What is THEMATIC LEARNING? What does THEMATIC LEARNING mean? THEMATIC LEARNING meaning - THEMATIC LEARNING definition - THEMATIC LEARNING explanation.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.
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Thematic learning (often synonymous with thematic instruction) is an instructional method of teaching in which emphasis is given on choosing a specific theme for teaching one or many concepts. Thematic learning takes place when different disciplines are all centred towards one definite concept. This is a creative and exciting form for learners, enabling them to notice the inter-relatedness of various subjects. It is based on integrating variety of information and using it to demonstrate the topic. Pedagogy of thematic learning is based on its exploration of broad areas in one theme. Together with topic-based learning, which is similar but with a focus on a specific event or topic, it is a form of Phenomenon-based learning.
Thematic learning is based on the idea that knowledge acquisition is efficient among students when they learn in the context of a coherent and holistic way and when they can associate whatever they learn to their surrounding and real life examples. Thematic instruction seeks to put the cognitive skills such as reading, thinking, memorizing, and writing in the context of a real-life situation under the broad aim to allow creative exploration.
Under the thematic learning instruction, organization of curriculum can be based on Macro or Micro theme depending upon the topic to be covered. Main steps includes.
Deciding a theme: Theme can be decided by teacher and sometimes by students and it can be a smaller concept (e.g. village, mother, climate etc.) to a large and integrated system (e.g. ecosystem, atmosphere etc.)
Integration of theme with existing curriculum: Next step of thematic learning is designing the theme in an integrative ways to existing curricula keeping the skill and content knowledge in mind.
Designing Instructions and co-curricular plans: This step includes organizing other resources and extra-curricular activities for demonstrating the theme (e.g. field trip or visit to botanical garden).
Group Activities and discussion: Group activities and discussion enable students to participate and reach on a shared perspective of the theme. This also helps in creative exploration of the subject.
For thematic learning to be successful among learners, a curriculum that is integrated is important. Thematic learning, as an integrated learning method, implies that it needs to have certain objectives in framing curriculum and plan of proceeding.
Thematic learning consists of a curriculum that is unified and dwells on a particular topic.
It needs to be a sound combination of various disciplines, subjects with an emphasis on projects.
The sources are not limited to textbooks.
The curriculum needs to emphasize the explicit and implied relationship between different concepts.
The units act as principles of organisation, with flexible schedules and flexible groups.
The curriculum should create opportunity for the active participation of the learners in thinking and problem solving skills, observation, critical reasoning and analysis.
It should foster experiential learning.
The curriculum should be reflection based to help the learner think deeply and draw conclusions through various activities.
Thematic learning is a newer concept in pedagogy. It is proved to be a powerful instructional method for integrating various concepts in curriculum by daily life examples and experiences. Thematic learning is geared towards accommodation of interests of individual learners and abilities. Thematic learning techniques fosters teamwork and support in the group since the group is a heterogeneous mixture being taught by a team of two facilitators. Thematic learning comprises teams with varied sizes, and work using problem solving techniques and project methods. The individual is made to progress at one's own pace, and thus develop decision making skill and responsibility. Thematic learning does not have a fixed upper limit. Thematic learning helps in promoting learning with understanding and discourages rote learning.