gooseBerry media presents.....
This video is about:
Step by step Construction of a building in Kerala, India
# Detailed plan like architectural plan, structural plan, sections, drawings of beams, columns, foundations, measurements of rooms.
# Model of the house - 3 storeyed building with cellar floor, ground floor and first floor.
# Site clearance, uprooting trees, Site clean up, levelling soil, site videos.
# Setting out of a building-using centre to centre distance plan, ropes, measuring tapes, cross staff, peg, plumb bob etc
# Construction of house foundation: Setting out foundation, Marking of house foundation excavations, Excavation in construction (digging) using JCB, Hitachi 20, transporting vehicles like tipper, Mazda etc., cleaning by workers.
# Column Footing construction: Footing with one column, Footing with 2 columns, Footing marking, Footing reinforcement.
# Building Material and construction lectures:
Cement bags- we used ordinary Portland cement
Metal or coarse aggregate = 4 centimeters or one and half inch and 2 cm or three by four inch
River sand or washed msand or fine aggregate.
Aggregate grades, aggregate consumption.
Water added in accordance with water cement ratio... water/cement ratio, w/c ratio
# Concrete mixer fixed on the ground, Cement mixing, aggregate mixing, water mixing, mixed uniformly, mixer rotate, mixer unload to below plate sheet, Cement mix ratio.
# Sprinkling of water before concrete.
# Mix taken by workers using shovels and bowls.
# Concrete is placed in excavations for base concrete.
# Man enters excavation and spread the mix using hoe, up to the level, jammed well using jammer.
# By this base concrete is completed.
# The next structure is the reinforced cement concrete structure- RCC.
# For that steel rods of different dimensions are arranged.
8 mm diameter tmt steel, 10 mm dia steel, 12 mm dia, 16 mm dia steel rods are used.
# Reinforcement learning, Reinforcement detailing, Rcc beams and columns.
# Steel cut using steel cutting machine
# Steel mat preparation for rcc using 12 mm dia bars
# Stirrup making= 8mm dia, steel bending, for connecting pillar steels, use of binding wires –msw, span of frameworks, spacing.
# Cement sand paste applied on base concrete, marking above it on intersection of rope.
# Points where steel framework rest marked using chalk.
# Mat rest upon cover block or stones, Mat fixing.
# Piller framework (column framework )= 12 mm dia steel rods with stirrups, with bottom legs.
# It is accurately placed in marked points, legs are tied. Rcc is interconnected.
# Formworks laid using sheets or woods, nails, hammers.
# Verticality of pillar is checked using plumbob, fixed in position. Cross checked.
# Concrete of RCC structure =RCC square or rectangular prism + RCC taper or trapezoidal prism
20 Centimetre Rcc square, 35 cm Rcc taper.
# Concrete mix is placed, Mechanical vibrator is applied, and it helps in consolidating concrete. And settles firmly.
# Levelled. Again concrete poured, uniformly spread using floats and trowels. Rcc completes.
# This shape good for proper transmission of load.
# Water Curing or watering of concrete – very important step prevents moisture loss, maintaining favourable temperature for hydration to occur in concrete, prevents surface cracking.
# A small shoe is constructed above rcc taper. Shutter of the shoe is fixed and is concreted.
# After that the formworks of small pillar is fixed and tightened on the shoe.
# Small pillar is the pillar between Rcc trapezoid and the Beam belt.
# Watered properly, concrete poured, compacted very well using rods.
# On next day formwork is removed.
# Level ground, soil movement from and to land, soil jammed.
# Cement sand paste applied on place of upcoming plinth beam
# Plinth beam construction
# Steel framework of plinth beam = 3 no. of 16mm dia bar at top, 3 number of 16mm dia @ bottom, stirrups 18cm c/c distance. It is 30cm x21cm beam
# It rest on cover block, formwork is made, verticality of formwork checked, watered well, concreted.
# Vibration for good settlement, levelled using float. Completes.
# laid steels for upcoming pillars and retaining wall.
# Woks completed up to plinth beam level.
# This House construction video also includes, house construction techniques, buildings structures, house building tips, house building ideas etc.
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Work in progress will be updated.