На главную
Результаты поиска “Creatinine kinase levels increase with zocor”
Can statins cause high CK levels
 
02:04
Can statins cause high CK levels - Find out more explanation for : 'Can statins cause high CK levels' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Просмотров: 17 Asmaul Husna
DIY Organic Cholesterol Buster home made, it works!
 
05:05
DIY Home Made Organic Cholesterol Buster Remedy Having had a previous blood test for Cholesterol Levels & refusing to take Statins my Doc. Called me back for another test 6 months later. These blood tests revealed that my Cholesterol count was still high. This is when I started eating Organic Oats every day Raw one day Slightly cooked the next & So on, sometimes twice a day My Doctor, GP understood why I didn't want to use the Statins And agreed that Only 1 person in 20 Gets any benefit from them !The rest of us simply have to put up with the Side Effects Which only add to some problems we might already be suffering from Or Bring a problem we don't have. I saw my Doc again a month ago following further blood tests He knows I'm into alternative medicine & was Amazed, saying, " I don't know what you're doing, whatever it is, keep doing it" Not only was my Cholesterol back to Normal but Also my Thyroid was now Back in Balance again, After years of upset, which again, I refused to use Pharmaceutical medicines for !! This I put down to Lessening my Intake of Fluoride How do I know the Oats Cut my Cholesterol? Because This is the only thing I changed in my diet Hope this helps You. Go to: http://www.annals.org/content/152/7/478.2.short And Google "Statin Side Effects", I don't want this stuff in my body, thank you very much. "Millions of people take statins to reduce cardiovascular risk, and about 5% of those who take statins develop skeletal muscle symptoms and increased creatine kinase levels (1). A variant in the gene SLCO1B1 increases susceptibility for this side effect by 5-fold (2). We reasoned that variants in other genes could occur in patients who were referred to us because of increased levels of creatine kinase and muscle pain or cramps. Objective: To describe 3 patients in whom statin treatment unmasked an underlying muscle disorder. Case Report: A 70-year-old salesman with no history of skeletal muscle disorders received simvastatin for hypercholesterolemia. He developed myalgia after long bicycle rides; however, he continued to take simvastatin for an additional 2 years. He was eventually evaluated for myalgia and a creatine kinase level of 250 U/L. The family history ... " This from " The Lancet" http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(04)15739-5/fulltext "Statins are possibly the most effective drugs for the prevention and treatment of hypercholesterolaemia and coronary heart disease. They are generally well tolerated, however, they do cause some unusual side-effects with potentially severe consequences, most prominently myopathy or rhabdomyolysis (Damaged Muscles. Ed.) and polyneuropathy. (A neurological disorder that occurs when many peripheral nerves throughout the body malfunction. Ed.) We noted that the pattern of side-effects associated with statins resembles the pathology of selenium deficiency, and postulated that the mechanism lay in a well established, but often overlooked, biochemical pathway—the isopentenylation of selenocysteine-tRNA[Ser]Sec. A negative effect of statins on selenoprotein synthesis does seem to explain many of the enigmatic effects and side-effects of statins, in particular, statin-induced myopathy." Sounds: "Under Nile" From: Gridkeeper Music http://www.youtube.com/GRIDKEEPER
Просмотров: 6906 netlethe
Statins Mechanism Of Action *Animated*
 
03:47
STATINS ARE A GROUP OF MEDICATIONS THAT REDUCE CHOLESTEROL LEVELS, THEY WERE DISCOVERED BY AKIRA ENDO IN 1971 A JAPANESE BIOCHEMIST. THERE ARE SEVERAL STATINS IN THE MARKET CURRENTLY WHICH ARE EASY TO REMEMBER BECAUSE THEY ALL END WITH THE SUFFIX STATIN. CHOLESTEROL IS PRODUCED BY THE LIVER AND TRANSPORTED BY LIPOPROTEINS WHICH CONSIST OF TWO TYPES, LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN LDL WHICH IS KNOWN AS THE BAD FAT, IT'S MAIN FUNCTION IS TO TRANSPORT CHOLESTEROL THROUGHOUT THE BODY, THE OTHER TYPE IS HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN ALSO KNOWN AS GOOD FAT, THIS TYPE OF LIPOPROTEIN REMOVES EXCESS CHOLESTEROL AND CARRIES IT BACK TO THE LIVER FOR DEGRADATION. HOW DOES IT WORK? STATINS WORK BY COMPETITIVELY INHIBIT HMG COENZYME A REDUCTASE THIS ENZYME CATALYZES THE REDUCTION OF HMG COENZYME TO MEVALONATE. WHICH IS THE RATE LIMITING STEP IN HEPATIC CHOLESTEROL BIOSYNTHESIS, INHIBITION OF THIS ENZYME DECREASES CHOLESTEROL SYNTHESIS LEADING TO AN UPREGULATION IN LDL RECEPTORS IN THE LIVER, THIS INCREASES LDL UPTAKE BY THE HEPATOCYTS DECREASING THE AMOUNT OF LDL CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD. WHO SHOULD STATINS BE GIVEN FOR? ACCORDING TO THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, STATINS ARE GIVEN AS A PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN PATIENTS WITH LDL CHOLESTEROL MORE THAN 190 MG/DL. ON AVERAGE STATINS CAN LOWER BLOOD LDL BY 70 MG/DL WHICH TRANSLATES INTO AN ESTIMATED 60% DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CARDIAC EVENTS LIKE HEART ATTACKS OR SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATHS. CONTRAINDICATIONS OF STATINS, BEING DRUGS THAT ARE METABOLISED AND EXCRETED BY THE LIVER, STATINS ARE CONTRAINDICATED IN CASES OF CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE, OR ELEVATION OF SERUM TRANSAMINASES. STATINS ARE ALSO NOT GIVEN IN PREGNANCY OR LACTATION AS THEY IN CATEGORY X. LIFESTYLE MODIFICATION IS STRONGLY ADVISED TO PATIENTS ON STATINS THESE MODIFICATIONS INCLUDE, LESS CALORIC INTAKE, LOW ANIMAL FAT DIET, AND PHYSICAL EXCERCISE. MONITORING CREATINE KINASE IS IMPORTANT IN PATIENTS TAKING STATIN AS MYOPATHY IS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON AND DANGEROUS ADVERSE EFFECT OF THIS CLASS OF MEDICATIONS
Просмотров: 15917 Pill Whiteboard
The Increasing Cost of Statin Drugs [8/18/16] Audio Podcast
 
39:38
Dr. Joel Wallach begins the show discussing rising healthcare costs. Stating that statin drugs are now going to cost $14,000 a year. Also citing several news stories about health insurance premiums doubling and tripling to the point people can't afford the payments. Contending people need to learn to take care of their own health without involving the healthcare industry. Pearls of Wisdom Doug Winfrey and Dr. Wallach discuss a news article regarding a study of thyroid cancer. The study of patients in 12 countries found that between 1987 and 2007 some 470,000 women and over 90,000 men were overdiagnosed with thyroid cancer. Leading to unnecessary tests and procedures. Callers David recently had a blood test that revealed elevated creatine kinase levels. Jack has been diagnosed with cyst on his bile duct. Ann has primary biliary cirrhosis. Teresa has a friend with high blood pressure and kidney disease.
Просмотров: 357 fawkes1570
McArdle's (Glycogen Storage Disease Type 5) lecture for USMLE
 
08:54
Simple handwritten lecture on the genetic disease known as Glycogen Storage Disease Type V also known as McArdle's Disease for Medical Students taking the USMLE. Discussing the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms of Glycogen Storage Disease as well as diagnosis, treatment and management of the condition PATHOPHYSIOLOGY McArdle's is a Glycogen Storage Disease which is a genetic disease which is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. Deficiency of the enzyme Myophosphorylase enzyme which is responsible for converted glycogen to glucose in the muscle. Muscle first prefers to use glucose, then fatty acid and then glycogen. CLINICAL Only with high intensity or short burst exercises they become symptomatic. Even low intensity but sustained gives them symptoms. The primary symptom is exercise intolerance, muscle cramping, fatigue and pain depending on the muscle being used. Immediately afterwards they get post exercise red urine due to rhabdomyolysis. This leads to myoglobinuria and then released in urine and leads to Renal Failure. Therefore the use of statin is contra-indicated in these types of patients. There is also a second-wind phenomenon they tend to be okay. This is becuase they can replenish glucose and Fatty Acid store and use that instead of glycogen. Patients with McArdle's syndrome are diagnosed with the ischemic forearm test. This involves measuring initial Creatine Kinase, Ammonia and Lactate level. Place blood pressure cuffs and inflate it. THen ask them to do repetitive grasping 1-2/sec for 2-3 mins. Therefore it forces the muscle to depend on glycogen stores rather than glucose. Then take post venous samples looking at CK Ammonia, and lactate in 5, 10 20 minute increments and take urine sample for myoglobinuria. Creatine Kinase is measure of muscle destruction. Normally, an increase in lactate and increase ammonia. If after the tests there is decreased lactate and decreased ammonia. This means that the exercise was not strenous enough. If there is a decrease in lactate and increase in ammonia. This means that there is not enough glucose in the blood suggesting pathway distrubance. This will prompt for a muscle biopsy. TREATMENT McArdle's is generally treatd with diet, such as increasing protein. sucrose before exercise will also help to have long exercise.
Просмотров: 8389 the study spot
Myopathy- High CPK levels ? Go for Acupuncture…
 
01:18
Please Visit us at www.acupunctureindia.org Dystrophy, Late onset myopathy, Duchenne in Children. High CPK levels is diagnostic in such cases.Some of the patients undergo muscle Biopsy too.Progressive Weakness in lower extremities is seen in such patients.There is no significant clinical history.Some of them have a hereditary background. Medicines are helpless.Physiotherapy is advised to maintain power in muscles but goes invain.Treatment of the cause is necessary. Acupuncture diagnostics are done to find the cause.Treatment is done for 3 months to see the effect.Since such conditions are rare each case has to go through treatment and try.We have certainly seen fortunate few. "Best Treated at Dr Lohiya Acupuncture Center. More than 1-lac treated. operating since 41 years By Medical Doctors Delhi,Mumbai,Aurangabad & Surat.Dr.Sachin Lohiya. Mobile No:-9822556510,9922571571"
Просмотров: 4545 Dr. Lohiya Acupuncture
Statins  and CPK.استاتین ها
 
02:08
قابل توجه افرادی است که استاتین استفاده میکنند
Просмотров: 546 donyaye pezeshki
What is RHABDOMYOLYSIS? What does RHABDOMYOLYSIS mean? RHABDOMYOLYSIS meaning & explanation
 
02:29
What is RHABDOMYOLYSIS? What does RHABDOMYOLYSIS mean? RHABDOMYOLYSIS meaning - RHABDOMYOLYSIS pronunciation - RHABDOMYOLYSIS definition - RHABDOMYOLYSIS explanation - How to pronounce RHABDOMYOLYSIS? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which damaged skeletal muscle breaks down rapidly. Symptoms may include muscle pains, weakness, vomiting, and confusion There may be tea colored urine or an irregular heartbeat. Some of breakdown products, such as the protein myoglobin, are harmful to the kidneys and may lead to kidney failure. The muscle damage is most often the result of a crush injury, strenuous exercise, medications, or drug abuse. Other causes include infections, electrical injury, heat stroke, prolonged immobilization, lack of blood flow to a limb, or snake bites. Some people have an inherited muscle conditions that increases the risk of rhabdomyolysis. The diagnosis is supported by a urine test strip which is positive for "blood" but urine which contains no red blood cells when examined with a microscope. Blood tests show a creatine kinase greater than 1,000 U/L, with severe disease being above 5,000 U/L. The mainstay of treatment is large quantities of intravenous fluids. Other treatments may include dialysis or hemofiltration in more severe cases. Once urine output is established sodium bicarbonate and mannitol are commonly used but they are poorly supported by the evidence. Outcomes are generally good if treated early. Complications may include high blood potassium, low blood calcium, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and compartment syndrome. Rhabdomyolysis occurs in about 26,000 people a year in the United States. While the condition has been commented on throughout history, the first modern description was following an earthquake in 1908. Important discoveries as to its mechanism were made during the Blitz of London in 1941. It is a significant problem for those injured in earthquakes and relief efforts for such disasters often include medical teams equipped to treat survivors with rhabdomyolysis.
Просмотров: 2100 The Audiopedia
Heart attack (acute myocardial infarction) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
12:40
What is a heart attack? Heart attacks, or acute myocardial infarction, sometimes myocardial infarction or just "MI", is death of heart muscle cells due to a lack in blood flow. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Просмотров: 113014 Osmosis
Can alcohol cause high creatinine levels
 
02:06
Can alcohol cause high creatinine levels - Find out more explanation for : 'Can alcohol cause high creatinine levels' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Просмотров: 22 What's Up Dough
קריאטין פוספוקינאז, CPK, creatine phospho kinase
 
01:17
ד"ר קובי עזרא מספר על בדיקת הדם: קריאטין פוספוקינאז, CPK, creatine phospho kinase. רמת האנזים CPK משמשת לרוב כמדד לאוטם בשריר הלב, כחלק מאיבחון מחלות ניוון שרירים וכו'... http://diet2all.net/ ישנה בדיקה לאיזואנזימים, אשר ניתן לאבחן את מקורו של האיזור הנפגע, למשל CKBB מצוי בעיקר במוח, CKMB מצוי בשריר הלב, ואילו CKMM נמצא בשריר השלד וגם בשריר הלב. כך למעשה ניתן לאבחן איזה איזור נפעה למשל בעת התקף לב תהיה עלייה ברמת ה-CKMB. ובעת CVA תהיה עלייה ב-CKBB. יש לציין כי לאחר פעילות גופנית ישנה עלייה ברמות האנזים ולכן לפני שעושים את הבדיקה הספציפית כדי להמנע מפעילות גופנית מאומצת יומיים שלושה.
Dermatomyositis
 
14:03
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a connective-tissue disease related to polymyositis (PM) that is characterized by inflammation of the muscles and the skin. While DM most frequently affects the skin and muscles, it is a systemic disorder that may also affect the joints, the esophagus, the lungs, and, less commonly, the heart. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Просмотров: 22164 Audiopedia
Creatine kinase
 
06:16
Creatine kinase (CK), also known as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) or phospho-creatine kinase (and sometimes incorrectly as creatinine kinase), is an enzyme (EC 2.7.3.2) expressed by various tissues and cell types. CK catalyses the conversion of creatine and consumes adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to create phosphocreatine (PCr) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This CK enzyme reaction is reversible and thus ATP can be generated from PCr and ADP. In tissues and cells that consume ATP rapidly, especially skeletal muscle, but also brain, photoreceptor cells of the retina, hair cells of the inner ear, spermatozoa and smooth muscle, PCr serves as an energy reservoir for the rapid buffering and regeneration of ATP in situ, as well as for intracellular energy transport by the PCr shuttle or circuit. Thus creatine kinase is an important enzyme in such tissues. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Просмотров: 12822 Audiopedia
What is MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION? What does MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION mean?
 
03:55
What is MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION? What does MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION mean? Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms, with women more likely than men to present atypically. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, or cardiac arrest. Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease. Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake, among others. The mechanism of an MI often involves the complete blockage of a coronary artery caused by a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. MIs are less commonly caused by coronary artery spasms, which may be due to cocaine, significant emotional stress, and extreme cold, among others. A number of tests are useful to help with diagnosis, including electrocardiograms (ECGs), blood tests, and coronary angiography. An ECG may confirm an ST elevation MI if ST elevation is present. Commonly used blood tests include troponin and less often creatine kinase MB. Aspirin is an appropriate immediate treatment for a suspected MI. Nitroglycerin or opioids may be used to help with chest pain; however, they do not improve overall outcomes. Supplemental oxygen should be used in those with low oxygen levels or shortness of breath. In ST elevation MIs treatments which attempt to restore blood flow to the heart are typically recommended and include angioplasty, where the arteries are pushed open, or thrombolysis, where the blockage is removed using medications. People who have a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are often managed with the blood thinner heparin, with the additional use angioplasty in those at high risk. In people with blockages of multiple coronary arteries and diabetes, bypass surgery (CABG) may be recommended rather than angioplasty. After an MI, lifestyle modifications, along with long term treatment with aspirin, beta blockers, and statins, are typically recommended. Worldwide, about 8.6 million myocardial infarctions occurred in 2013. More than 3 million people had an ST elevation MI and more than 4 million had an NSTEMI. STEMIs occur about twice as often in men as women. About one million people have an MI each year in the United States. In the developed world the risk of death in those who have had an STEMI is about 10%. Rates of MI for a given age have decreased globally between 1990 and 2010.
Просмотров: 134 The Audiopedia
How Does Myocardial infarction occure
 
01:05
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired.[1] About 30% of people have atypical symptoms.[7] Women more often have atypical symptoms than men.[10] Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms.[11] An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest.[2][3] Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease.[2] Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake, among others.[4][5] The complete blockage of a coronary artery caused by a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque is usually the underlying mechanism of an MI.[2] MIs are less commonly caused by coronary artery spasms, which may be due to cocaine, significant emotional stress, and extreme cold, among others.[12][13] A number of tests are useful to help with diagnosis, including electrocardiograms (ECGs), blood tests, and coronary angiography.[6] An ECG, which is a recording of the heart's electrical activity, may confirm an ST elevation MI (STEMI) if ST elevation is present.[7][14] Commonly used blood tests include troponin and less often creatine kinase MB.[6] Treatment of an MI is time critical.[15] Aspirin is an appropriate immediate treatment for a suspected MI.[8] Nitroglycerin or opioids may be used to help with chest pain; however, they do not improve overall outcomes.[7][8] Supplemental oxygen should be used in those with low oxygen levels or shortness of breath.[8] In a STEMI, treatments attempt to restore blood flow to the heart, and include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), where the arteries are pushed open and may be stented, or thrombolysis, where the blockage is removed using medications.[7] People who have a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are often managed with the blood thinner heparin, with the additional use of PCI in those at high risk.[8] In people with blockages of multiple coronary arteries and diabetes, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be recommended rather than angioplasty.[16] After an MI, lifestyle modifications, along with long term treatment with aspirin, beta blockers, and statins, are typically recommended.
Просмотров: 58 MS KHAN
Myocardial infarction
 
04:16
************************************** The texts in this video are taken from wikipedia.org under the CC-BY-SA License. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License ************************************** Some images in this video are taken from bossfight.co under the CC0 License. For any infringement of copyright, please report to us. https://bossfight.co https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ ************************************** Some footages/images in this video are taken from www.pexels.com and videos.pexels.com under the CC0 1.0 License. For any infringement of copyright, please report to us. https://www.pexels.com/photo-license https://videos.pexels.com/video-license https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ ********************************************* Artist: Dan Lebowitz Title: Parkside From the Youtube audio library https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music
Просмотров: 4 Trivia
Should I test at home and what the heck does HbA1c mean?
 
28:07
Should I test at home and what the heck does HbA1c mean?
Просмотров: 267 Mary Kemp
What Is Heart Attack in urdu
 
03:31
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.[1] The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw.[1] Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes.[1] The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn.[1] Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired.[1] About 30% of people have atypical symptoms.[7] Women more often have atypical symptoms than men.[10] Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had an MI with little or no history of symptoms.[11] An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest.[2][3] Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease.[2] Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake, among others.[4][5] The complete blockage of a coronary artery caused by a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque is usually the underlying mechanism of an MI.[2] MIs are less commonly caused by coronary artery spasms, which may be due to cocaine, significant emotional stress, and extreme cold, among others.[12][13] A number of tests are useful to help with diagnosis, including electrocardiograms (ECGs), blood tests, and coronary angiography.[6] An ECG, which is a recording of the heart's electrical activity, may confirm an ST elevation MI (STEMI) if ST elevation is present.[7][14] Commonly used blood tests include troponin and less often creatine kinase MB.[6] Treatment of an MI is time critical.[15] Aspirin is an appropriate immediate treatment for a suspected MI.[8] Nitroglycerin or opioids may be used to help with chest pain; however, they do not improve overall outcomes.[7][8] Supplemental oxygen should be used in those with low oxygen levels or shortness of breath.[8] In a STEMI, treatments attempt to restore blood flow to the heart, and include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), where the arteries are pushed open and may be stented, or thrombolysis, where the blockage is removed using medications.[7] People who have a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are often managed with the blood thinner heparin, with the additional use of PCI in those at high risk.[8] In people with blockages of multiple coronary arteries and diabetes, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may be recommended rather than angioplasty.[16] After an MI, lifestyle modifications, along with long term treatment with aspirin, beta blockers, and statins, are typically recommended.[7] Worldwide, about 15.9 million myocardial infarctions occurred in 2015.[9] More than 3 million people had an ST elevation MI and more than 4 million had an NSTEMI.[17] STEMIs occur about twice as often in men as women.[18] About one million people have an MI each year in the United States.[2] In the developed world the risk of death in those who have had an STEMI is about 10%.[7] Rates of MI for a given age have decreased globally between 1990 and 2010.[19] In 2011, AMI was one of the top five most expensive conditions during inpatient hospitalizations in the US, with a cost of about $11.5 billion for 612,000 hospital stays.[20]
Просмотров: 402 google tv
Pharmacogenomics - Howard McLeod (2016)
 
01:20:40
May 4, 2016 - Current Topics in Genome Analysis 2016 More: http://www.genome.gov/CTGA2016
Просмотров: 4454 National Human Genome Research Institute
Muscle Repair Gene (University of Missouri)
 
01:52
Researchers at UMKC have identified a previously unreported gene that may hold great potential in promoting the repair of damaged muscles.
Просмотров: 698 Strata Commun
Pharm01 Raymon Sec03
 
04:34:27
Просмотров: 4448 Hạ Nhật
Achy Bones and Joints | On Call with the Prairie Doc | March 24, 2016
 
01:17:26
Dr. Rick Holm, The Prairie Doc, is joined by David Brechtelsbauer James A. Engelbrecht, MD, FACP, FACR to discuss the many ways arthritis slows us down. Dr. Engelbrecht was born and raised in LeMars, Iowa. He is a graduate of the U of Iowa College of Medicine and did his Internal Medicine Residency and Rheumatology Fellowship at the U of Utah. He was in private practice in Rheumatology in Rapid City from 1980 until his retirement from clinical practice in January 2016. He has worked as a part time Medical Director for Dakotacare since 2003 and continues that part time work at the present time. If you have any questions for the show call 1-888-376-6225 or email your questions to ask@prairiedoc.org. Learn more: https://www.PrairieDoc.org Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/PrairieDoc Follow us on Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/ThePrairieDoc Pin us on Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/PrairieDoc
Просмотров: 77 The Prairie Doc