Gender is a very touchy subject these days - whether you believe it's a social construct or you don't. Both sides of the argument seem to overlook evidence on the opposing view. In this short video I'll go over some of the main arguments and evidence that both support the idea of gender as a social construct and refute it.
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In recent years many social scientists have begun to believe that gender identity is not a stable and fixed trait. They argue that it is socially constructed and can vary over time. Some have even argued that there are more than two genders and have created additional classifications by using terms such as cis-gender, transgender, gender queer, non-binary, gender fluid, agender, etc.
Anyways, the two competing ideas about whether gender is a social construct come from the familiar nature vs. nurture debate. In other words, is it our environment that makes us who we are or our biology?
Those who say gender is a social construct often argue the following:
1. There are differences in gender norms in different cultures. For example there are subcultures in India that identify three genders. And in Chile some believe you must channel another gender to accomplish certain tasks. The list goes on. According to the academics Candace West and Don Zimmerman gender is “an emergent feature of social situations: both as an outcome of and a rationale for various social arrangements, and as a means of legitimating one of the most fundamental divisions of society" (West & Zimmerman, 1977, p. 126). By the way I looked up Candace West on Rate My Professor and she only got a 2.1 out of 5. Would you eat at a restaurant that got such a low Yelp score? I don’t think so. Old Donny didn’t do much better.
2. Language forms our reality. The words man and woman are simply words to describe certain phenomena, but don’t describe every option or experience of all people in our culture. Phrases like “be a man” or “boys don’t cry” are used to pressure boys into conforming to traditional masculine gender roles while “run like a girl” and other women-centered phrases pressure girls into behaving in a way that is considered traditionally feminine.
Others say that gender is a feature of nature, not nurture. They say:
1. Being exposed to testosterone and estrogen will make the way we behave inherently different. For example, there are studies that show male babies and female babies behave differently given different stimulus. Male babies tend to stare longer at mechanic objects while female babies tend to stare longer at faces which may explain why women and men tend to find themselves in different career paths –men often gravitate toward science and engineering while women toward health care and education.
2. The reason some women and men identify as a gender opposite of their sex is because sometimes nature has hiccups. For example some female fetuses are exposed to large quantities of male hormones and develop Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia – a fancy term for a disease that may alter the sex organs of people. Also, there are members of the trans-community that believe gender is biological. Some transwomen have stated that while they were brought into this world as men, from the get go they felt biologically that they were women, and thus behaved as a woman. Their argument is that if gender was socially constructed, then as a boy who felt like a girl they would have been socially pressured into feeling like boys. However, despite being socially pressured into feeling like boys these transgender women have always felt like women despite their sex being male.
3. A boy named David Reimar whose circumcision went horribly wrong, was given sex reassignment surgery as a 22 month year old and was raised as a girl named Brenda. Brenda was given girl toys, but always seemed to gravitate toward more traditionally boy toys. Eventually as a teenager she expressed her suicidal thoughts to her parents, and her father told her what had happened. Despite the female hormones and socialized pressures to be a girl, Brenda identified as a male and changed her name back to David when she was 14. Years later David started treatment to reverse the reassignment given to him as a 22 month year old and married a woman. Unfortunately years later after battling with a failed marriage and depression, at 38 years old he killed himself. This shows that despite the social pressures of David’s parents and doctors to identify as a girl – he still felt like a boy.
Fun thing though, you said that testosterone/estrogen is a biological factor that influences behavior, and then proceed to say that even though someone produces testosterone they later transitioned to a girl. So it didn’t come from nurture, sure they were raised as a boy, but they were also under the influence of testosterone which is a biological influence. WHAT. That argument just invalidated itself, sorry man
Simple break down for normal people. You either have seed or grow seed. How u act is not related. If you decide you want to be like or act like seed growers (female) doesn't make u able to grow seed. If u wanna say I'm a seed growers and u aren't, you're insane. The reality of this mental illness is just this. Fucking mental.
Sex = gender
Both sex and gender (which is the same thing) is not a social construct. Both are determined fully by biology. You can't magically change your gender and there is only two genders and sexes.
sounds like you can't recognize a real feminist from fake feminist - true feminist don't ignore biological reality, appears men claiming to be female who call themselves feminist tend to believe that. This are biological males who know nothing about females, if they get their own gender wrong of course they will get all of reality wrong - can't be trusted.
Gender is a word that is used to group biological sex - what you are confusing is gender STEREOTYPES verses actual gender- both are two different things. A stereotype is a social construct, gender is biology - can't be changed with hormones and plastic surgery. Notice how LGBT is claiming there are more then one GENDER when in fact all these different descriptions of "gender" is actually "sexual behavior". One's sexual behavior does not change one's gender - that's pure insanity.
“Language has historically simplified itself, not the other way around.”
This is very often not at all the case. In fact, the opposite is quite commonly true. It really depends on what’s being talked about.
There are many instances in which something that was initially understood to be black-and-white and simple is discovered to be more complex and varied than was initially thought.
When it comes to language in particular, it’s a pretty normal and expected occurrance in lingustics for words/terms, dialects, and entire languages to branch off and become more complex as time goes on.
As for the “divisiveness” issue, if there’s some particular form of human variation, some unique way of experiencing the world, and people want to come up with a label to describe it, I can’t see that as anything but good, and I can’t help but see any attempt to suppress it as anything but misguided at best and worrying at worst.
There’d probably be a lot less divisiveness if everyone looked/dressed the same and spoke the same language and had the same culture and lived in identical houses, you get the idea, but I wouldn’t want to live in that world. I’m sure most of us wouldn’t!
Oh, and I know this has been pointed out already, but RateMyProfessors is...not the best source to go to for objective criticism.
With a Yelp review of a restaurant, you can at least assume that the person’s actually reacting to the food and not some issue they have with the chef. But anyone who has a political axe to grind, or just didn’t do very good academic work, can leave a negative review of a perfectly good professor.
I’ll admit, I kind of have a moral objection to “review sites” of that sort in general. Most people probably wouldn’t go to a restaurant with two stars on Yelp, but maybe those negative reviewers were unfair and the place is actually decent. Then the restaurant owner’s kind of just fucked.
I think people construe gender and sexuality. There's two sexes. Male and female. Limetless sexualities. People like all kinds of stuff.
And people say gender is a social construct blah blah. You can use the same argument that there are infinite genders as evidence that there are ZERO genders.
Don't take me the wrong way though I'll call you he or she, but I will not call you ze. That's just nonsense.
for a gender, there are 2 only male and female, other than those are medical problems that needs to be treated and then assigned as male or female. to fit the biological role suitable for that person. this is biology, orientation and other psychological disorders are not gender.
Many videos on this topic aren't this respectful to other opinions as this one. Personally I don't mind the existence of other terms because I think they can help people understand their own identity better. Also, more complex vocab is good for more complex things.
Hypothesis: Gender is only a social construct
In order to disprove this hypothesis, one would only need to show that there is any aspect of gender, at all, that is not based on society. Demonstrating this is trivial (see video), therefore gender is not only a social construct, i.e. it is real. What's wrong with my logic?
Damn, this issue has been bothering me all day as my friends in the LGBT community and my "cis" friends have been arguing nonstop and I couldn't be bothered to give a damn about either argument but I do give a damn about the fact that they have to argue about it. Gender deals with one thing in all reality, whether or not and who we mate with. If I am not into or not going to have a relationship with you then what gender you are is the most irrelevant thing in the world to me. This argument goes deeper than I can write in this comment, at the moment.
There isn't a single respected scientist that thinks that gender is a social construct.
This is not worth the time. There are enough physical differences now to ensure that this is a non-argument. For example we have different quantities of different types of cells in our eyes such that males see motion better and women see textures and colors better. These differences fundamentally affect our choices in life.
The simple answer is no, it is a scientific thing. If you were born with male genitalia and traits you are a male same for female.And there are no other genders than Male or female.The traits and genitalia dictate wether if you are male or female.I do not care if someone gets angry at me if you think there are more genders or if you think it is a social construct,I follow science not feelings.That is all I have to say. I’m only an 11 year old but I think that we should have big enough brains to know that gender is biological and not social.
if someone wants to look like the opposite sex, so they have no distinguishable features that differentiates them from their potential procreative mates, all we ask is for you all to wear crotchless pants so those of us who look for telltale signs of procreatively compatible sexes can see your vagina or balls and make the decision to pursue or not.
I tend a tad more towards the "naturalists point of view" on this topic, but I would totally be able to accept that some of it is biological and some of it is socially constructed. The problem is that the followers of the "gender theory" won´t accept this compromise or any compromise in general when it comes to this topic. It´s really exhausting to debate with them and frankly I seriously don´t want to debate about this anymore EVER.
I agree with the solution in theory. However, given recent trends from the gender ideology side, he vs she should be considered. No one wants to learn 50 plus pronouns, and in fact, there is no differentiation between men and women in the pronouns of my original language, there's just one third person pronoun. And I also bet a lot of other languages behave similarly. In fact, there's only one letter difference between he and she, and because language should be simpler, we should call everyone a 'he' lol. Just joking, I think language should evolve organically.
On the other hand, this language magic is pretty facist in the end, a darkness from postmodernist nihilism. It forces people to say certain words they might not care about, or not think important. It seeks to manipulate our minds through language. It has the audacity to presume all thoughts are language based - therefore they think they have the right to "fix" people through language. Not to mention that it's basis is completely flawed, as it denies the fact that sexes could have fundamentally different behaviors which evolved into traditional gender roles. They think gender roles were "created", when in reality, they are built upon natural tendencies. Yes, we can change the parts that are built upon those tendencies, but there's should have been more caution involved, since you might end up being unhappy because you lied to yourself about your biological imperative. It's not worth to flaunt our benevolence of "being gender netural" and play with potential suicide or depression.
Great video. I'm glad you presented both sides of the argument to educate people. Honestly every time I hear trans whatever, I immediately tune out, get a splitting headache, and want to scream shut the f*ck up already. This has gotten out of hand by these men and women of this country. It's ridiculous I swear. I just want to live my best life, I really don't care who accepts me or not. NEWS FLASH, every one will not be tolerant, nor accepting, nor understanding, or compassionate. And guess what?? That's OK! You wanna be a dude, go for it. Wanna be a chick, by all means do it. Just don't expect or force people to understand or accept you. Long as you accept you, I'm happy for you. People have a right to think of you in any way they see fit. Why that has an effect on how YOU see YOU, it shouldn't.
This is all wrong from the start since the creator is using gender and sex synonymously. Men ARE stronger than women, that’s a biological fact. To say that ALL men are stronger than women is a gender stereotype that is formed from observing that the majority of men are stronger than women. Liberal feminists platform gender and its stereotypes. Radical feminists defend biology and scientific fact and deny gender altogether. So, again, the creator of this video needs to research this topic a bit more. Not all feminists are created equal just like sex and gender are two separate things altogether.
Your argument against gender being a social construct is that it's too hard to learn so we should just throw out gender theory, even though the vast majority of experts in psychology and sociology have already accepted gender as a social construct? Brilliant
Why would someone make a video about this? And more importantly: WHY DID I WATCH THIS?
Seriously: There are only two genders with only very fucking few people who are somehow special but since there is something called evolution (which defines our actual purpose: to reproduce) these are just burdened with a disease.
As I learnt it, yes, gender IS a social construct. It is referred to as "what we do." Sex is biological and referred to as "what we are." In this instance, communication is tricky, because people don't realize that it's a connotative difference being argued. People seem to think that saying something is a "social construct" diminishes that concept somehow. However, this statement isn't made to achieve that. In fact, social constructs are significantly pertinent to a fully functioning and stable society. Labelling them as "social constructs" is usually to attribute an origin that makes it easier to understand their MAIN determinant.
Race and ethnicity, for example, are social constructs as well. They are socially imposed classifications of human beings. Since, as a species, we appear obsessed with stratification and organization, this specialization has become inherent in our social functioning. Race deals with the perceived physical differences and attributes amongst us, that are resultant of our varying phenotypic expressions (making genes important.) We use this to separate people into "smart", "athletic", "dangerous" and "safe," to name a few. Ethnicity deals with cultural differences and characteristics; itself distinct from nationality, but incorporative of nationality, language, religion and genealogy as well. We use this to separate people into "foreign", "same", "collectivist" and "individualist," to name a few. Humans like simple things, and so it could be said that race is linked to Nature, while ethnicity to Nurture. Yet, it isn't that straightforward nor dichotomic.
Similarly, Gender also includes numerous facets needed to understand it; gender identity (woman, man, genderqueer etc.), gender expression (feminine, androgynous, masculine), sexual orientation (heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual etc.) and OF COURSE, biological sex (female, intersex, male). All of these are along a continuum and not set categories.
Transgender persons' gender identities differ from their biological sex, for instance. Therefore their manifested gender expression and by extension their sexual orientation would be influenced. A being born biologically male, but who identifies as a woman will behave as a woman (gender expression) and, while very likely will be sexually oriented as a woman (making "him" homosexual if not yet undergone MTF surgery), could also be sexually oriented as a man (making "him" heterosexual if not yet undergone MTF surgery. The fact that she could be attracted to other shes may indicate a biological predisposition left by the birth sex, but keep in mind that attraction itself is still poorly understood: why are there people attracted to inanimate things? And I don't mean the cognitive/neurology or psychopathology behind it, but it as a phenomenon. Not, why does it? But, why can it?)
Now, biological explanations are posited for discrepancies (like transgenders), which the video mentions; fetal hormonal exposure to name one. Though, as an infant, this would be FACILITATED by the environment. She would have internalized the behaviours of the caregiver she identified with (meaning that though she appeared to others to be a male, she identified with her mother/sister/trusted female, and through observational learning, replicated those behaviours.) Thus, what she does is due to social influences. Here, the influence of the social institution of the family. The reason? Because gender polarization is necessary.
We need there to be clearly defined roles for individuals. The probability of males being physically stronger than females is high. Therefore, they were ascribed the more arduous jobs. These jobs were most important for survival (back when we didn't have such great mastery of our environment as we do now.) Through retention, however, the ascription of males' importance and superiority remained a pervasive part of our social structure. Men, then, acquired roles, precepts and behaviours that reflected this ascribed status. The same occurred with women. They give birth, the biological and survival resources essential for which, are numerous, hence they are limited and were probably seen as a liability to (group) survival. This was also retained; leading to them being seen as fragile and inferior, to prioritize differently and to hence be socialized differently. Given the new order of life, their emergence has now caused a shift in society, leading to male marginalization and all the unfortunate correlates to it. Genders, then, are fundamental to society, while sexes are fundamental to the survival of the species through procreation. (For simplicity's sake.)
As you can likely see, biology/Nature played a part, but environment/Nurture took that influence and built on it; through dynamic progress, a need arose for labelled differentiation. Hence, gender and sex as they are now, saw their advent. That is, gender as a social construct (Nurture), and sex as biology (Nature.) But only because, as this post demonstrates, time is essential to explain that it isn't such a dichotomy at all, but a complex interrelation of biology, subjective perception, subjective identification, sociology, culture, religion, experience and the environment. Sources of discrepancies or deviations are also subject to this variation/amalgamation of attributional origins.
Read quickly I was enjoying the conversation that the video was Raising but to compare an educator to a restaurant and Yelp of all things is unfair. First and foremost you have to ask the question why did the professor only get a two out of five? And then you have to ask the question what were the students looking to get out of the class? Now I have been to restaurants where they've got a low Yelp review but I had an enjoyable experience. Because you also have to take into account the mood of the customer before they went in and then with a customer when they went out. Because of dinner can start off very well everything going right and then somebody can make a comment or news can happen and then everything changes and now that particular restaurant is associated with a negative memory. So I don't think using Yelp is a good measure to put against a university / college professor. And again you have to ask yourself the question when you go into a situation regardless what the situation is what is it that you're trying to get out of that situation.
Sometimes it seems like we're debating more over the definition of the word gender than the relationship between the human psyche and biological manifestation. It doesn't help people keep making up new definitions for the word gender because they feel like it fits it better.
I think that gender is both biological and a social construct. However, from a biological aspect it’s more gender roles. I’m not saying “woman get me a sammich” but the roles of nuturer and protector.
More feminin traits leads towards nuture/caring roles
More masculine traits leads towards protecting roles
Both roles needed for survival - both sexes can have a balance of traits
Depending our enviromental and psychological influences will then carry out how we use our gender roles in order to survive
I don’t understand how I’m not transgender when through the majority of my life I felt like a boy trapped in a girls body.
All I know is I suddenly became OK with having a viniga and boobs.
Based on this I don’t really understand why some people feel like they need to physically change themselves, and i wonder if this is really just trying to find personal identity?
I see people make changes based on what other people say. So when you’re trying to find your identity but it goes against “social constructs”, change to fit in may be the motivation.
In those instances I say “fuck everyone else’s opinion. be happy with who you are first. you can save a lot of time when you stop worrying about everyone else and achieve much greater things when you have time to think”
Gender is not a social construct. In Biology, Gender is used to separate the two sexes based on roles that they exclusive play. For example, female bees are the only ones that protect the hive and gather honey as they are the only ones well equipped with a stinger. The male bees while larger only mate with the queen and work around the hive. In a humans case, a female human gets pregnant, breastfeeds and probably other stuff but those are the obvious. The male ejaculates semen and also penetrates. That's what gender actually is. The idea of society making blue for boys, pink for girls, that's not gender, but simply an influence of gender. That's really all it is.
Since you don't know the difference between sex and "gender"--which refers ONLY to SEX ROLES, meaning masculinity and femininity ARE social constructs forced upon men and women--then you have NO business whatsoever doing a video on it. You are out of your depth. There is no such thing as "gender identity"--that was a made-up term by the quack and pervert John Money.
Sex is not a social construct, but gender is. Masculinity and femininity are not innate, they are socially taught through patriarchy. Get rid of gender and we simply have sex differences, which are there rudimentally.
There is no such thing as a female brain or 'hiccups' where females are born with some innate mechanism telling them they're men. They think they're men because of social factors and mainly, psychological disorder. Gender dysphoria is a body dysmorphic disorder that just so happens to be comorbid with several other psychological disorders, mainly Narcissistic Personality disorder and other traumas.
THe Reimer case is not a good example of anything, unless you want to seriously examine the trauma in his life. Then you can see how trauma forms much of transgenderism.
India doesn't have a third gender, it's simply another social construct for males who don't behave according to masculinity. They're still men.
MenR TheProblem Gender is not a social construct. Gender is a biological roles exclusive to the opposite sex. Like female bees have stingers and are therefore the only ones that protect the hive and gather honey, they are also the only ones that can metamorphasize into a queen, the male or drone can only impregnate the queen and take care of the hive and that is all. In a humans case, the female gets pregnant, gives birth and breast feeds, the male penetrates, ejaculates semen and impregnates. While the idea of blue for boys, pink for girls is a social construct, it's simply under the influence of gender but is completely separate from gender if that makes sense. Hope this helps. P.S. yes there is a such thing as a female brain, the majority of women (that being almost all) use both sides of their brain at the same time, males do not. Males have larger brains, but womens brains are more balanced, and no the size of the brain does not have anything to do with intelligence, it's only because the cranial size of a male is larger and therefore a larger in stature brain is developed.
There is a difference between gender and sex. Gender means the desire to have, be and do a number of masculine or feminine things. However sex has two meanings, one is where someone with a biological penis and another person with a biological vagina make a baby, the other is the specific type of reproductive system and chromosomes you have.
All transgender & cisgender girls and women are real female humans because they all have the happiness and desire plus no male human wants to and is happy to:
• have female type curves, breasts, lips, face, hair etc
• be treated, seen, talked, referred to as a girl or woman
• wear female type clothing, underwear and other female things depending on the individual girl or woman's style.
• be somebody's daughter, sister, girlfriend, wife, mother, aunt, grandma, godmother, female friend, cousin and colleague etc
The female sex:
• came out of the genetic womb also with the genetic female reproductive system
• has a natural feminine voice
• has two x chromosomes
All transgender & cisgender boys and men are real male humans because they all have the happiness and desire plus no female human wants to and is happy to:
• have a completely flat chest or male human type chest
• be treated, seen, talked, referred to as a boy or man
• wear male type clothing, underwear and other male things depending on the individual boy or man's style.
• be somebody's son, brother, boyfrien, husband, father, uncle, grandpa, godfather, male friend, cousin and colleague etc
The male sex:
• came out the genetic womb with the biological male reproductive system
• has both the y and x chromosomes
There are only two genders, either male or female. The reason why there are lots of different words for gender identity is because of how people feel and other situations. If you want to be a man, you are a man and if you want to be a woman then you are a woman but some people find it hard to accept and recognise that.
So to the person reading this you are whatever you want to be and if you disagree with the information written above then that's your opinion.
The God of heaven and earth is Elder Park Tae Sun.
Do you know God's name?
In the West, in the fear of the name of God, in the east, of the glory of God.
Here is the name of God. It means that God came out of man.
Is there anyone in the world who announced that I am God?
In 1980, Elder Park Tae Sun declared, "I am God!"
I will reveal to the world that Korea is the East, the place to fear the glory of God.
In Israel, the East is the Republic of Korea.
A country that is not destroyed here forever is a country where the sun will lose its light and will emerge afterward!
It is the country of Park Tae Sun.
Do you know that the candlestick of Israel came to the East as the East?
You will see that in the Republic of Korea there is a new, never-destroying country.
God's Word of Man's Creation, the Word of the Alien, the Word of the End Times, and the Word of the eternal world are recorded on the following website.
Five hundred years ago, the book of the prophets written by the teacher of Nasagoda, the name of God is shown in the file.
1. (十八卜術) 誕生하니 朴
(십팔복술) 탄생 박
2. 三聖水源(三人之水) 泰
3. (羊一口의 又八) 일세 善
(양일구 우팔) 선
1. (十八卜) ; 十 + 八 = 木 + 卜 = 朴
(십팔복) 십 + 팔 = 목 + 복 = 박
2. (三人之水) ; 三 + 人 + 水 = 泰
(삼인지수) 삼 + 인 + 수 = 태
3. (羊一口의又八) ; 羊 + 一 + 口 + 八 = 善
(양일구의우팔) 양 + 일 + 구 + 팔 = 선
IIn the above passage, God's name clearly appears in the prophecies name is.It does not matter whether you believe this or not.God will judge you and build an eternal kingdom.
The "social construct" theory was applied in crops in the USSR (search "Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biology"), it failed, even Stalin rejected it. Afterwards, the DNA was discovered and put social construct to rest. Modern left uses PRE-DNA FAILED THEORIES!
Gender is a social construct. Sex isnt. Sex determines the biological functions of your brain and body while gender was created by people "men are strong and like trucks". It's very complex actually. THAT BEING SAID I think gender fluidity is bs. ALSO BEING SAID live your life idc just dont be annoying we can be friends.
It’s a bit strange.. I have no problem with people being neither man nor woman or a man in a woman’s body or the other way around.. but I hope I’m not being accused of sexism or discrimination when I ask when confused.. it would be nice if nobody took offence at being called by the wrong gender or in between.. that would be the end goal wouldn’t it.
Sex is purely biological. Sex is the question "Do you are have a penis or vagina?" Gender is the social and culture expression of having a penis or vagina. It is the question "Do you wear a dress or pants?" Gender expression differs from culture to culture and a male (sex) could choose to outwardly express being a girl/woman (gender) by wearing makeup and dresses. Sex words are male and female. Gender words are man, woman, boy,and girl. A biological male (sex) can feel as if he is meant to outwardly express our cultures concept of being a girl (gender). There are only two sexes: male female. There are in infinite number of gender identities. Its pretty much whatever the fuck someone wants to call their outward expression. Someone could identify as a Pansexual Bicurious Pan-flute and still be a biological male or female. You made this unnecessarily complicated lol.
top video, given be a decent bit to think about. clicked play not knowing where I stand on this issue (for lack of a better word), I finished this video still unsure. But it helps having all the facts laid out, so thanks :)
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