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Xantelasmele sunt depozite benigne de grasime (colesterol), situate superficial in piele (dermul superficial). Apar de obicei la nivelul pleoapelor inferioare si superioare, sub forma unor insule alb-galbui ,usor supradenivelate. Sunt moi, nedureroase si au suprafata neteda cu margini bine delimitate. Odata aparute, nu dispar de la sine, ci dimpotriva, cresc lent în dimensiuni.
Xantelasmele evoluează şi produc deficit cosmetic, invadand tesuturile din jur. Tratamentul sau indepartarea xantelasmelor se face chirurgical (excizie - sutura) si se realizeaza cu anestezie locala. Rezultatul este cu atat mai bun cu cat adresarea la medic se face cand formaţiunea are dimensiuni mici.
In more than half of the cases, the patients have high cholesterol level called hypercholesterolemia (LDL cholesterol, which is "the bad" one and low HDL cholesterol - the "good one"). Increased level of cholesterol can be a caused by many conditions like kidney disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes any many more. Sometimes the cause of hypercholesterolemia is unknown, and it is not related to any specific disease.
Xantelhasma can also appear to patients with normal level of cholesterol. Some causes are genetic, others depends on the lifestyle or can be medication side-effects.
A medical check up is necessary to determine which is the condition that caused the appearance of the eyelid deposits.
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These can be reduced by very carefully placing Garlic on the xanth and holding in place for a few minutes. This burns the skin. After doing this for 3 ish days a scab will begin to form, as the scab is removed it brings the fatty deposit with it. I have had surgery for these and they came back. I have used the garlic method several times. Whatever method you use it does scar. With surgery they cut it out and stitch it, you can only have this done a couple of times as the skin is pulled closer to stitch and therefore reduces. I am not a doctor and have no medical training but I have used this method. The garlic stings like crazy, make sure you cut it and only place it over the xanth. Make sure you have clean hands and take care of the wound afterwards to prevent infection. Also you might not want to go out for a couple of days and do not expose yourself to strong sunshine or extreme cold. The xanths usually disappear or become flat for several months and can be repeated. Do not get garlic in your eye. These can be covered up with good concealer like Veil cream. Not for the faint hearted.
Community pharmacists are the health professionals most accessible to the public. They supply medicines in accordance with a prescription or, when legally permitted, sell them without a prescription. In addition to ensuring an accurate supply of appropriate products, their professional activities also cover counselling of patients at the time of dispensing of prescription and non-prescription drugs, drug information to health professionals, patients and the general public, and participation in health-promotion programmes. They maintain links with other health professionals in primary health care.