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Tuberculosis (TB): Progression of the Disease, Latent and Active Infections.

Оценок: 2210 | Просмотров: 538676
This video and other animations (in HD) for patient education are available for instant download licensing here: https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/all-animations/respiratory-system-videos Voice by: Qudsi Baker. ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Tuberculosis, or TB, is one of the oldest and most common infectious diseases. About one third of the world population is believed to be infected with TB. Fortunately, only about 5% of these infections progress to active disease. The other 95% of infected people are said to have a dormant or latent infection; they do not develop any symptoms, and do not transmit the disease. Tuberculosis is caused by a rod-shaped bacterium, or a bacillus, called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. An infection is initiated following inhalation of mycobacteria present in aerosol droplets discharged into the atmosphere by a person with an active infection. The transmission process is very efficient as these droplets can persist in the atmosphere for several hours and the infectious dose is very low – less than 10 bacilli are needed to start the infection. Once in the lung, the bacteria meet with the body’s first-line defense - the alveolar macrophages. The bacteria are ingested by the macrophages but manage to survive inside. Internalization of the bacilli triggers an inflammatory response that brings other defensive cells to the area. Together, these cells form a mass of tissue, called a granuloma, characteristic of the disease. In its early stage, the granuloma has a core of infected macrophages enclosed by other cells of the immune system. As cellular immunity develops, macrophages loaded with bacteria are killed, resulting in the formation of the caseous center of the granuloma. The bacteria become dormant but may remain alive for decades. This enclosed infection is referred to as latent tuberculosis and may persist throughout a person's life without causing any symptoms. The strength of the body’s immune response determines whether an infection is arrested here or progresses to the next stage. In healthy people, the infection may be stopped permanently at this point. The granulomas subsequently heal, leaving small calcified lesions. On the other hand, if the immune system is compromised by immunosuppressive drugs, HIV infections, malnutrition, aging, or other factors, the bacteria can be re-activated, replicate, escape from the granuloma and spread to other parts of the lungs causing active pulmonary tuberculosis. This reactivation may occur months or even years after the initial infection. In some cases, the bacteria may also spread to other organs of the body via the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. This widespread form of TB disease, called disseminated TB or miliary TB, occurs most commonly in the very young, the very old and those with HIV infections. Tuberculosis is generally treatable with antibiotics. Several antibiotics are usually prescribed for many months due to the slow growth rate of the bacteria. It’s very important that the patients complete the course of the treatment to prevent development of drug-resistant bacteria and re-occurrence of the disease.
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Текстовые комментарии (384)
Alila Medical Media (1 месяц назад)
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All Alien (1 день назад)
I watched this because of rdr2
Señor Hilter (1 месяц назад)
RIP Arthur
Pc Lalchhandama (1 месяц назад)
Can you tell me a medicine of tb....my cough blood
The illuminati (23 часа назад)
My man arthur died
Arthur (1 день назад)
Shit
gentlemen. (2 дня назад)
I’m currently a student in medical school researching this disease but I can’t get good info without RDR2 cutscenes getting in the way
Seanster Yu (2 дня назад)
Spoiler alert for RDR2 players!!!
Wild Lyfe (2 дня назад)
Who else fuckin hates tuberculosis This comment was made by the 19th century squad 💥👀
Ali Badr (2 дня назад)
This video got so many views because to know aurther sickens
Orion Xayn (2 дня назад)
I have TB but it latent tho.
Doge Plays (2 дня назад)
Wow spoiled the game I have this but I was playing red dead but read the comments
Doge Plays (2 дня назад)
Damn Alexa play MAY I STAND UNSHAKEN
Zorex (5 дней назад)
so who the hell is bob
rudolfredo bautista (6 дней назад)
Makurofāji - sensei?
animq4ion boi. (7 дней назад)
Came here for juicy red dead redemption 2 comments
Gretch Comedy (8 дней назад)
Watch out rdr gamers, spoilers ahead..
alvaro1999ification (8 дней назад)
I wanted to learn about Tuberculosis for my career, but got spoiled at the process... well, that was unexpected
Farhad Khan (9 дней назад)
My great grandfather died of tuberculosis I think his name was Arthur
Capone (10 дней назад)
I wish rip stood for return if possible instead so my boah arthur Morgan could come back and finally go to tahiti
deidjera (10 дней назад)
Damn you downes!
theAtomicTitan0 A (7 дней назад)
Damn you Strauss!
Christopher Rumantono (11 дней назад)
My good friend Arthur died because of this disease #RIP
Javier Barrios (11 дней назад)
The gang should have just left after they got Jack from Bronte they should have went West where the deserts at so Arthur Morgan could prolong his life until they have a tuberculosis treatment
theAtomicTitan0 A (7 дней назад)
But Tahiti..
Arthur Morgan (11 дней назад)
Well this here's gonna suck. I knew when the sumbitch coughed blood on me, I was gonna git sick.
Viper 76 (12 дней назад)
Rip Arthur Morgan
CoolChicken_1213 (12 дней назад)
The only reason why this video blew up is because of rockstar
Conor J (12 дней назад)
RIP ARTHUR
Joe Fidell (13 дней назад)
Arthur Morgan 😔😔
The DisneyAddict (15 дней назад)
Everybody is here because of Arthur Morgan, lol.
John McRae (15 дней назад)
Came here looking for Dutch’s plan..?
MrCrayonBoy 911 (15 дней назад)
That 5% percent is my boah Arthur Morgan
James Barnett (16 дней назад)
Literally the comment section of every TB video... i cAmE HeRe fRoM ReD dEaD 2
Nacho Aguado (16 дней назад)
131 dislikes are from Arthur Morgan and the Dutch Gang
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Microbacteria? More like micahbacteria
TheRavager 123 (18 дней назад)
I’ve been getting these TB videos ever since I watched Arthur Morgan be diagnosed with it
double-o G (18 дней назад)
Cant find a video on lumbago
Jasonb373 (15 дней назад)
It's a slow painful death
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Its very serious
XXROCCOXX8 (20 дней назад)
RIP Arthur (black lung)
THE XPRT GAMER (20 дней назад)
XXROCCOXX8 Damn can’t get away from these god damn spoilers
Ben Dover (20 дней назад)
Rest In Peace Arthur Morgan
Veronica Johnson (20 дней назад)
My god, poor Arthur. This killed my boah.
THEBIGWHITEGUNS 1643 (20 дней назад)
Arthur Morgan had this but i didnt know how messed up tuberculoses caused lungs and other organs to make holes in them, just imagine the pain in Arthur. Rest in peace my friend
Dutch van der Linde (22 дня назад)
It is over now, Arthur.
Arthur Morgan (22 дня назад)
Anyone came here after beating up Tomas downes and getting TB
Jakesblade 22 (1 день назад)
Arthur Morgan when I played as you, I didn't punch him once. Except the game automatically made me punch him when he tried hitting me with the shovel. Just threatened him and he still spit on me.
Piggy sew (22 дня назад)
WhEre'S OuR MEnêH
EXTRA THICC raw sauce (23 дня назад)
Why has this stuff keep popping up in my recommendation after playing red dead 2?
I can explain my profile pic (23 дня назад)
Lumbago is deadly than tuberculosis
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Amen
XxxxGMoNeY Xxxx (24 дня назад)
All i see is rdr 2 comments
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
T A H I T I
Th3LGBT Dragon (25 дней назад)
Arthur morgan RIP
Uncle (25 дней назад)
Well it ain't LuMbAgO
TU nguyen (25 дней назад)
Stay away from vietnam tb capital of the world
Alecrates Tundag (14 дней назад)
It was south africa where the outbreak worsen.
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Go to Tahiti mango capital of the world
Piggy sew (22 дня назад)
Stay away from the downs ranch tb ranch capital of the world
Samuel Reid (27 дней назад)
This shit killed my main man Arthur Morgan
Arthur Morgan (27 дней назад)
Rip me 😭
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
I miss you
Heya Bois (27 дней назад)
*WHERES MY MUNEH FELLER?*
Patrick De jesus (27 дней назад)
Mr. Morgan told me to click this. In the afterlife
FroTown Bro (27 дней назад)
This comment section is pure lumbago.
Clash (29 дней назад)
RIP Arthur.
Shahz Arminz (29 дней назад)
black lung
]-〉ΣΔ†]-[ (30 дней назад)
R.I.P Edgar Allen Poe. Yay for being different and not join the RD2 train.
semih koksal (30 дней назад)
Arthur morgan.. my man.. why did u have to die 😭
Deep Dark Fantasies (1 месяц назад)
lumbago
Ham Burger (1 месяц назад)
Anyone watching this cuz of red dead redemption 2?
henry alvarez (1 месяц назад)
Morgan has left the chat
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
John has entered the chat
Jason Pruitt (1 месяц назад)
Arthur Morgan. Rip. 😭
golden experience requiem (1 месяц назад)
Lumbago is worse
Anthony Acosta (1 месяц назад)
But what about my *LUMBAGO*
Rekt Ghost (1 месяц назад)
This killed my man Arthur
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
At least it werent Micah
MrQuincy27 (1 месяц назад)
Has anyone seen Gavin?
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Gav?
yblaze (1 месяц назад)
Do u know my good friend Arthur???
Justin Frazier (1 месяц назад)
1899. No antibiotics. Doc. Recommendations?
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Avoid Guarma
theAtomicTitan0 A (1 месяц назад)
Somewhere. warm and dry but not Tahiti
lsr444 (1 месяц назад)
People became curious about TB after playing RDR2! I love it! :)
Gilbert Regalado (1 месяц назад)
Rdr2
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Yes Gilbert, rdr2
Simo tabiti (1 месяц назад)
ff
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
To pay respects
Pericles Viglis (1 месяц назад)
Red dead redemption 2 anyone?
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
More like everyone
Md ujjal hossain pathan (1 месяц назад)
ujjal
IMfromNYCity (1 месяц назад)
Mr. Downes' secret weapon
Souper Effective (1 месяц назад)
#LongLiveArthur
Rashka Adan (1 месяц назад)
My friend is ill with her tp hes new the infiction is new hw can hee recover well doctor if you see ma massage pls pls answres
Skyler Wagner (1 месяц назад)
Trying to see how i can help arthur out 😼
Oblitz Katoki (1 месяц назад)
I only browse this after play through the red dead redemption 2
Samuel Reid (1 месяц назад)
Who would win? Arthur Morgan or one bacteria boi
Farid Khan (1 месяц назад)
How to destroy it
Anthony Shunnarah (1 месяц назад)
Rest easy, Art. :(
irfan Ahmed (1 месяц назад)
I was smoking alot in 1999 I felt really unwell then I had chest x-ray in 1999 it was clear but still I felt unwell all the way from may 1999 to jan 2000 then after that I was better without any medication. And I have never ever smoked since never will ever and now since June 2018 this year I feel the same as 1999 and no I don't smoke!! It feels like my vains blood vessels Artiries and nerves aren't circulating proper I have no air to breathe .. Then August this year 2018 I had ct scan for my lungs and chest and my results were clear!! Anyone know what I'm suffering from????? Plz
fatcat (1 месяц назад)
Oh Arthur....
Cat Doy (1 месяц назад)
sponsored by rockstar
the gaming giraffe (1 месяц назад)
Rip Arthur morgan gone to soon
Kennysir TW (1 месяц назад)
Oh Arthur......
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Dont you oh Arthur me, not now
Jøhñŷ Töûçåñ (1 месяц назад)
Ok but how might a cowboy in the late 1800s to early 1900s find a cure for this
Queek headtaker (17 дней назад)
Jøhñŷ Töûçåñ doc holidays lasted most of his life by living in the driest zones of the old west, he ironically dammed himself by visiting a hot spring with supposed healing powers, spending time in Saint Denis and guarma sped up Arthur’s infection, though I guess if he did move to Australia he could have done alright provided he stick to the outback
Claystead (1 месяц назад)
There is no cure for TB. You can kill the disease with antibiotics (which were not invented yet in 1899), but the damage the disease has already caused in the body is incurable.
Tyler The Guy (1 месяц назад)
I know you're talking about RDR 2, but realistically, get to a climate dry and warm and wait it out with a 50% chance of survival. Best case scenario, the infection runs it's course and you live the rest of your life being relatively weak. Worst case scenario, it prolongs your life and you eventually die anyway.
JD 436 (1 месяц назад)
My boah...
tyler coblentz (1 месяц назад)
Rip Arthur Morgan 😭😭😭😭😭
meme boi (1 месяц назад)
But arthur morgan still won nonut novembet, he havent fap for his entite life
Deltrik D (1 месяц назад)
Lol I love that everyone here is for Arthur
Savage Dpd (1 месяц назад)
Wish arthur saw this video
Savage Dpd (1 месяц назад)
This killed my feller arthur
Tommy Vercetti (17 дней назад)
Better than Micah killing him
Savage Dpd (1 месяц назад)
RIP arthur morgan
Cigar3tin Nic0tin0 (1 месяц назад)
Can’t believe this killed my BOAH
Arthur Morgan (1 месяц назад)
Arthur Morgan Has Left The Chat....
Charles Smith (14 дней назад)
R.I.P my friend.
seyf klc (15 дней назад)
I will always love u arthur.
TheFatNinja N (1 месяц назад)
How can I make a cure by using just medication available in 1899
28Chains (1 месяц назад)
Doc. Holiday had tb, his girlfriend contracted tb, in Rome a pretty well known general had tb his name eludes me for some reason, also the Chinese people who were running opium Den's in the 1800's contracted tb and took it to China. That's how the disease spread the word.
Mr. Smiley (1 месяц назад)
Red Dead Tuberculosis
angel_felix601 (1 месяц назад)
red dead made me cry tbh im barely on chapter 5 helping john put dynamite on the bridge and i found out he was diagnosed wit tuberculosis I broke down
The FBI (1 месяц назад)
this shit caused the death of my dude arthur THAT MF BACTERIA MADE ME CRY
Darryan (1 месяц назад)
GAVIN?!
TheGoldenStarGirl (1 месяц назад)
Wait...SO THERE'S ESSENTIALLY A ONE IN THREE CHANCE YOU CAN HAVE TB?! I mean, I know it's most likely dormant, BUT IT'S STILL TB!
DeepCupsChan119 (2 месяца назад)
Oh my god everyone’s talking about Arthur’s death in every single video on YouTube comments about tb XD plus Dutch dies in red dead 1 when John revenge him in the mountains
K MONTESA (2 месяца назад)
Oh Arthur

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