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Thyroid Gland, Hormones and Thyroid Problems, Animation

Оценок: 989 | Просмотров: 98394
Regulation of thyroid hormone, hyper- and hypothyroidism: causes, symptoms and treatment, goiter. This video and similar images/videos are available for instant download licensing here https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/endocrinology Voice by: Sue Stern ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped ENDOCRINE gland located in the neck. It is wrapped around the trachea, just below the thyroid cartilage –the Adam’s apple. The two major hormones of the thyroid are triiodothyronine, T3 and thyroxine, T4. The numbers 3 and 4 indicate the number of iodine atoms present in a molecule of each hormone. T3 and T4 are collectively referred to as THYROID hormones. Thyroid hormone secretion is under control of thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, from the anterior pituitary. TSH, in turn, is induced by thyrotropin-releasing hormone, TRH, produced by the hypothalamus. The amount of circulating thyroid hormones is regulated by a negative feedback loop: when their levels are too high, they SUPPRESS the production of TSH and TRH, consequently INHIBITING their own production. Thyroid hormones act to INCREASE the body’s metabolic rate. They stimulate appetite, digestion, breakdown of nutrients and absorption. They also increase oxygen consumption, raise the breathing rate, heart rate and contraction strength. As a result, the body’s HEAT production is INCREASED. Thyroid hormone secretion usually rises in winter months to keep the body warm. Thyroid hormones are also important for bone growth and fetal brain development. There are 2 major groups of thyroid problems: HYPOthyroidism: when the thyroid does NOT produce ENOUGH hormones, resulting in a LOW metabolic rate, combined with SLOW respiratory and cardiovascular activities. Common symptoms include fatigue, weight gain despite poor appetite, cold intolerance, slow heart rate, heavy menstrual bleeding and constipation. Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto's thyroiditis are the most common causes. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is gradually destroyed by the body’s own immune system. Hypothyroidism, especially when caused by iodine deficiency, may lead to swelling of the thyroid gland, known as GOITER. In an attempt to fix the low levels of thyroid hormones, the pituitary produces MORE TSH to further stimulate the thyroid gland. The thyroid, while UNable to make hormones WITHOUT iodine, responds to TSH by GROWING in size. Hypothyroidism is managed with thyroxine hormone replacement. HYPERthyroidism: when the thyroid gland produces TOO MUCH hormones, resulting in a TOO ACTIVE metabolism, together with respiratory and cardiovascular rates that are HIGHER than necessary. Common symptoms include irritability, insomnia, weight loss despite good appetite, heat intolerance, heart racing and diarrhea. Hyperthyroidism is most commonly caused by Graves' disease, another autoimmune disorder characterized by presence of an antibody, called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin, TSI. TSI, similar to TSH, stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones. Unlike TSH, however, TSI is NOT regulated by negative feedback mechanisms, leading to UNcontrolled production of thyroid hormones. TSI also stimulates the thyroid gland to grow, which MAY lead to formation of a goiter. Hyperthyroidism may be managed with drugs that suppress thyroid function, radioactive iodine that selectively destroys the thyroid gland, or surgery that removes part of the gland.
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Текстовые комментарии (42)
Wafakhan Wafakhan (22 дня назад)
Meagel Watson (30 дней назад)
I would love to get the number from you guys so I can call you
m manasa (1 месяц назад)
It's damn good... Will you plz make videos on diabetes....
Michael Macdonald (1 месяц назад)
epithelial cell glutamate metabolism, and active membrane transport.
baba khan (1 месяц назад)
Eric DeMartino (2 месяца назад)
Such a great video, short and to the point. Thanks a lot, I used it as a study tool for my upcoming physiology final.
Naga Jyothi (2 месяца назад)
Good information
Health Victory (2 месяца назад)
What are all tge nutrients needed in this process. Please give a detailed explanation
Alila Medical Media (29 дней назад)
Help us make more videos like this! Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: https://www.patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia/posts Thank you so much!
OhuD RāhĒēm (5 месяцев назад)
Thanks for teac
Sailesh Kumar Mishra (5 месяцев назад)
Can you make Video on muscle contractions and conduction of nerve impulse.
hyunja jazmin (5 месяцев назад)
very good.
حسين عبد المنعم (6 месяцев назад)
Arnab Dutta (6 месяцев назад)
Feeling lucky to find this channel in youtube.
wali zurmati (6 месяцев назад)
thanks for your video , i have a question that how hyperthyroid causes diarrhea ? infact that in hyperthyroid there is increase stimulation of sympathetic , as we know sympathetic stimulation causes reduce gi motility .
Yelisa van der Bij (6 месяцев назад)
I might need some iodine.
jinhi9005 (6 месяцев назад)
Cheers for this, I've been looking for "perfusion" for a while now, and I think this has helped. Have you heard people talk about - Yannabarn Vanish Thyroid - (should be on google have a look ) ? Ive heard some awesome things about it and my colleague got cool results with it.
Sandip Kumar (7 месяцев назад)
nissan chowdhury (7 месяцев назад)
is it life time treatment?
AIIMS VIDEOS (7 месяцев назад)
your voice is clear
AIIMS VIDEOS (7 месяцев назад)
leave videos of CVS respiratory system topic
AIIMS VIDEOS (7 месяцев назад)
thank you so much
jameel sofi (7 месяцев назад)
great job
Romeo with out julliyet (7 месяцев назад)
how can we activate............ pituitary gland......for hight.growth . please help
Eliud Wafula (7 месяцев назад)
All I need to know about the thyroid is all here in 4mins thank u very much
Robert Gabor (8 месяцев назад)
Cheers for this, been searching for "what is thyroid and what are its symptoms" for a while now, and I think this has helped. Have you heard people talk about - Yannabarn Vanish Thyroid - (do a search on google ) ? Ive heard some great things about it and my mate got amazing results with it.
Sad Mad (8 месяцев назад)
why don't you discussing every disorder of the thyroid gland with full details😕? short information not enough i want full and complete details please
Haseeb Ahmad (8 месяцев назад)
Thank you. You were very clear communicator.
Abid Hayat (8 месяцев назад)
THANK'S alot.....it was to much easy in understanding
ratakonda charitha (9 месяцев назад)
omg! my prof teached this topic for 1 hour.. but you have brilliant explanation.. it made me easy to understand... thanks much
sanja medic (9 дней назад)
Cheers for this, I have been researching "how does someone get hypothyroidism" for a while now, and I think this has helped. You ever tried - Yannabarn Vanish Thyroid - (should be on google have a look ) ? Ive heard some great things about it and my colleague got cool results with it.
syed s (9 месяцев назад)
Very muchUnderstanding video jazak Allhu khayran
Cool Man (10 месяцев назад)
Thank u very much😃
Wolf Girl (10 месяцев назад)
I understand so well now ! I used to not know all that! 😮
Dr.Mangal Kumar (10 месяцев назад)
Good Dr Vikram
Memoona Rasool (10 месяцев назад)
Make videos of full 2nd year fsc book...if possible
Alila Medical Media (10 месяцев назад)
Please be specific about the topics, we have no ideas of any class programs.
Zergounette (10 месяцев назад)
This was great, I been tryin to find out about "lugol's solution thyroid" for a while now, and I think this has helped. You ever tried - Yannabarn Vanish Thyroid - (do a search on google ) ? Ive heard some super things about it and my m8 got excellent results with it.
Monisha Vetriselvan (11 месяцев назад)
Thanks it help a lot do put more videos
Debojit Roy (11 месяцев назад)
Thanq Alila medical... Helped a lot
hAnumAn dAsAm (11 месяцев назад)
Could u please upload videos over ARRHYTHMIAS
Alila Medical Media (11 месяцев назад)
It's already here : https://youtu.be/6LrptveKYus And more cardiology in this playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJIs8ZcKXHUwdmQl1hxgtiTrKS1mOoVSi

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