ignorant our whole lives. In this way it's up to us to unlearn what we've "learned." In this case Jamie shows us that even though we know that there are good black pilots out there, we still hold the perception that a silver foxed white man is more trustworthy as a good pilot than a black man. Obviously the truth can only be known if we look at each pilot's experience and flight history. But this is almost always overlooked. And I'm sure there will be plenty of examples of this in the comment section below :). Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/
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Confirmation Bias in 5 Minutes
 
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Confirmation Bias is part of human nature. We all are susceptible to it. But why is it such a universal human condition? And what can we do to move beyond it? ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Music Credits: Intro - Phoniks - Got to My Head Main Video - Joakim Karud - Love Mode ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sources: 1. Rider and Elephant Metaphor: The Righteous Mind by Jonathon Haidt 2. Everyone is affected by Confirmation Bias: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2129319-liberals-are-no-strangers-to-confirmation-bias-after-all/ 3. How our mind takes shortcuts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bq_xYSOZrgU 4. Kathleen White on how C02 is good for the environment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xykBJLfxDFI 5. Kathleen White's credentials: https://www.desmogblog.com/kathleen-hartnett-white
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Money in 6 Minutes
 
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The Evolution of Money: What Money is, Who Created it and How it Works I just bought some milk. Whole milk actually – yummy. Milk and cookies is where it’s at. When I bought it I used a green piece of paper with the face of an old white man and some numbers on it. Milk – a nutritional beast that will nourish me and complete me – is of much more literal value to me than some wrinkly green paper. So how is it that that wrinkly green paper can not only be exchanged for milk, but literally anything in the world. Food, cars, even sex. The answer is simple. The collective imagination of humans. Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ The common phrase “money is the root of all evil,” is well known and something many believe. At the same time however, money is the highpoint of human tolerance. Money is the one thing in this world that crosses culture, religious beliefs, and social habits. In fact it is the only thing that doesn’t discriminate against religion, race, gender, age, or sexual orientation. Osama Bin Laden, the guy who hated what America stood for so much, still used and agreed on the idea of money – in fact his net worth was estimated to be $50 million dollars. You see even groups around the world – like the KKK that hate other people because of their religion, skin color, or whatever it is – still agree with those that they hate the most – they agree on the value of money. The question is then, how has money become the ultimate uniter of humans across the globe? Well before money was used people traded. For example, Bob may be great at making shoes and Joanna might have an amazing plum tree farm. Maybe Joanna needs a pair of new shoes to help her pick plums in the summer heat. Joanna might trade her plums for Bob’s shoes. The problem here is that Bob has to want or need plums. Maybe he already has a deal with another plum farmer. So what now? Joanna has to figure out what Bob wants in return for a pair of new shoes. Maybe his wife is ill and needs medical attention from a doctor. So Joanna then needs to find a doctor who wants plums in return for his services. Joanna gives the doctor plums, the doctor gives Bob’s wife medical attention, and Bob makes Joanna a pair of new Nikes. You can probably already see the problem. Trading requires that the people you are trading with actually want what you are offering. At the same time in a bartering economy people have to rethink the value of what they are trading is every day. If there are only 100 different commodities being traded in a market, that means buyers and sellers need to know 4,950 different exchange rates. Here’s where money comes in to play. Money was created all around the world at different times. Money was not some kind of technological invention, but instead a revolution of the collective mindset. When one thing was agreed upon and trusted by all members of a community as representing value that could be exchanged for any goods or services, money was invented. Money in a way became magic. With money you can convert anything into anything else. Sell your cow, and buy tuition to a school and learn. Work for a few hours and use the money given to you for your time to buy a joint so you can waste your time. If you have enough money you can even change your biological sex. How is this possible? It’s all about collective trust. The first known form of money was used 5000 years ago in ancient Sumer and was barley. People agreed that a certain weight of barley was worth a certain amount – the most common measurement being one sila or about 1 liter. So people would head to market with barley in hand and use it to buy goods or services. Eventually this gave way to the silver shekel or 8.33 grams of silver. The shekel eventually gave way to the coin – a standardized weight of metal – usually silver or gold – with an imprint of the kingdom it came from. The coin was first developed in 640 BC by Lydians in what is now modern day Turkey and is a monetary system that we still use today.
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Bitcoin in 273 Seconds
 
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Bitcoin is a hell-of-a-currency. But what exactly is it? ____ Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Website: http://www.thtmonkey.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ ____ Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode ____ Sources: James Howells: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/nov/27/hard-drive-bitcoin-landfill-site Donald Trump Assassination: http://www.newsweek.com/dark-web-site-fundraises-donald-trump-assassination-529566 Blockchain info: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/blockchain.asp Blockchain transactions: https://blockchain.info/
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Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
 
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We come across ideas all the time. But there are only a few that stick with us. Why do some of the ideas we encounter stick and others simply fade away? -- Get the book 'Made to Stick': http://amzn.to/2CcM4LD Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ -- Music Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode -- Sources: Made to Stick by Chip and Dan Heath
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Does Raising Minimum Wage Help or Hurt You in 6 Minutes
 
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Does raising minimum wage help or hurt you? That is the question that economists have been asking themselves over the past few years as cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles have been raising their minimum wages well beyond the federal minimum wage requirement. And while it may seem like a blessing, there are also some noteworthy consequences that recent studies have discovered. And while some say getting rid of the minimum wage in its entirety is the answer, others say we need to increase it federally to $15 an hour. But of course there are problems with both of these solutions. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Credits: Music: Mono: Massive - Attila Sources: Obama - http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/13/us/politics/obamas-2013-state-of-the-union-address.html Profit Over People - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBbdO-dO1Cs Pro Free Market Remove Minimum Wage Article - https://fee.org/articles/the-truth-about-the-minimum-wage/ Seattle Report - https://evans.uw.edu/sites/default/files/two%20page%20overview.pdf Effects of Minimum Wage on Employment - http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2015/december/effects-of-minimum-wage-on-employment/ Pre 1938 Working Conditions - http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/working-conditions-factories-issue Current Nike Factory - http://www.laborrights.org/in-the-news/six-cents-hour
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Net Neutrality in 7 Minutes
 
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If you like using the internet then net neutrality is a big deal. Net neutrality is simply the idea that we should be able to use the internet without our internet service providers being able to regulate what we do on the internet. This may not seem like such a big deal, but without net neutrality our ISPs can block our access to websites they don't want us to visit or slow certain programs down which they don't want us to use. And today net neutrality is in great risk. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ Music Credits: Intro - Phoniks - Got to My Head Main Video - Joakim Karud - Love Mode Sources: Comcast and AT&T doing shady sh*t: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/21376597/#.WaQrtsh97IU Net Neutrality is like Vanilla Ice Cream: https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffreydorfman/2014/11/13/net-neutrality-is-a-bad-idea-supported-by-poor-analogies/#595f89bddc8f Old People Don't Really Care About the Internet: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/09/07/some-americans-dont-use-the-internet-who-are-they/ Comast Stock is Up 35% over the Past 2 Years: https://www.google.com/finance?chdnp=0&chdd=0&chds=0&chdv=0&chvs=Linear&chdeh=0&chfdeh=0&chdet=1504036800000&chddm=253137&chls=IntervalBasedLine&q=NASDAQ:CMCSA&ntsp=1&ei=0X-lWeG2DYevmAGd9r_QBA Michael Beckerman saying Net Neutrality is Why Our Tech Economy is Booming: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vvb8evUDu0U [1:10-1:41] Pai wants to a law to pass that allows Comcast and AT&T to do Unjust and Unfair Stuff: https://cdt.org/blog/un-title-ii-ed-what-reclassification-means/ Comcast and AT&T might be allowed to block us from using apps or browsing certain sites: https://www.theverge.com/2017/4/26/15437840/fcc-plans-end-title-ii-net-neutrality
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Why Countries Exist: The Rise of the Nation State in 6 Minutes
 
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Most of us would say we're from some country. But have you ever stopped to think about what a country actually is? If they are actually real or just imaginary ideas that we have come to agree upon and accept? And how they have come to play such a determining role in our lives? Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credit: Nujabes – Rainy Way Back Home Script: If you think about it, countries don’t exist. They are only an imaginary idea that most people in the world have agreed with. But that’s probably not the answer you were looking for. As with most aspects of our lives, countries first exist because of our genetics. Humans evolved in small hunter and gatherer bands instilling a great need in us to feel part of a group. While most modern humans don’t live in hunter-gatherer bands you can still find us satisfying our need to belong by identifying with different groups. In high school you see this in the hierarchical division of students from nerds, to jocks, to the popular crowd. In adulthood you see this with how many identify as particular sports fans, parts of a particular religion, avid consumers of particular brands, etc. Some call the transition to the modern country that we are all familiar with and live in as the rise of the nation-state. Before the nation-state most people probably identified themselves with their region or local lord. Most did not leave their villages and knew little of the world at large. Around the middle of the last millennia – say around 1500 when economic, scientific, and philosophical change was rapidly occurring in Europe – many monarchs began to try to conquer and unify all the territories and people under their control in order to become more powerful. To encourage unity, many monarchs encouraged their subjects to feel loyal toward them which would mark the first steps toward the idea of nationalism. One example is Russia. For most of the medieval period Russia was simply a small kingdom located around the city of Moscow. Over hundreds of years the rulers of Moscow took more and more land through both diplomacy and war, and eventually conquered much of what is now considered to be Russia. When Ivan the Terrible came of age, he was throned as the first Czar of Russia. He destroyed the nobility and granted bureaucratic positions to successful traders of the commercial class. Similar occurrences happened all over Europe in, for example France, England and more. By the 19th century most, if not all, of the western world had been divided into new political units known as countries or nation-states. But what about the rest of the world? The rest of the world did not have the luck that the west did where countries developed organically. From the Age of Exploration to the Industrial Revolution, the dominance of Europe’s economy and military allowed it to colonize pretty much the entire world. Part of this meant dividing up the world into colonies agreed upon by European powers. At times this meant drawing a simple arbitrary straight line to make things easier. After WWII and the start of decolonization, the borders stayed put and grouped together people with different cultural, racial, and linguistic identities, while splitting apart others. This created a sh*t load of chaos which, 70 years later, can still be felt. Many argue this is one of the main reasons as to why the Middle East and Africa are so f*cked up. However, borders may be an idea of the past as we move into the 21st century. Currently in Europe, national borders have little meaning. It’s similar to how the United States works. All citizens who belong to a country that is part of the European Union can travel, live, and work freely throughout. All internal tax and trade restrictions have been removed. And many identify no longer as a citizen of their country, but as a citizen of the European Union. Many of us however, refuse to even think about what citizenship and border lines actually mean - and instead of working on fostering friendship and partnership across borders, we subject ourselves to our most basic human emotions. Those that may have allowed us to evolve into what we are today, but that may keep us from evolving into what we might be tomorrow.
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The Universe in 5 Minutes
 
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The other day at the super market I was freaking out because I couldn’t find active dry yeast so I could make pizza dough. When I asked a person who worked there about it, they told me they only sell it during the holiday season. Wow, are you serious – people need to make dough more than just a few months out of the year, right? It didn’t make sense. But there was no point in arguing about it. I mean no one in the store could do anything about it anyways. Then when I got home I watched a YouTube clip that starts with a girl sitting in a park and zooms out to our planet, our solar system, galaxy and then the universe and it’s like DAMN, we are small. And I’m over here tripping out about yeast. What the hell is wrong with me? Music Credits: OHD - Priorities My Mic: http://amzn.to/2mj7P3j Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ First what is the universe exactly? Scientists define the universe as all of space and time and all the things in it including the physical laws that control them. Planets, energy, matter, basically everything you can think of – including your thoughts. We have been studying the Universe since the dawn of mankind and have brought the stars we see at night down to Earth by naming them and creating stories behind them. But it hasn’t really been until recently that we have started to understand it more completely. Before the invention of the telescope the astronomer Copernicus figured out that we are not at the center of our solar system, but rather the sun is. Of course, like when anyone’s beliefs are challenged, this pissed off a lot of people and especially the Catholic Church. Then when the telescope was invented Galileo figured out that our sun is only one star in a sea of millions. Again this pissed off the status quo and he was forced by the church to withdraw his theory and was to remain under house arrest for the rest of his life. In the early 1900s an American man (Born in the USA Music) named Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is actually expanding, meaning that at one point it was clumped together. This is known as the Big Bang Theory. The theory states that at one point our Universe may have been no bigger than the size of an atom. The birth of our Universe is thought to have occurred 13.8 billion years ago – when in under a second of time our Universe exploded from the size of an atom to that of a grapefruit. In the next few fractions of a second the extremely hot Universe became populated by a bunch of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Over the next 300,000 years the Universe cooled down enough for those electrons, protons, and neutrons to form atoms of mostly hydrogen and helium. Then in the next billion years gravity pulled together those two elements into giant clouds that eventually become the first galaxies while smaller clumps of gases collapsed to create the first stars. From then until now stars died and spewed heavy elements into space creating new stars and planets. So how big is the Universe? The answer to that question isn’t really known and might not ever be answered for a few reasons. First we don’t know the shape of the Universe – however scientists have agreed that it is either a sphere, flat, or curved – so pretty much all the possibilities are still possible. However, given the evidence most think it is flat. Sound familiar? Second it’s extremely possible that some parts of the Universe don’t even interact with us. For example the Universe may be expanding faster than light can travel, meaning that even if we are able to observe the entire Universe from Earth – the light coming from the newer parts of the Universe might not even be able to reach us for millions of years. And third the majority of the Universe is invisible – 95% of all mass and energy is dark matter or dark energy – stuff we can’t even see or detect. There are some scientists such as Stephen Hawkings, that also believe our Universe is only one of many. This is called the Multi-verse Theory – which simply put is a theory that there are a vast array of potential universes outside of our own. There are different ideas about how they may exist – for example the Bubble Theory in which there may have been other Big Bang events which have created other Universes so far away from us that we can’t even understand how far away they actually could be. Another theory is the Multiverse from Repeating Universes Theory which states that if space and time are infinite, the arrangements of particles will repeat themselves an infinite number of times meaning that if you travel far enough you will be able to find another Earth and another you doing the exact same thing you are doing right now.
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Why We Pay Taxes to the Government in 4 Minutes
 
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Taxes are one of those things that we all have to pay. If we don't there are pretty severe consequences. But why do we have to pay them in the first place? When did this system begin? In the U.S. federal taxes were not mandatory until Congress passed a law in 1913 which gave itself the power to levy taxes on the public regardless of which state one lives in. Many, however continue to protest that this law is unconstitutional. Unfortunately for those protestors, the IRS and Courts don't quite empathize with their points of view. Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Music Credits: Phoniks - Got to my Head: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVztvYjdxnQ Script: I’m sure you’ve all heard of Wesley Snipes, right? What you may not know is that this millionaire landed himself in jail for three years after trying to get away with not paying over 7 million bucks in taxes. Why does our government believe it has the right to take away our hard earned cash and use it for flying jet planes and bombing Arab villages? Well listen and find out. First what do taxes do? Well there are many viewpoints on this, and some might say they do nothing. Some might even say they do more harm than good. But the reality is, regardless of your position, taxes pay the salaries of the people in government – like all those Congress people you see in suits on TV. It also provides us with infrastructure like roads, and other random little stuff like the nutrition labels on the side of your Lucky Charms. It pays for public schools, the military, police, fireman and a bunch of other stuff. What about the kinds of taxes we have to pay? Taxes come in all shapes and sizes. The ones that probably affect us the most are our federal and state income tax which is based on a percentage of money that you make. Generally, the more money you make the higher percentage of tax you have to pay. However, that’s not always the case as there are loopholes and secrets that people like Mitt Romney know about so that he doesn’t have to give away so much of his money to his colleagues. We also pay sales tax on just about every item we buy from the gallon of milk in your fridge to the pack of condoms in your bedside drawer. Finally there is property tax, which most of us millennials will probably never have to worry about, so let’s just move on. Ok here’s the big question. Why? Well paying taxes is our civic duty. Without it we would not be able to pay our politicians their salaries, or maintain an active military that is able to fight the wars on terrorism from the deserts of Nevada, or fund a public education system that is responsible for developing the young minds of our future. (U.S. Music Fade Out). Let’s not kid ourselves here, though. What’s the real reason? If you don’t pay up, agents dressed in black suits will come for you with loaded guns. If you resist you’ll be murdered. If you don’t, you’ll be locked away behind steel bars. Don’t forget Wesley Snipes. If they can capture a human vampire, they can get you too. Don’t take the red pill. Or is it the blue pill? I don’t remember. But you’re probably not the One, so just stay in the Matrix. So what about all those people, like Snipes, who say paying taxes is unconstitutional. Well their claims are kind of bullshit, unless they were living before Feb 3, 1913 when the 16 Amendment was passed which states, “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” So yeah, not illegal anymore. Ok so what’s the deal with all the tax protestors then? Most of their arguments come from the language of tax code. For example the 861 Argument used by some tax protestors, which interprets some of the tax code as making income tax invalid. However, this argument and pretty much all others have been held by courts as incorrect. In fact the IRS wrote a whole handbook about these kinds of protests. It’s called “The Truth About Frivolous Tax Arguments.” In it they go over common tax protestor arguments. For example, some say paying taxes is voluntary due to the language used in some of the law written. But the IRS says that what’s voluntary; is choosing whether to fill out the paperwork to determine your tax liability yourself or have the government do it for you. Also some say it’s against their belief system to pay taxes. Well, the IRS says that tax deductions are given to the charitable nature of religious institutions rather than what their beliefs are. It doesn’t matter what you believe as long as you either pay your taxes or give it to charities that are eligible for tax deductions.
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Illegal Immigration in 303 Seconds
 
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Illegal immigration is controversial. But as you know, this isn't surprising. Since the very beginning, immigration has been a contested issue in the U.S. That fact is however, that we are a nation of immigrants. And immigrants today, whether legal or illegal, whether you like them or not, provide our country with much more than just those jobs that some of you think they took away. -- Subscribe To My Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCoFWz1e3VXKOoJ-E5cep1Eg Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thought.Monkey.Community/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thought.monkey/ -- Music Credits: Intro Music: Phoniks - Got to My Head Background Music: Joakim Karud - Love Mode -- Sources: The stories of several DACA recipients: https://www.nilc.org/issues/daca/daca-fifth-anniversary-stories/ 12 million undocumented immigrants, 1 million DACA recipients: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/27/5-facts-about-illegal-immigration-in-the-u-s/ 4 million children born by undocumented immigrants: http://www.pewhispanic.org/2010/08/11/unauthorized-immigrants-and-their-us-born-children/ Denunciation of Muslim immigrants: https://immigration.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000023 Why immigrants come to the U.S.: - https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/no-childhood-here-why-central-american-children-are-fleeing-their-homes#.U7StyKQ0DXc.twitter - https://www.aeaweb.org/atypon.php?doi=10.1257/aer.89.5.1337 - https://www.cgdev.org/publication/violence-development-and-migration-waves-evidence-central-american-child-migrant - https://wol.iza.org/articles/enforcement-and-illegal-migration/long Americans say immigrants destroy American jobs: http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2012030900 Undocumented immigrants pay more taxes than the cost of services they use: - https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/110th-congress-2007-2008/reports/12-6-immigration.pdf - https://itep.org/immigration/ Why undocumented immigrants pay taxes: http://money.cnn.com/2017/04/19/news/economy/undocumented-immigrant-taxes/index.html U.S. economy would slow without undocumented immigrants: http://giovanniperi.ucdavis.edu/uploads/5/6/8/2/56826033/ageoftrump_june2017.pdf#page=70 Less undocumented immigrants commit crimes than Americans do: http://www.nber.org/papers/w13229.pdf Sanctuary cities are not more dangerous than non-sanctuary cities: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1078087417704974
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