3 criteria have to be fulfilled by an invention to receive patent protection for 20 years: inventive step, industrial application, novelty.
With a patent in place, user rights can be clearly defined and licensed. Teaming up with governmental institutions, organizations
and academic scientist becomes easier. A big help when researching new treatments for unmet medical needs.
It depends on the date of application and the regulations of national authorities when and for how long the patent is valid.
Once approved the Orphan Drug Status allows inventors to keep sales rights exclusive for a little longer. An exception to reduce the financial risk and encourage the work on treatments for rare disorders. The length of protection depends on the country and region.
Community pharmacists are the health professionals most accessible to the public. They supply medicines in accordance with a prescription or, when legally permitted, sell them without a prescription. In addition to ensuring an accurate supply of appropriate products, their professional activities also cover counselling of patients at the time of dispensing of prescription and non-prescription drugs, drug information to health professionals, patients and the general public, and participation in health-promotion programmes. They maintain links with other health professionals in primary health care.