Recently I've been reading a lot about Stoicism. It has been a very practical philosophy that I've been using in my day to day life.
Marcus Aurelius - Meditations
Epictetus - Enchiridion
The word stoic often connotes emotionless-ness, a cold and hardened heart, or strength. But this connotation would seem inaccurate to the original stoics. Stoics are people who practice stoicism which is a philosophy that is thought to have been developed in the times of ancient Greece. Stoics basically believe that everything is rooted in the natural order of the universe and that to live a good life one must understand the rules of the natural order and align their beliefs, thoughts, and actions with it.
In Stoicism, it is recognized that all humans have a tendency to have destructive emotions. They believe that it is in the way that we think and how self-disciplined we are with our thinking that we can overcome destructive emotions and develop a character and mind that is unbiased and calm – or what Buddhist might consider as enlightened. The Stoics understand that the world is chaotic and that the people that inhabit the world can be extremely destructive. Despite whatever negative circumstances surround us however, it is our thoughts that dictate our state. A well-known stoic Marcus Aurelius, who is considered to be one of the last great emperors of Rome, describes that, “The universe is change; our life is what our thoughts make it.” Our destiny, in other words, is not fixed. It is up to how we think about our circumstances that will determine it. Another Stoic, Epictetus who was born into slavery and eventually banished from his home in Rome said, "sick and yet happy, in peril and yet happy, dying and yet happy, in exile and happy, in disgrace and happy.” Whatever outside events happen, we can remain stable handed and at peace if we learn to self-discipline our thoughts and reactions to outside events.
As in some key eastern philosophies, the Stoics stressed that clear judgment and spiritual freedom come from an absence of suffering. Epictetus states that, “The essence of the philosophy is that we should live so that our happiness depends on as little as possible on external causes.” To end suffering in Stoicism, one must have a balanced emotional response in the face of life’s highs and lows. Part of this means expecting that life is going to throw curve balls at you. That people will betray you. That you will face challenges that test your will. With the understanding that nature is an ever changing, chaotic, and wild phenomenon one can take their first steps in finding a level headedness during those wild rides the natural order of things puts us on. The Stoics would say that it’s ok, in fact it’s natural that unexpected events happens. It is neither good nor evil, just natural and it allows us a chance to practice self-discipline in our thoughts and reactions.
Stoicism is not just a belief system, but it is a way of life, a daily ritual. It involves constant growth in theory, practice, and reflection. It also involves a practice of mindfulness similar to eastern philosophies. The Stoics stress training in our ability to keep our attention on the present moment. However, there are no strict doctrines that the Stoics follow, but instead, underlying principles that can be adapted to meet each individual’s needs. One practice that Marcus Aurelius defines in one of his journal entries is, “Say to yourself in the early morning: I shall meet today ungrateful, violent, treacherous, envious, uncharitable men. All of the ignorance of real good and ill... I can neither be harmed by any of them, for no man will involve me in wrong, nor can I be angry with my kinsman or hate him; for we have come into the world to work together...” Aurelius prepares himself for his day by expecting the unexpected to happen, by expecting that he will encounter evil men, by expecting that challenges will occur, and by promising that none of those events can cause him harm.
Stoicism is a very powerful and pragmatic philosophy that can be used to guide ones spirit in tough times.
(Causality Laws) Every effect has a cause. Therefore all lies are the effect of its cause known as selfishness, and it's visibly identifiable as greed; ultimately for the desire in more out of control.
Ps. After all, what form of negativity does not grow from the seed of selfishness as Greed? If the absolute truth causes Happiness to always exist; can we know/choose to continually live for peace at any level (micro to macro) without a valid understanding of the Causality Laws within Love?
(Human Nature Love Pattern) https://www.amazon.com/Causality-Love-Cause.../dp/B01M675DD2
It's baisicly ignorance and/or arogance towards suffering.
You won't deal with the pain, you won't understand what it is.
Therefore you won't be able to help others trough the lak of motivation.
You could give yourself in to the circumstances which may cause you
psychological or physical pain you can not ignore. Any form of pain leads
towards change, any change even. Any form of happiness leads towards consistancy and
stability. You can not annihilate one of them without annihilating a part
of the other one. For example, if everyone is happy, the happiness may
fade through the abense of suffering. You would forget why you seeked
for happiness in the first place. You can't know truth or perfection
when you don't know what is false or unperfect..
How to be be a smartass mtfucker in a self deceiving ideology of mass betrayal and slaughter? Distance yourself from it and pick any ideology\religion for enhanced sublimation. Marcus Aurelius? Fuck man. Why not love Trump\Melania and sell some banana republic bullshit? Any monkey will die for it, I promise.
I don't take to philosophy! The cartoon drawing is annoying! Also it's not educational! So I need to overcome destructive emotions by thinking? Does that mean I should stop thinking of beating the crap out of you and start thinking of turning the video off? Listening to you talk is giving me a desire! Good bye!
One of the things of stoicism is that is based in four cardinal virtudes:
Wisdom, Temperance, Justice & Courage!
It is much of an Egalitarian concept more than anything because it's power lays in the these 4 thoughtful principles!
I am a practitioner of it! Very hard to do!
Philosophy of Stoicism:
MGTOW The Joker 🃏
Well, how can you desire things that in your power? How do you live then? I want a private jet, yet it’s not in my power and on my way to achieving my dream I’ll encounter negative emotions. So I better know and learn how to control these emotions instead of not desiring things that seem “out of my power.” It totally contradicts most of the successful people.
2:35 - No. The Stoics believed exactly that. That the world is as it is and that everything is already determined. Because of that, we should accept our fate and learn to live our lives according to our destiny. Stoics also told about improving ourselves everyday and perfecting our minds and bodies through practicing 4 cardinal virtues.
It was really good explanation of Stoicism.. You kept it straight to point as well as show difference and similarities between all other western & Eastern Philosophies like Buddhism, Taoism.. Etc.. I really liked that Two point one about :- Epictetus's quote 👌👌 and second one was last Aurelius daily morning ritual... 👌👌and Also i loved abt that 'Mindfulness' Habit to practice Daily. i watched one video of " School of life " abt Stoicism and they Made it very pessimistic & ill-Natured by taking wrong examples of Seneca & gave very wrong idea about Stoicism by saying Seneca's advice :- if there's no way... Suicide is last .. They made Stoicism look like very wrong .
I thank you for this one...
Great illustrations....but content is very poor. In a six minute video one would have to be very concise and get into the subject in depth very fast..I think your knowledge is very average on the topic..and it would be advisable to get more knowledge especially for a philosophy topic. Also you cannot assume that people know about buddhism or other philosophies.. It complicates the topic even further when you have not explained the principal topic..
So, don't desire to buy a house because you're not in 'complete' control and you might get disappointed. Well, if this person understood that it wasn't really in their control (like a true stoic) but went for it anyway and it didn't go through, then that mental preparation (or expectation) would mitigate any negative emotions. So its not so much the desire but the expectation.
so many philosophies say that you shouldn't desire much because you will be unhappy if you don't achieve that thing. but I always think that you should try to achieve the most difficult things, because if you aim for the stars you will achieve a lot more than if you convinced yourself that the thing you are trying to achieve is beyond your reach.
I got into stoicism as a 13 year old after a spout with bullying and being generally unhappy for a while. I got the basic idea I guess. It mostly served to make me passive and unambitous. When faced with bullying I just ignored it and kept my head above the fray. An old classmate jokingly referred to me as baby jesus afterwards. Its got its up and downsides. Especially when you are young and supposed to make something of yourself. At that age its hard to know what is realistic and what isnt. And it could end up with you never trying anything in the first place.
I can see similarities between stoicism and ACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy), a form of 3rd wave cognitive-behavioral therapy. In ACT it is differentiated between 6 processes that lead to human (psychological) suffering. The example with the failed deal had ACTlike ways of dealing with the disappointment. I recommend checking it out if stoicism appeals to you.
What is the line that separates stoicism and pessimism. I've always been an optimistic person but i don't shy away from the thought that things can go wrong any time. I thought that was stoicism. But more recent videos kind of talk about pessimism quite a lot and i don't think having no external desires and constantly thinking negatively about your friends and family is healthy. It may have varying degrees of usefulness for an individual, but as a human, we are more meant to be community minded.
I find myself agreeing with most of what stoicism has to say. Although, I couldn't bring myself to agree with the fact that stoicism tells us not to desire things that are not in our control. I believe we should always stride to achieve things in and outside of our own power and control and if we fall short learn to control our emotions at that point, rather than not attempting at all and saving ourselves from any potential failure, success or destructive emotions
Traolach De Faoite I feel like I’m in the same boat! But for me, my rationalization of this is that things are only out of our control if we say they are; whether we come to this conclusion from a failed attempt or from presumptive defeat, it doesn’t really matter. What matters is that we restrain ourselves from longing for that something - quell our desires.
I think you misused the word 'doctrine.' Dogma fits better in that context. The U.S. Department of Defense uses doctrine as guidelines written by wise experienced persons that can be departed from based upon the commander's understanding of the situation.
**Attn Viewers** Skip to 1:37 if you are watching this video to learn about Stoicism. If you are in the mood for hearing the many ways stoicism has impacted the narrators life, then the first 1:37 is where you want to be.
Seems like common sense to be honest, except for the fact that if you desire things out of your control then not only will you never be disappointed but you will never achieve things you thought impossible.
Not a word about emotions (and their place) in rational thought. Get out of here, man. You haven't read anything from Greek philosophers about stoicism. You're just regurgitating whatever you heard on Youtube and read on some websites. What a load of crap!
Isn't it bad to say something that you know that's gonna happen instead of trying to change what's gonna happen if you don't like the results it?
There is no thing outside of your control, you can control everything that can happen if you do it right.
Jeeze these people debating wether or not buddhism and stoicism are diffrent or not, they once again be missing the whole pooint of them both.
Stoic says, everything we witness is wired through the causality. All we can do is making the best out of any given situation.
So, everything you see, hear, feel, smell and taste all day is changing your mood a little. Stoicism is the philosophy, the way of thinking, that, even tho your boss is screaming at you, doesn't mean he is angry at you, maybe his son just crashed His Merceds into a wall, and he just turned upside down when you did a mistake.
Doesn't mean you lower your exspectations, rather means you don't assume anything at all and enjoy the going despite any circumstances. If they ain't enjoyable, you can make them enjoyable my humor, or a diffrent way of thinking.
That's, imo, the best link to buddhism there can be in any western form of culture. So please shut the f*** up and enjoy the video.
Stoicism as an attitude can be part of your philosophy. As a philosophy itself, much like Buddhism, it always struck me as leaving a lot to be desired. Both seem to set as your central goal the avoidance of suffering or the seeking of bliss. This is of course "nice" to have but my primary focus in life shouldn't be myself or my own happiness. That seems very empty. The focus should be on improving yourself in order to improve in small part the world around you.
A wonderful summary of this Philosophy that I like very much. I am also reading a book on Stoicism and I find it very helpful, inspiring and good for my life. Many thanks for sharing this video is very kind of you and I appreciate if very much.
Don't avoid desire out of the fear of experiencing human emotion (good or bad). Learn how to feel them without letting them control you and learn to love them all. Emotional experiences are yours, cherish them all before you die.
Just incase people were wondering (Considering it wasnt actually recommended in the video) the book that you should be reading or at least the one regarding Emperor Marcus Aurelius is called "The meditations of Marcus Aurelius," Hope this helps, its a great read.
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