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In this video , we have discussed about GPAT NIPER-Previous Year Solved Questions-MCQ 41-50 .We tried to prepare the best content for you so watch the video until the end.
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Different schedules of drugs:-
Topic discussed in the video:-
41-If C is the concentration of dissolved drug and Cs is the saturation concentration. In which case the sink condition is said to be maintained?
Ans-C less than 10% of Cs
Note- Saturation is the point at which the solute of a substance can dissolve no more of that substance and additional amounts of it will appear as a separate phase e.g. precipitate. The sink condition may be defined as the volume of dissolution medium, with or without a solubilizer, needed to provide complete dissolution of the expected amount of drug present in the product.
42-Upon standing sometimes gel system shrinks a bit and little liquid is pressed out. What is this phenomenon known as?
Note- Syneresis is the expulsion (or weeping) of liquid from a gel. It is sometimes a desired result, as in gel filtration. It is undesired in case, such as when the liquid seeps out of pie filling or puddles form on the top of yogurt or margarine.
43-Which of the following routes of administration of drugs is associated with Phlebitis?
Note- Phlebitis means inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is due to one or more blood clots in a vein that cause inflammation. Treatments may include a warm compress, anti-inflammatory medication, compression stockings, and blood thinners.
44-Study the following two statements and choose the correct answer?
[P]-Antibodies are serum proteins providing immunity
[Q]-IgG provides immunity to new born babies whereas IgM is 1st generation antibody
Ans-Both P & Q are correct
Note- (IgG)-protects against bacterial and viral infections. (IgM)-the first antibody to be made by the body to fight a new infection. (IgE) bind to mast cells and basophils which participate in the immune response. (IgA) is to bind antigens on microbes before they invade tissues, are also first defense for mucosal surfaces such as the intestines, nose, and lungs. (IgD) is present on the surface of B cells and plays a role in the induction of antibody production.
45-Which wavelength of UV light provides maximum germicidal action?
Note- Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) is a disinfection method that uses short-wavelength ultraviolet (UV-C) light to kill or inactivate microorganisms by destroying nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA, leaving them unable to perform vital cellular functions.
46-Innuction refers to?
Ans-Rubbing the drug in oily vehicles
Note- Innuction-The rubbing of a drug mixed with an oil or fatty substance into the skin, to cause absorption of the active ingredient.
47-In gene transfer which metal particle is often used?
Note- A gene gun or a biolistic particle delivery system, originally designed for plant transformation, is a device for delivering exogenous DNA(transgenes) to cells. The payload is an elemental particle of a heavy metal coated with DNA (typically plasmid DNA).
48-The pharmacokinetic alteration in elderly are due to?
Ans- Reduction in lean body mass and total body water
Increase in percentage of body fat
Reduction in cytochrome P450 enzyme
49-The most commonly employed reference compound in NMR study?
50-Which of the following schedule include shelf life of drugs?
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Community pharmacists are the health professionals most accessible to the public. They supply medicines in accordance with a prescription or, when legally permitted, sell them without a prescription. In addition to ensuring an accurate supply of appropriate products, their professional activities also cover counselling of patients at the time of dispensing of prescription and non-prescription drugs, drug information to health professionals, patients and the general public, and participation in health-promotion programmes. They maintain links with other health professionals in primary health care.